Joan of Arc - Maid of Heaven

The Maid of France
Being The Story Of The Life And Death of Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc)
NOTES


p. 18, line 20. The best modern analysis of the evidence is that p. 19, line 7. p. 19, line 10. p. 19, line 12. p. 19, line 23. p. 20, line 7. p. 21, line 30. p. 22, line 26. p. 25, line 23. p. 27, line 2. p. 27, line 23. p. 27, line 34. p. 28, line 4. P. 18, line 20. The best modern analysis of the evidence is that by M. G. du Fresne de Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i. pp. 166-183. M. de Beaucourt thinks that "History has turned Burgundian ; " that there was no premeditation of crime ; that the Dauphin was borne off the scene when it became menacing. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i. passim. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d 'Arc ; vol. i. p. 195. Proces, vol. iv. p. 298. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles vn, vol. i. pp. 241-246. Rymer, Fcedera, vol. x. p. 385. 1710. See the " band " in Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i. pp. 438-440, note. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 142. Hinzelin, Chez Jeanne d" Arc. Paris, 1904. Simeon Luce, La France pendant le Guerre de Cent Ans, vol. i. p. 274. Procfc, vol. i. p. 66. Prods, vol. i. p. 132. Proces, vol. i. p. 129 and p. 219, whereby a blunder of the Accuser she is said to have disobeyed in the matter of her marriage. P. 28, line 7. Proces, Index, cf. " D'Arc, Pierre." P. 28, lines 14-16. While, at her Trial (in 1431), she declined to express absolute certainty about her age, Jeanne said that she thought herself thirteen when the Voices began ; in 1431 seven years had elapsed since her Voices and visions began. (See Proce's, i. 52, 65, 73, 128, 215, 216, 218.) According to a letter of Alain Chartier (?), of July 1429, her visions began when she had just reached her twelfth year {Proces, v. 132). According to a letter of Perceval de Boulainvilliers (June 21, 1429), she had completed her twelfth year when her visions commenced (Proces, v. 116). As in 1430- 143 1 her unusual experiences had lasted for seven years, if they began when she was twelve or thirteen, she was born in 1410-1412, and at her death was aged between nineteen and twenty-one. Cf. Lefevre-Pontalis in Chronique cT Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 41, note 2. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne cC Arc, vol. i. p. 542. Prods, vol. i. p. 66. Prods, vol. i. p. 46. Proces, vol. ii. p. 457. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 339-340. 331 P. 29, line 21. p. 30, line 19. p. 31, line 11. p. 32, line 5. p. 33» Kne 13. 332 NOTES P. 33, line 23. Prods, vol. iii. p. 83. P. 33, line 27. On the whole range of these prophecies, and on the French mediaeval blending of the heathen Celtic seer Merlin with the Christian English historian Bede, see M. Lefevre-Pontalis, in Appendix ix. to Chronique d Antonio Morosini, vol. iv. pp. 316-327, with Michel and Wright, Vie de Merlin attribute a Geoffroy de Mon- mouth, 1837. Geoffroy's two tracts on the subject are " Merlini Prophetia"and "Merlini Prophetiae Continuatio, " with his "Historia Britonum." These are works of the twelfth century. As trans- lated by Mr. Sebastian Evans, the Merlin prophecy runs thus : " A damsel shall be sent forth from the City of Canute's Forest to work healing by leach-craft," with much prophetic verbiage referring to Caledon, London, and anywhere but France. Cf. Evans, Geoffrey of Monmouth Translated, p. 179. I do not see what Nemus Canutum has to do with Canute. CamUum means "grey," "hoary," "old." Nemus Canutum {Bois Chenu) is "the ancient wood " ; Bois Chesnu is ' ' the oak wood. " P. 34, line 1. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne a" Arc , vol. i. p. 207. P. 34, line 9. Prods, vol. v. p. 116. P. 34, line 16. Journal oV tin Bourgeois de Paris, ed. by A. Tuetey, p. 237. P. 34, line 33. Prods, vol. ii. p. 434. P. 35, line 8. Prods, vol. i. pp. 67, 68, 212. P. 35, line 13. Prods, vol. i. p. 68. P. 35, line 30. Prods, vol. ii. p. 391. P. 35, line 33. Prods, vol. ii. p. 404. P. 35, line 34. A historian of 1908 writes : " Some of the villagers believed that Christians went to walk with the fairies, and that Tuesday was the day for these rendezvous." But as the authority cited for this belief is not to be found in the passage cited, it may be a misreference (Anatole France, vol. i. p. 15, citing Prods, vol. ii. p. 450, which contains nothing of the sort). P. 36, line 14. Prods, vol. ii. p. 422. P. 37, line 4. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 385, 386. P. 37, line II. Prods, vol. ii. p. 389. P. 37, line 16. Prods, vol. ii. p. 396. P. 37, line 17. Prods, vol, ii. p. 398. P. 37, line 18. Prods, vol. ii. p. 402. P. 37, line 21. Prods, vol. ii. p. 413. P. 37, line 22. Prods, vol. ii. p. 419. P. 37, line 24. Prods, vol. ii. p. 420. P. 37, line 26. Prods, vol. ii. p. 424. P. 37, line 27. Prods, vol. ii. p. 427. P. 37, line 32. Prod's, vol. ii. p. 453. P. 38, line 1. Prods, vol. i. p. 209. P. 38, line 23. As M. Anatole France correctly writes, "she revealed none of these things to her Cure", in which she was much to be blamed according to good theologians, but quite irreproachable according to other excellent doctors " (A. France, vol. i. p. 50). P. 41, line 11. Prods, vol. v. p. 117. P. 41, line 20. Prods, vol. i. p. 128. p. 41 = line 25. p. 42, line 4. p. 42, line 14. p. 42, line 19. p. 42, line 19. p. 42. line 21. p. 42, line 23. p. 42, line 26. p. 43, line 7. p. 43 line 24. p. 43, line 33. p. 44; line 13. p. 45 line 1. p. 45. line 19. p. 45. line 21. p. 45. line 29. p. 45 , line 32. p. 45 , line 33. p. 45 , line 33. i. pp. 61, 62, 48] [. i. i. i. pp. pp. P- 71, 185, [80. 72, 73. 186. 94, 171. i. P- ' i. p 72. . 89 ; cf. vol. i. pp NOTES 333 Prods, vol. i. pp. 50, 51. Troilus and Cressida, Act ill., Scene 2. Process, vol. i. p. 480. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. pp. xxxii-xxxiii, xxxviii-xxxix. Paris, 1908. Cf. pp. xxii-xxiii. Proccs, vol. i. p. 128. Process, vol. i. pp. 52, 216. This reading, in Prods, i. 216, is correct; that in Prods, i. 52, is erroneous. On the psychology of these experiences see Appendix D. Proces, vol. i. p. 1 28. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 437-438. Cf. France, vol. i. pp. 53-54. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. i. p. 89; cf. vol. i. pp. 72-73; France, vol. i. p. 35, note 4. Prods, vol. ii. p. 433. Prods, vol. i. p. 86. "She passed for being rather crazy," says M. Anatole France ( Vie de Jeanne d 'Arc, i. 56), but cites no evidence for the statement. "She suffered from the mockery which pursued her." For this a reference is given to Colin's evidence {Proces, vol. ii. p. 432). On p. 433 Colin says that he and others derided her. "The mother of Nicolas, godson of Jeanne, made rustic mockery of a girl who danced so seldom." The evidence does not say so {Proems, vol. ii. p. 427, not p. 426). P. 46, line 9. Prods, vol. i. p. 53. Mr. F. C. Lowell, in his Joan of Arc, p. 39, note 2, maintains that the Maid went only once to Vaucouleurs, and thinks that the date given for the visit of May 1428 (Prods, ii. 456), "the Ascension," must mean the Circumcision (Jan. I, 1429), or Nativity, or Baptism of our Lord. I adhere to the text of the MS. Bertrand de Poulengy, our authority for the date May 28, makes the Maid silent as to the siege of Orleans, which she could not be, in January and February 1429. She also tells her Dauphin, in May 1428, not to offer battle to his enemies. Now, in January-February 1429, she was insisting that he must fight to rescue Orleans. These argu- ments seem conclusive against Mr. Lowell's theory. P. 46, line 28. Plotinus, Enneades vi, 9, 11. Cf. The Confessions of St. Augustine, Gibb and Montgomery, pp. xlv-xlvi. Cambridge, 1908. Pasquerel, Prods, vol. iii. p. 108. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. iii. Prods, vol. iii. p. 96. Prods, vol. i. p. 457. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 387-461. Prods, vol. i. pp. 66, 215. Simeon Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, p. lxiv and pp. 30 1-305 ; Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne cC Arc, vol. i. p. 23. P. 47, line 6. p. 47, line 18. p. 47, line 27. p. 47, line 34. p. 5°, line 34. p. 5i, line 12. p. 5i. line 23. 334 NOTES P. 51, line 34. Simeon Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, p. 88 (note to 87). The documents about the kinsfolk of Jeanne at Sermaize (de Bouteiller and de Braux, Nouvelles Recherches sur la Famille de Jeanne d'Arc) are regarded with suspicion, and I have abstained from quoting them. P. 5 2 > line 29. Simeon Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, pp. 97-100. On pp. cliv-clvi M. Luce gives the facts of the contract of October 7, 1423. The heads of houses are to pay yearly two gros (a gros being the twenty-fifth part of a livre) to the Damoiseau for protection. M. Luce says the total was not less than 220 gold crowns. He adds that at Martinmas (November 11, 1423) "the wretched villagers could not pay," and got two rich men to be their securities. The Damoiseau, furious at unpunctual payment, impounded the goods and chattels of one of the guarantees, Guy de Poignant, but, on December 8, was paid by the villagers, and gave them the receipt. All this is on the faith of a document of March 31, 1427, when Guy de Poignant was trying to recover his losses from the people for whom he had been surety (cf. Luce, pp. 359-362). But in this document the Seigneur of Do??iremy and Greux is made a party to the case, as well as his villagers. Now the Seigneur, Henri d'Ogiviller, a Knight, was not a party to the debt for protection acknowledged by the villagers on October 7, 1423. M. Luce says that the 220 gold crowns "doubtless came from the tax of two gros for each hearth levied by the Damoiseau of Commercy on October 27, 1423 " (op. cit. p. 359, note 2). But it is arithmetically impossible that a tax of two gros on each of eighty households should yield 220 gold crowns ! Moreover, as we saw, the Seigneur now appears as one of the debtors and dependants in the suit brought by Guy de Poignant. Thus the 220 gold crowns owed by the Seigneur and his tenants cannot be the miserable 160 gros, at most, which the tenants, on October 7, 1423, promised to pay. The large sum in gold crowns may perhaps have been promised by Seigneur and tenants as the price of a local treaty of peace, secured by the Damoiseau between the Seigneur and people of the two villages on one side, and England and Burgundy on the other. The Damoiseau had a foot in both hostile camps, as La Tremoille notoriously had. Thus, on May II, 1428, the churchmen of Craon paid 800 gold crowns, the gentry 1200, the manants and others not noble paid 5000 (?) to La Tremoille, "to have security against France and England" {Les La Trhnoille, vol. i. pp. 172, 173). M. France (i. 29) follows M. Luce, estimating the total of the gros at 220 gold crowns, and giving a reference to " Luce, preuve li.," a document which says nothing about these coins (cf. France, vol. i. p. 66). For the varying values, and the purchasing power of the gold crown, see Boucher de Molandon, Jacques d'Arc, p. 5, note 3. Orleans, 1885. Twenty-five gros went to the livre, three or three and a half livres went to the gold crown ; therefore 220 gold crowns represent over 5000 gros, not a mere 160 gros. P. 53, line 9. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. 30. NOTES 335 P. 53, line 18. Ayroles, La Vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. pp. 430-431 ; Luce, Jeanne d Arc a Domremy, p. lxxx and preuves lxxv, p. 117. P. 53, line 22. Dunand, Histoire Complete de /eanne d'Arc, vol. i. (1898). P. 54, line 3. This Henri d'Orly, and this Barthelemy de Clefmont, made truces with Rene, Due de Bar, the former in July 25 and the latter in August 1426. Part of Domremy was in the dominions of the Due de Bar, which d'Orly seems to have regarded as reason good for pillaging Domremy and Greux. But, in June 1425, the Comte de Vaudemont was also at war with the Due de Bar ; none the less he sent Barthelemy, with seven or eight men, to rescue the Domremy cattle. Simeon Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domre??iy, P- 275- P. 54, line 29. Simeon Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, pp. Ixxxvii, lxxxviii, cxli, cxlii. Examples in silver gilt are in the Museum of the Scottish Antiquaries ; one was found at Pluscarden, in the cell of the Monk of Dunfermline, who asserts himself to have been a follower of the Maid. Process, vol. i. p. 51. Simeon Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, cliv, clvi, 359, 362. Proces, vol. ii. p. 449. Process, vol. ii. p. 21. Process, vol. ii. p. 444. Process, vol. iii. p. 83. Cf. Ayroles, La Vraie Jeanne d' Arc {La Pucelle devant F Eglise de son temps), p. 495. Process, vol. ii. p. 442. Process, vol. ii. pp. 454-458. Cf. Viriville, Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 66, note 2. A. France, vol. i. p. 74 ; citing Proces, vol. ii. pp. 392-393, 458-459. Jo7trna/ du Siige d'OrUans, Prods, vol. iv. p. 118; Chronique de la Pucelle, Proems, vol iv. p. 205. Proch, vol. ii. p. 444. France, vol. i. pp. 76-77. ; citing Proch, vol. ii. p. 53 (but obviously meaning vol. i. p. 53) for what is not to be found therein. " Ipse autem Robertus bina vice recusavit et repulit earn, et in tertia vice ipsam recepit, et tradidit sibi homines ; et ita etiam dixerat {vox) sibi quod eveniret." We must not translate the words which mean "he gave her men " as " he gave her to his men." If he had done that, there would have been evidence for the "outrages of the garrison." It has been asserted that "she regarded the rebuffs of Baudricourt as proofs of the authenticity of her mission, imagining that her Voices had predicted them." Her normal common sense must have predicted them, but it is not so certain that she supposed her Voices to have done so. In her examination at Rouen, as reported in the official account of her Trial, she appears to blend her two visits to Vaucouleurs in a single narrative. She "stayed eight days with her uncle," Lassois. This appears to have been her first visit, in May 1428. She recognised Baudricourt, whom she had never previously seen, at first sight. "The Voice told me, That is the man. I told him that I must go into France." Apparently this was on her second visit, January 1429. "He P. 56, line 12. p. 56, line 32. p. 58, line 24. p. 59, line 15. p. 60, line 6. p. 60, line 13. p. 60, line 23. p. 60, line 24. p. 60, line 32. p. 61, line 5. p. 61, line 29. p. 61, line 33. p. 62, line 9. p. 62, line 12. p. 62, line 17. 33<* NOTES twice refused and rebuffed me ; the third time he received me, and lent me men. The Voice said that it would happen" (Prods, i. 53). Did the Voice say that he would twice rebuff and then accept her, or merely that he would give her an escort ? From the evidence of Jean de Novelonpont, and of her own request that the Due de Lorraine would give her men, it appears that, in February 1429, she had despaired of help from Baudricourt (Prods, ii. 436 ; Anatole P'rance, Vie de Jeanne cPArc, i. 77). P. 62, line 21. Prods, vol. ii. p. 440. P. 62, line 24. Prods, vol. ii. p. 421. P. 62, line 27. Prods, vol. i. p. 68. P. 62, line 35. Simeon "Luce, Jeanne d Arc a Domremy, pp. clxvi-clxix. P. 63, line 17. The two passages are in the Prods, vol. i. ; the evidence of Jeanne is on pp. 127, 128; the slander of her accusers is on p. 215. M. Anatole France quotes for Jeanne's statement Prods, ii. 476. There is no such page in the volume ! He adds, "What is strange, in the case of Jeanne, is that her parents declared her to be in the wrong, and took the side of the young man. She dis- obeyed their command when she sustained her cause, and appeared before the Official. She herself later declared that, in this affair, she disobeyed her parents, the only instance of disobedience on her part." For all this M. France cites Prods, vol. i. p. 128. Not a word of his story appears on that page. On p. 129 Jeanne says that she never disobeyed her parents except in leaving Dom- remy (cf. France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. 84). M. France insists that, in going from Neufchateau to Toul, Jeanne had to walk ten leagues thither, ten leagues back, "perhaps two or three times. And it was by luck if she did not march day and night with her false love (fiance"). . . . Her conduct, proceeding from a singular and heroic innocence, was ill regarded " (France, i. 85). Taking a league as equivalent to three miles, and supposing Jeanne to visit Toul thrice, and to walk thirty miles a day, she marched a hundred and eighty miles during the fortnight of her stay at Neufchateau. As M. France cites, in proof of her dis- obedience to her parents and their approval of the recalcitrant young man, texts which say nothing of these matters (Prods, i. 128, 215), and for her version, Prods, ii. 476, which does not exist, there is clearly a misunderstanding. In Prods, i. 129, Jeanne says that she disobeyed her parents only once, namely, in setting out for France, as we saw ; and the legend about her disobedience to her parents has been, I think, adopted by historians, from Father Ayroles to M. France, from a casual blunder made by the framer of the charges against her in Prods, vol. i. p. 219, lines 12-16. The accuser, by an oversight, makes Jeanne say that she disobeyed her parents only once, in the matter of the marriage, whereas she says no word of that, but avers that her one disobedience was her departure to France (Prods, i. 129). As a result of the error, Jeanne's parents have been accused (not by M. France) of suborning the young man to perjure himself! NOTES $37 P. 63, line 26. Five Domremy witnesses, called in 1450-1456 to testify about the visit to Neufchateau, dated the stay as lasting only "four days," "four or five days," or "three or four days" {Proces, vol. ii. pp. 392, 411, 414, 417, 454). This is remarkable, for Jeanne, at her Trial, said that the visit lasted "for about a fortnight" {Proch, i. 5r, ii. 392, 411, 414, 417, 454). This is a curious discrepancy, for five witnesses were not likely to be much in error. Another notable fact is this : if the Domremy people fled to Neufchateau in fear of the forces of Antoine de Vergy, sent to reduce Vaucouleurs, their reasons for apprehension were ended in the space of four or five days. Antoine was at St. Urbain, a short march from Vaucouleurs, on July 17 ; by July 22 he had abandoned the idea of attacking the town (Luce, Jeanne c? Arc a Domremy, pp. 220, 221, 222). Consequently Vaucouleurs was not "blockaded" at all ; unless a confessedly insufficient force can blockade a strong town in three days. But M. Simeon Luce says that "when blockading Vaucouleurs the men of Antoine de Vergy would take care to complete the blockade by burning and pillaging most of the villages depending on the Chatellenie of which they desired to reduce the chief place to the English allegiance." M. France says, " De Vergy laid all the villages of the territory in blood and fire" (Luce, clxxv. ; France, i. 80). These are very active men-at-arms ! They recognise formally their own inadequate numbers ; they do not appear before Vau- couleurs till July 18 ; on July 22 they write that they have abandoned their enterprise, yet they have not only blockaded Vaucouleurs but burned and pillaged most of the villages within a twelve-mile radius, including Domremy, at least twelve miles distant ! These results arose from M. Luce's tendency to exaggerate the perils of Domremy. Probably its people fled to Neufchateau about July 18, and returned home about July 23 (the "four or five days " of the witnesses) when Antoine de Vergy had with- drawn his men. It is not at all probable that de Vergy, with his small force, weakened it by sending a command to burn distant villages. We do not even know that it was during her stay at Neufchateau that Jeanne went to Toul about the young man's suit : the theory of the Judges was that she remained for long as a servant at an inn in Neufchateau, and thence went frequently to Toul, to force the reluctant young man to marry her ! As for M. France's idea that she kept trudging alone, or with her false lover, on foot to and from Toul, it is incredible. She had a brother to accompany her, and her father owned horses. P. 63, line 30. Prods, vol. ii. p. 396. P. 65, line 13. Michel, Les Ecossais en France, vol. i. pp. 152-153. P. 65, line 24. Bib. Cott. Titus E.v. f. 373. P. 66, line 28. Exchequer K.R. Accotmts {Army), Bundle 51/27. P. 67, line 6. Exchequer K.R. Accounts {Army), Bundle 52/1. P. 71, line 11. These details are all from the Journal du Sitge line 17. p. 152, line 4. p. 152, line 9. p. 152, line 13. p. 152, line 18. p. 153, line 30. p. 153, line 34. p. 154, line 17. p. 154, line 22. p. 154, line 25. p. 154, line 33. p. 154, line 34. p. 155, line 4. p. 155, line 6. p. 155, line 18. set him free. But I had a shorter term than three years, and rather longer than a year," but " about this, at the moment, I do not well remember." All this is confusing, for d'Alencon sometimes heard her tell the king, "I will last but one year or little more" {Prods, iii. 99). This prediction seems to have been known, as we saw, to an Italian newswriter as early as June 1429, and it is impossible to tell how Jeanne reconciled the span of three years in which she was to deliver the Due d'Orleans with that of little more than a year which she knew was assigned to her. In any case, she made no attempt at her Trial to quibble or conceal the facts. We have not all the interrogatories, and the texts of the answers vary. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 12, 13. Prods, vol. v. pp. 105-111. France, vol. i. p. 405 ; Prods, vol. v. p. 108 (Laval). Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. 404. Le Journal du Sitge ; Prods, vol. iv. pp. 169, 170. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 64. Le Journal du Sitge ; Prods, vol. iv. p. 170. France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. 73- Ibid. vol. ii. p. 57. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 119, 120. Prods, vol. iii. p. 100. Prods, vol. iii. p. 13. Quoted from M. Joseph Fabre, Le Mois de Jeanne a" Arc , Preface, p. 14 et seq., by Dunand in Histoire Complete de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. • p. 340. Les E tapes de Jeanne d'Arc in Revue des deux Mondes, March I, 1848, pp. 151-178. France, vol. ii. p. 168. Ibid. vol. i. p. 435. I desire to express, once for all, my appreciation of a grudging and perfectly illogical criticism of Jeanne d'Arc in war. It is almost incredible that any man could aver, first that the Maid "was the chief because she was the best " ; that she understood war so well as "to fear that the chivalry of France would not fight a battle in her fashion"; that the King's advisers "neither believed in nor desired an end of the war : they meant to make war at the least possible risk and expense," — and then to maintain that the Maid understood nothing about war ; that she was used merely as an advertisement and luck-bringer ; that her advice was never listened to ; that it did not cause the march to Reims, thereby "greatly serving the Archbishop" ; also that she was listened to, that she did cause the march to Reims, and that this step was fatal ! See Anatole France, vol. i. pp. xlix, 73, 451-454, 536, ii. 187. Meanwhile, I have not found any criticism, in detail, of the Maid's military qualities, by professed military writers who are also close students of the Art of War as practised in the fifteenth century. In this respect the Jeanne d'Arc Guerriere of General Frederic NOTES 355 Canonge (Paris, 1907) is somewhat disappointing. For example, he states the force of Talbot and Suffolk after the fall of the Tourelles at from 7000 to 8000 men (p. 27), whereas the closest analysis of documents does not enable us to put it above 3500. Capitaine Marin, too, attributes to Jeanne the strategy of the Oise campaign of 1430, whereas the Maid says herself that in most things she then merely took the advice of " the captains," of such experienced leaders as Saintrailles. P. 156, line 10. Le Journal du Siege, Proces, vol. iv. p. 170. P. 156, line 16. Process, vol. v. p. 262 ; Town Accounts. P. 157, line 4. D'Alencon, Prods, vol. iii. p. 94. P. 157, line 8. D'Alencon, Process, vol. iii. p. 95. P. 157, line 22. Le Journal dzc Siege, Proems, vol. iv. p. 171. P. 157, line 33. Prods, vol. i. pp. 79, 80. P. 157, line 35. De Cagny, Process, vol. iv. p. 12. P. 158, line 16. D'Alencon, Proces, vol. iii. p. 96. P. 158, line 28. Prods, vol. iii. p. 97. P. 158, line 29. Prods, vol. iv. pp. 45, 65, 173, 238. According to four chroniclers, Suffolk yielded to an esquire named Guillaume Regnault, first dubbing him a knight. These four witnesses are only one witness, each copying his predecessor. A contemporary, the town clerk of La Rochelle, says that Suffolk refused to surrender except to the Maid, " the bravest woman in the world, who must bring us all to confusion." Quicherat accepted this version, sup- posing that Suffolk's brother, John de la Pole, surrendered to Regnault. The ransom of Suffolk would have been a great prize to the Maid, who hoped, by collecting ransoms for prisoners, to release the Due d'Orleans from English captivity {Rev. Historique, vol. iv. pp. 332, 333). The earliest authority among the chroniclers for the surrender to Regnault is the Berry King of Arms, a herald ; and, as he wrote long after the events, we must judge between his evidence and the contemporary testimony of the town clerk of La Rochelle. Considering the English fear, contempt, and hatred of the Maid, we might expect her to be the last person to whom Suffolk would yield himself prisoner. P. 158, line 34. Le Journal du Siege, Prods, vol. iv. p. 173. M. France says that the quarrel which led to the slaughter of the prisoners was a dispute between the nobles and the common people. There is not a word to that effect in his only authority, Journal du Siege, as printed in Prods, vol. iv. p. 173 (France, vol. i. p. 415). Prods, vol. v. pp. 112, 114. Prods, vol. v. pp. 168, 169. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 13. Le Journal du Siege, Prods, vol. iv. p. 174 ; Chronique de la Pucelle, Prods, vol. iv. p. 240. Le Journal du Siige, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 174, 175. P. 159, line 34. Le Conn'etable de Richcmont, Cosneau, p. 163. P. 160, line 12. Collection des Mimoires, vol. viii. p. 406. Paris, 18 19. P. 160, line 14. Proch, vol. iv. p. 315. P. 161, line 13. Gruel, in Proces, vol. iv. pp. 316-318; Wavrin, accepted by M. P. 159, line 7- p. 159, line 10. p. 159, line 15. p. 159, line 18. p. 159, line 26. 356 NOTES Lefevre-Pontalis, Prods, vol. iv. p. 420; Morosini, vol. iii. p. 71, note 2. P. 162, line 2. D'Alencon, Prods, vol. iii. p. 98. P. 163, line 13. D'Alencon, Prods, vol. iii. p. 98. P. 163, line 23. The evidence here is rather confused, and it is uncertain whether or not the Maid cried for a charge. That is the opinion of M. France (France, vol. i. pp. 431-433), but the evidence of Dunois (Prods, vol. iii. p. 11) and of de Termes (Prods, vol. iii. p. 120) is perhaps adverse to his theory, and both men were present. M. France thinks that they are really speaking of June 17, and that seems the more probable occasion, but de Termes expressly speaks of the day of Pathay (June 18) and Dunois says that the English had heard of the surrender of Beaugency. Now they did not receive the news till June 18, (Wavrin, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 417, 418). However, Dunois may not have been aware that on June 17 the English believed that Beaugency was holding out. In any case, June 17 is not Sunday, August 19, as M. France maintains (France, i. 431). Can he have been deceived by Shakespeare, who, in Henry VI, Part I, Act I, Scene I, makes the messenger date Pathay on August 10 ? Allowing for Old Style, Pathay would thus be on August 20, and the previous day would be August 19, as in M. France's work. But Shakespeare is not a good historical authority. The version in Journal du Siege, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 175, 176, increases the difficulties. P. 164, line 6. Wavrin, Prods, vol. iv. p. 420. P. 164, line 10. Prods, iv. 416. His words are, on June 17, " Les Francais furent advis de leur venue " (of the approach of the English) " eulz environ 6000, dont esloient les chefs Jeanne la Pucelle," etc. Is eulz the English or the French? In Prods, iv. 419, Wavrin makes the French 12,000 or 13,000 combatants. P. 164, line 17. Wavrin, Prods, vol. iv. p. 420. P. 164, line 24. Dunois, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 10, 11 ; de Termes, vol. iii. p. 120. P. 164, line 32. Wavrin, Prods, vol. iv. p. 420 ; Monstrelet, ch. Ixi. (vol. v. p. 327) P. 165, line 2. Prods, vol. iii. p. 71. P. 165, line 17. Wavrin, Prods, vol. iv. p. 421. P. 166, line 21. Prods, vol. iv. pp. 423, 424. P. 166, line 30. D'Alencon, Prods, vol. iii. p. 99. P. 166, line 32. Fauquemberque, Prods, vol. iv. p. 453. P. 167, line 13. De Coutes, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 71, 72. So stupid is the once gracious page that he dates Jargeau after Pathay ! P. 167, line 28. Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris, pp. 239-240 (Tuetey, 1881). P. 168, line 3. Monstrelet, v. pp. 332-334 (i860) ; Chronique de Morosini, vol. iii. p. 132. P. 168, line 6. Lettre de Jacques de Bourbon, Revue Bleue, Feb. 13, 1893. Quoted in Ay roles, La Libtratrice, pp. 367-372. P. 168, line 9. Excheqtier Rolls of Scotland, vol. iv. ciii, 466. P. 168, line 17. Rymer, Fcedera, x. pp. 424-426 (ed. 1710). P. 168, line 27. Rymer, Foedera, x. pp. 432, 433 (ed. 1710). P. 170, line 5. Le Journal du SUge (T OrUans , Prods, vol. iv. p. 178. P. 170, line S. Simon Charles, Prods, vol. iii. p. 116. NOTES 357 P. 170, line 20. Gruel, Petitot's Mtmoires, viii. pp. 453-454; Journal du Siige a" Orleans, Prods, vol. iv. p. 178 ; Cosneau, La Connitable de Richemont, pp. 172-173. P. 170, line 24. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 70, 71. P. 170, line 25. The vague story about Richemont's attempt to take the Maid from the King is given later. P. 171, line 3. Windecke, Prods, vol. iv. p. 498. P. 171, line 7. Chronique de la Pucelle, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 246, 247. P. 171, line 26. Dunois, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 12, 13. P. 171, line 30. For good or for evil, there would have been no march to Reims if the Maid, who announced it in June 1428, had not accomplished it in July 1429. It is not easy to assert at once that Jeanne d'Arc had no influence in the counsels of the Dauphin and the nobles, and also to maintain that her influence was great and mischievous (France, vol. i. pp. xlix. 453, 454). Cosneau, La Connitable, pp. 174-175. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 18. France, vol. i. p. 454. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 71 ; Chronique de la Pucelle, Prods, vol. iv. p. 248. Reinach reviewing France in Revue Critique, March 19, 1908. Prods, vol. v. p. 125. Chronique oV Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. pp. 142, 143. Chartier, in Prods, vol. iv. p. 72. Le Journal du Stige d Orleans, Prods, vol. iv. p. 181. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxiii. (tome iv. p. 336). Jean Rogier, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 284-299. Simeon Luce, Jeanne o? Arc a Domremy, pp. ccxlvi-ccxlvii ; Jownal cfun Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), pp. 233-237. Le Journal du Siege d' Orleans, Prods, vol. iv. p. 182. Jean Rogier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 287. Jean Rogier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 288. Jean Rogier, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 289-290. Jean Rogier, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 295, 296. France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. 503, note 1.; S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, pp. clxxiii-clxxiv, and notes ; Viriville, Charles vii, vol. ii. pp. viii-x. Some authority may style Madame d'Or a dwarf, Luce makes her a " gymnasiarque of incomparable athletic vigour." P. 177, line 21. Chronique d 'Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 153, note 5 (cf. pp. 175- 178). P. 177, line 25. Chartier, Le Journal du Sie~ge, Chronique de la Pucelle, Prods, vol. v. pp. 72, 181, 251 ; town clerk of la Rochelle ; Revue Historique, vol. iv. p. 341. P. 177, line 27. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 73. P. 178, line 27. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 76. P. 178, line 33. Dunois, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 13, 14. P. 179, line 3. Simon Charles, Prods, vol. iii. p. 1 17. P. 179, line 15. Dunois, Prods, vol. iii. p. 13. P. 179, line 27. Jeanne, Prods, vol. i. p. 100. P. 171, line 35. p. 172, line 9. P. 172, line 16. p. 172, line 20. p. 172, line 31. p. 172, line 33. p. 173, line 3. p. 173, line 21. p. 173, line 22. p. 173, line 25. p. 174, line 4. p. 174, line 20. p. 174, line 27. p. 175, line 2. p. 175, line II. p. 175, line 21. p. 176, line 20. p. 177, line 3. <5 58 NOTES P. 180, line 2. Revue Historique, vol. iv. p. 342 ; town clerk of La Rochelle. P. 180, line 8. Proch, vol. i. p. 103. P. 180, line 18. Rogier, Process, vol. iv. pp. 297, 298. P. 180, line 19. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 76, 77. P. 180, line 22. Process, vol. ii. p. 391. P. 180, line 30. Proces, vol. ii. p. 423. P. 180, line 35. Proch, vol. iv. p. 298. P. 181, line 3. Rogier, Proces, vol. iv. pp. 298, 299. P. 181, line 28. Proces, vol. i. p. 91. P. 181, line 35. La Vierge Guerrihe, p. 12. P. 182, line 7. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i. p. 520, citing Proch, vol. i. p. 108, a passage which contains nothing on the subject. He also cites the right passage {Prods, vol. i. p. 91), but again adds his own legend, that Jeanne boasted of having given a crown, borne by angels, to the King, a crown which was sent to Reims (France, vol. ii. pp. 292, 293). P. 182, line 24. Chronique cC Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. pp. 161-163. P. 182, line 34. Proch, vol. i. p. 91. M. Vallet de Viriville supposes that a new rich crown was brought, but lagged behind with the heavy baggage {Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 96). P. 183, line 12. La Colombiere, Les Portraits des Hommes I/lustres, Paris, 1664 (cf. Dunand, Histoire Complete de Jeanne cCArc, vol. ii. p. 241, note 1). The thirteen gold pieces were struck for the occasion. P. 183, line 16. Compare Anatole France, vol. i. p. 521, whose account seems to be inaccurate, — the vase was not worth thirteen icusoVor, thirteen kus cTor were a separate gift, — with Jadart's Jeanne a* Arc a Reims, pp. 107-108, and Dunand's Histoire Complete de Jeanne cCArc, vol. ii. p. 241, note I, citing Leber, Des CMmonies de Sacre, p. 420). Letter of three gentlemen of Anjou, Prods, vol. v. pp. 127-131. Journal du Si£ge, Proch, vol. iv. p. 1 86 and note. Dunois, Proces, vol. iii. p. 16. Proces, vol. v. pp. 141, 266, 267. Proch, vol. v. p. 130. Proch, vol. iv. pp. 514-515. Proch, vol. v. pp. 126, 127. P. 188, line 17. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 24, note 5 ; Stevenson, Letters and Papers, vol. ii. pt. i. p. 101. P. 188, line 24. fournal cCun Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), pp. 240-241. P. 188, line 26. Chronique d Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 188, note 3. P. 188, line 27. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxii. (vol. ii. p. 334) ; Chronique a' Antonio Morosini, p. 189, note 6. P. 188, line 33. Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 141, 151, 152. P. 189, line 2. Cf. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique d? Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 193, note 2. P. 189, line 5. De Cagny, Proch, vol. iv. p. 20. P. 189, line 6. Proch, vol. iv. p. 20. P. 189, line 26. Proch, vol. v. pp. 138, 139. P. 189, line 30. Chronique o? Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 202, note 1 ; de Cagny, Proch, vol. iv. p. 21. P. 189, line 34. Prods, vol. v. pp. 139, 140. P. 184, line 10. p. 184, line 20. 1'. 184, line 25. p. 185, line 29. p. 187, line 7. p. 187, line n. p. 188, line 1. NOTES 359 Prods, vol. v. pp. 139, 140. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. pp. 3, 4. Windecke, Prods, vol. iv. p. 500. Diary of Fauquemberque, Prods, vol. iv. p. 453. Jadart, Jeanne cF Arc a Reims, p. 118 (1887, Reims). Journal dun Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), p. 243. Fauquemberque, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 453, 454. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 79 ; Le Journal du Siige, Prods, vol. iv. p. 188. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 79. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 21 ; Dunois, Prods, vol. iii. p. 14. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d? Arc, vol. ii. pp. 11-12. Dunois, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 14, 15. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxv. (tome iv. pp. 340-344). Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne cTArc, vol. ii. p. 22. Bib. Colt. Titus E.v. f. 372. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 21. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxvi. (tome iv. p. 346). De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 22, 23 ; with less detail, Le Journal duSitge, Prods, vol. iv. p. 190 ; Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 81-84. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d 'Arc, vol. ii. pp. 25, 26. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 85. Le Joxirnal du Sitge, Prods, vol. iv. p. 196 ; Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 26, note 3. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 24. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. pp. 41-47 ; Proces, vol. i. p. 82. Prods, vol. i. pp. 82, 83. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 24. Prods, vol. i. p. 103. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 25. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 25, 26. Extrait (Tune Mimoire a Consulter sur Guillaume de Flavy, Prods, vol. v. p. 174. P. 199, line 33. For details and authorities see Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique cP Antonio Morosini, vol. iv. pp. 332-350 ; Quicherat, Nouvelles Preuves des Trahisons Essuyies par la Pucelle, in Revue de la Normandie, VI, June 30, 1866, pp. 396-440 ; Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 29. P. 199, line 34. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique d? Antonio Morosini, vol. iv. p. 344. P. 200, line 3. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxx. (tome iv. p. 354). P. 200, line 14. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique d Antonio Morosini, vol. iv. p. 346. P. 200, line 24. Prods, vol. i. p. 234. P. 200, line 30. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d Arc, vol. ii. p. 60. P. 200, line 35. Journal d 'un Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), p. 247, note 5. P. 202, line 8. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d 'Arc, vol. ii. p. 73- P. 202, line 13. Prods, vol. iv. pp. 454, 455 (Fauquemberque). P. 202, line 18. Prods, vol. iv. p. 456 (Fauquemberque). P. 202, line 22. Journal (Pun Bourgeois de Paris, Prods, vol. iv. p. 464. P. 203, line 7. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 28. P. 190, line 22. p. 191, line 2. p. 191, line 3. p. 191, line 10. p. 191, line 16. p. 191, line 25. p. 191, line 31. p. 191, line 35. p. 192, line 5- p. 192, line 9. p. 192, line 14. p. 193, line 4. p. 194, line 5. p. 194, line 13. p. 194, line 23. p. I95» line 3. p. 195, line 24. p. 195, line 28. p. 196, line 7. p. 196, line 26. p. 196, line 33. p. 197, line 5. p. 197, line 27. p. 198, line 12. p. 198, line 21. p. 198, line 35. p. 199, line 4. p. 199, line 10. p. i99, line 25. 360 NOTES p. 203, P. 204, P. 20S, P. 205, P. 20S, P. 206, P. 206, P. 206, P. 207, P. 207, P. 207, line 23. line 9. line 12. line 2}. line 32. line 1. line 10. line 34. line 6. line 14. line 21. P. 207, line 28. P. 207, line 31. P. 208, line 7. P. 209, line 7. P. 209, line 20. P. 209, line 26. P. 210, line 5. P. 210, line 11. P. 210, line 13. P. 210, line 31. P. 211, line 3. P. 211, line 30. P. 212, line 7 P. 212, line 9 P. 212, line 19 P. 213, line 8 P. 214, line 29 P. 214, line 34 P. 215, line 23 Prods, vol. i. pp. 146, 147. Fauquemberque, Proch y vol. iv. p. 460. Fauquemberque, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 458-460. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 86. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 87. Le Journal du Siege, Prods, vol. iv. p. 199. Barbour, Bruce, bk. ix. lines 352-356 and lines 380-389. Journal du Bourgeois de Paris, Prods, vol. iv. p. 465. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 27. Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris, Prods, vol. iv. p. 466. Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris, Prods, vol. iv. p. 466. A con- temporary account, in Arch. Nat. Sect. Hist., LL 216 fo. 173, avers that the French had threatened to make a general massacre in Paris. The assault began about one o'clock in the afternoon, and was vigorously pushed, totis viribus, till midnight. A few Englishmen and others were wounded, and very few were killed. The losses of the French were great, but they were said to have burned their dead. The writer thinks that they withdrew because the Maid was wounded (Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domremy, pp. 257, 258). Prods, vol. iv. p. 87. Chroniqueur Normand, i. ; Prods, vol. iv. p. 342. Deliberation du Chapitre de Notre Dame, in Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), p. 244, note 1 . Proch, vol. iii. p. 16. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 27. Lefevre-Pontalis, " Un detail du Siege de Paris," Bibliothique de PEcole des Chartes, vol. xlvi. p. 12. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 29. Chartier, Prods, vol. iv. p. 93. De Coutes, Prods, vol. iii. p. 73, at Chateau Thierry, she pursued a woman with her sword, but did not strike her. D'Alencon says that she broke a sword on a girl at St. Denys : he was an eye-witness {Process, vol. iii. p. 99 ; Chartier, Proch, vol. iv. p. 71). The king was grieved, and said that she should have used a stick. Proch, vol. i. p. 77* Rymer, Fcedera, x. p. 408 ; Prods, vol. v. pp. 136, 137. Cotton MSS Titus E.v. ff. 372, 373. I gave this correct account of Bedford's letter before observing that the Abbe Henri Debout, after vainly searching for the letter in our archives, was directed to it by Mr. J. M. Stone (cf. Debout, Jeanne d'Arc et les Archives Anglaises, 1895, Appreciation du Due de Bedford, etc.) De Cagny, Proch, vol. iv. pp. 29, 30. Martial d'Auvergne, Proch, vol. v. p. 71. Prods, vol. iv. pp. 29, 30. Quicherat, Apercus Nouveaux, p. 35. Proch, vol. iii. pp. 85-88. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles vu, vol. ii. p. 265. Quicherat, Rodrique de Villandrando, p. 58 ; citing MS. Chronique des Cordeliers. NOTES 361 P. 215, line 32. For these worthies see Lowell, Joan of Arc ; pp. 183, 184. P. 216, line 1. Prods, vol. v. pp. 356-357. P. 216, line 4. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne a" Arc, vol. ii. p. 94. P. 216, line 9. The people of Moulins were then taxed for supplies. Ayroles, La Vraie Jeanne a" Arc, vol. iv. p. 403 ; Town Accounts of Moulins. P. 216, line 13. Ayroles, vol. iv. ; La Vierge Guerriire, p. 402. P. 216, line 34. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 217, 218. P. 217, line 22. Histoire de Mire Colette, pp. 337-339, in Luce, Jeanne d'Arc a Domretny, cclxxix, cclxxx. P. 217, line 28. Prods, vol. v. pp. 147, 148. P. 217, line 29. F. Perot, Bulletin de la Socie'te" Arch, de VOrUanais, vol. xii. p. 231 ; Un Document stir Jeanne d'Arc. P. 217, line 35. Prods, vol. v. pp. 270-272; Villaret, Campagne des Anglais, p. 159. P. 218, line 5. Proces, vol. v. pp. 356, 357. P. 218, line 9. Berri, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 48, 49. P. 218, line 10. Villaret, Campagne des Anglais, pp. ill, 112. P. 218, line 13. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 239 (cf. Prods, vol. iv. pp. 31, 49). P. 218, line 17. V. de Viriville, Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 126. M. de Viriville says that the purchase of La Charite with the 1300 gold crowns of Bourges is proved by "a special document." He cites Biographie Michaud, Guillaume de Bastard, but does not give the document, for the excellent reason that no such document is quoted either in the Biographie Michaud or in the Ginialogie de la Maison de Bastard. P. 218, line 30. Prods, vol. i. p. 109. P. 218, line 32. Prods, vol. i. pp. 147, 168, 169. P. 218, line 35. Prods, vol. i. p. 298. P. 219, line 4. Prods, vol. iii. p. 16. P. 219, line 9. Prods, vol. i. pp. 295, 296. P. 219, line 33. Prods, vol. i. pp. 106-109. P. 220, line 11. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. p. 97; citing Prods, vol. ii. p. 450. By way of proof that Brother Richard indoctrinated the Maid, we are referred to a passage in which Des Ourches says that she, the Due de Clermont, and d'Alencon confessed to the Brother at Senlis ! Journal a" un Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), pp. 270-272. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne oV Arc, vol. ii. pp. 108, 109. Prods, vol. v. pp. 150-154. Passed the Seals on January 6, 1430. Prods, vol. i. p. 1 17. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles vn, vol. ii. pp. 263, 264. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 270 ; quoting Arrets de Parlement, May 8, 143 1. For La Tremoille's financings see Les La Trimoille, vol. i. pp. 136-172. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii. pp. 254, 255. Town Accounts ; Prods, vol. v. p. 270. Prods, vol. v. pp. 154-156, 271. P. 223, line 10. Jules Doissel, Note sur une Maison de Jeanne d'Arc {Mem. de la Soc. Arch, ei Hist, de POrlians, vol. xv. pp. 494-500). P. 223, line 17. Prods, vol. i. p. 295. P. 220, line 19. P. 221, line 5. P. 221, line 24. p. 221, line 29. p. 222, line 13. p. 222, line 20. p. 222, line 26. p. 223, line 5. p. 223, line 8. 362 NOTES P. 223, line 20. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique oV Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 268. P. 223, line 26. Proch, vol. v. p. 160. P. 224, line 3. Rymer, Fcedera, vol. x. p. 454 (1710), March 9, 1430-1431. P. 224, line 12. Appriciation du Due de Bedford sur Jeanne cCArc, by the Abbe Henri Debout, p. 29. Paris (no date), 1895. P. 224, line 19. Chronique d? Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. pp. 274, 275, notes 1-3 ; Journal (Tun Bourgeois de Paris, pp. 251-253 (Tuetey) ; Stevenson, Letters and Papers, vol. i. pp. 34-50. P. 224, line 30. Boucher de Molandon, Jacques Boucher. Orleans, 1889. {Mimoires de la Soc. Arch. d? Orleans, tome xxii. pp. 373-498.) P. 224, line 35. The date of this letter is given by Quicherat {Proch, v. 156, 159) as March 3. The right date is taken from Th. de Sickel, Bibliothtque de rEcole des Chartes, Third Series, vol. ii. p. 81 (France, vol. ii. p. 127). P. 225, line 9. Proch, vol. v. pp. 161, 162. P. 225, line 31. Journal cPun Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), p. 248. About Oct. 8, 1429. P. 227, line 10. Document in Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 155-160. P. 227, line 16. De Cagny, Proch, vol. iv. p. 32. P. 227, line 23. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne cFArc, vol. ii. pp. 134, 135. P. 227, line 30. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 293, note 3 ; Les La Trtmoille, vol. i. p. 196. P. 227, line 35. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 37, 38 ; de Cagny, Proch, vol. iv. P- 32. P. 228, line 3. Chartier, Proch, vol. iv. p. 91 ; Martial d'Auvergne, Proch, vol. v. p. 72. P. 228, line 4. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 44. P. 228, line 30. Proch, vol. i. pp. 253, 254. P. 229, line 7. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii. p. 35, note 2. P. 229, line 13. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 158, note 2. M. France, on the other hand, asks, " Did the town refuse to receive her and her company ? This appears to have been the case. . . . What dis- grace befell her at the gates of the town ? Was she beaten by a troop of Burgundians ? We know nothing" (France, vol. ii. p. 138). M. Lefevre-Pontalis held the same view (1901) before the publica- tion of M. Champion's document (1906) (Morosini, vol. iii. p. 295, note 5). P. 229, line 18. De Cagny, Proch, vol. iv. p. 32. P. 229, line 26. Proch, vol. iv. p. 91. P. 229, line 34. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxxxiv. (tome iv. p. 384). P. 230, line 18. Proch, vol. i. pp. 158, 159. Here for "Burgundian writers" read "an English writer." P. 230, line 26. Proch, vol. i. pp. 77, 78. P. 230, line 33. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d* Arc , vol. ii. pp. 151, 152. P. 231, line 27. Mrs. Parsons, Life of St. Colette, pp. 169-171. P. 232, line 9. Proch, vol. i. pp. 105, 106. P. 233, line 4. Proch, vol i. p. 147. P. 233, line 7. Proch, vol. i. p. 147. P. 233, line 13. Miracles of Madame St. Catherine of Fierbois, Lang, pp. 115, 116; Proch , vol. v. pp. 164, 165. NOTES 363 P. 233, line 17. Town documents of Senlis, in Chroniqtie 0? Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 295, note 5. P. 234, line 2. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 151-154; Charles vn to the Duke of Savoy, Savoy State Papers. P. 234, line 7. Prods, vol. v. pp. 139, 140. P. 234, line 19. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 166-168. Charles to the town of Reims, May 6, 1430. P. 235, line 5. Capitaine Marin, Jeanne d'Arc, Tacticien et Strati giste, pp. 69-76. P. 235, line 25. For ' ' May 13 " read " May 14," following M. Champion. P. 235, line 28. Sorel, La Prise de Jeanne d'Arc a Compiigne, p. 145, note 3. P. 236, line 3. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 39, 40 (cf. pp. 162, 163) ; Chronique Anonyme. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxxxiii. (tome iv. pp. 381-384). P. 236, line 21. Berri, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 49, 50. P. 236, line 25. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 42, note 2, and p. 168. P. 236, line 31. Process, vol. i. p. 273. P. 236, line 35. Berri, Prods, vol. iv. p. 50. P. 237, line 20. De Cagny, Process, vol. iv. pp. 32, 33. P. 238, line 3. Proems, vol. i. p. 116. P. 238, line 6. See Bouchart in Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 283, 284, and notes. P. 238, line 16. Prods, vol. v. p. 166. P. 238, line 23. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxxxiii. P. 239, line 3. Chastellain, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 443, 444. P. 239, line 4. Prods, vol. i. p. 298. P. 239, line 7. Prods, vol. i. pp. 114-116. P. 239, line 13. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxxxvi. P. 239, line 17. Extrait d'une Memoire, Prods, vol. v. pp. 176, 177. P. 239, line 30. Chastellain, Prods, vol. iv. p. 445. P. 240, line 1. Chastellain, Prods, vol. iv. p. 446. P. 240, line 5. Prods, vol. i. p. 116. P. 240, line 16. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. p. 170. P. 240, line 20. Monstrelet, she set forth at 5 p.m. Burgundy reports entour six heures (Guillaume de Flavy, p. 170). P. 241, line 3. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d' Arc, vol. ii. p. 173. P. 241, line 6. Prods, vol. i. p. 47. P. 241, line 9. Prods, vol. iv. p. 34. P. 241, line 17. Prods, vol. v. p. 177. P. 241, line 22. Prods, vol. v. p. 167. P. 242, line 6. Monstrelet, lib. ii. ch. lxxxvi. P. 242, line 10. Sorel, La Prise de Jeanne d'Arc a, Compiegne, pp. 211-214. P. 242, line 15. Jean de Luxembourg was most certainly in English pay, and he, under the Anglicised name of John Lusshingburgh had a grant made to him of five hundred livres d'or in the ninth year of Henry vi (Bibl. Cotton Cleopatra, F. iv. f. 52 v.). Cited in Jeanne d'Arc et les Archives Anglaises, pp. 20, 21, by the Abbe Henri Debout. "Lusshingburgh," on May 13, 8 Henry vi, appears as " Dominus Johannes de Lucemburgh." P. 242, line 25. Prods, vol. i. pp. 12, 13. P. 243, line 4. Prods, vol. i. p. 9. P. 243, line 25. See the prayers in Sorel, La Prise de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 344, 345. 364 NOTES P. 243, line 30. Ibid. p. 345. P. 244, line 17. Prods, vol. v. pp. 168, 169. P. 244, line 33. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. p. 185, note 2 ; citing Vita Jacobi Gilu ab ipso conscripta, in Bulletin de la Society Archiologique de Touraine, iii. pp. 266 et seq. 1867. P. 245, line 3. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles vn, vol. ii. pp. 251-255. The attempts to find hints that Charles wrote to the Pope, or that he intended to attempt a rescue, are of the most shadowy. In a Latin poem of 1 5 16, an epic on the Maid, the author, Valeran Varanius, versifies a letter which he says that the king wrote long afterwards to Pope Calixtus III. The poet made use of the MSS of the two Trials, 143 1, 1 450- 1 456, but we have no proof that the passage from the letter to the Pope was genuine. Again, in March 1 43 1, Dunois was ordered to betake himself to Louviers, within twenty miles of Rouen, then held by La Hire, " to resist the English, who are there in great force." La Hire capitulated shortly after Jeanne was burned, Dunois could not or did not succour Louviers, and nowhere is there a hint that he attempted anything against Rouen. De Cagny, Prods, vol. iv. p. 35. Prods, vol. i. p. 163. Prods, vol. i. p. 14. Varanius, Prods, vol. v. p. 84. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique d^ Antonio Morosini, vol. iii. pp. 301-303. Ibid. p. 300, note 4. Prods, vol. i. pp. 95, 231. Prods, vol. i. p. 231. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 120-123. Prods, vol. i. pp. 150-153. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique d' Antonio Morosini, vol. iv. Annexe 21. Journal d'un Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), pp. 259, 260. Journal (fun Bourgeois de Paris (Tuetey), p. 271. Anatole France, Vie de Jeanne d 1 'Arc, vol. ii. pp. 213, 400. y£sch, Choceph., p. 978. Lefevre-Pontalis, Chronique cTAntonio Morosini, vol. iii. p. 185, note 3 ; citing Hennebert, Une lettre de Jeanne d'Arc aux Tour- naisiens, in Arch. Hist, et Litt. du nord de la France, New Series, vol. i. p. 525. 1837. P. 250, line 12. M. France quotes, in proof of the generosity of Tournai, Prods, i. 95, 96, 231, in which there is not the most distant allusion to the matter. Also Chanoine Henri Debout, Jeanne d' Arc prisonniire i\ Arras, and other works by the learned Canon (France, ii. 219, note 1). P. 250, line 19. Prods, vol. v. p. 194. P. 250, line 30. Prods, vol. i. pp. 290, 291. P. 251, line 5. Prods, vol. v. p. 179. P. 251, line 10. Prods, vol. v. p. 192. P. 251, line 13. Prods, vol. v. pp. 360, 363. P. 251, line 23. Prods, vol. iii. p. 121. P. 251, line 30. Prods, vol. i. pp. 15—17- P. 252, line 1. De la Pierre, Prods, vol. ii. p. 302. P. 245, line 15. p. 246, line 3. p. 246, line 18. p. 247, line 12. p. 247, line 15. p. 247, line 18. p. 247, line 25. p. 247, line 34. p. 248, line 6. p. 249, line 17. p. 249, line 21. p. 249, line 30. p. 249, line 32. p. 249, line 35. p. 250, line 5. p. 250, line 10. NOTES 365 p. 252, 1 p. 252, 1 p. 252, 1 p. 252, 1 p. 252, 1 p. 253, 1 p. 253, 1 P. 253, 1 P. 254, 1 P. 255, 1 ne 7. ne 15. ne 18. ne 27. ne 30. ne 2. ne 5. ne 27. ne 16. ne 32. P. 256, line 6. P. 256, line 22. P. 256, line 29. P. 256, line 31. P. 257 line 4. P. 257> line 6. P. 257, line 19. P. 257. line 22. p. 257, line 28. p. 258, line 6. p. 258, line 25. p. 259, line I. p. 259. line 4. p. 259 , line 19. p. 259 , line 35. p. 260 line 5. p. 260. line 14. p. 260, line 20. p. 260, line 22. p. 260 line 24. p. 260 line 30. p. 261 line 23. p. 261, line 28. p. 261 line 32. Cusquel, Prods, vol. ii. p. 306, vol. iii. p. 180. Courcelles, Prods, vol. iii. p. 59. Prods, vol. iii. p. 161. Prods, vol. iii. p. 122. Massieu, Prods, vol. iii. p. 154, vol. ii. p. 18; Daron, iii. p. 200. Prods, vol. i. p. 47. Prods, vol. i. pp. 18, 19. Roxburghe Club, 1908. Mackenzie, Scottish Law in Matters Criminal. 1678. See, for fables of witnesses in 1450-1456, Ch. de Beaurepaire, Recherches sitr la Prods de Condamnation de Jeanne cTArc, pp. 103-119. Rouen, 1869. Prods, vol. i. pp. 33, 34. Tractatus de Hceresi pauperum de Lugduno, from Martene, Thesaurus anecd., vol. v. col. 1787, quoted in Apercus Nouveaux, pp. 131, 132. Prods, vol. iii. p. 60; Manchon, p. 141. Prods, vol. iii. p. 162 ; Beaurepaire, Notes stir les Juges, etc., pp. 81, 82. Rouen, 1890. The tales about the evil deaths of the Judges are folklore. Prods, vol. ii. p. 13. Prods, vol. iii. p. 162. Apercus Nouveaux, pp. 103, 104. Prods, vol. ii. p. 15. Apercus Nouveaux, p. 104. Prods, vol. i. p. 30, note 3. His evidence, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 56-62. Oratio Curcelli. De Gestis Joanna, lib. iv. Valeran Varanius. Prods, vol. v. pp. 197, 200, 209. Apercus Nouveaux, p. 107. Prods, vol. iii. p. 58. Prods, vol. ii. pp. II, 12, vol. iii. p. 50. Houppeville, Prods, vol. iii. p. 171. Prods, vol. i. p. 27. Prods, vol. i. pp. 31, 32, vol. iii. p. 57. Prods, vol. iii. p. 136. Apercus Nouveaux, p. 120. Prods, vol. i. pp. 204-323. Prods, vol. i. p. 43. Rogier, Prods, vol. v. pp. 168, 169. Quicherat avers in his Apercus Nouveaux (p. 109) that it was unjust to refuse the aid of counsel to Jeanne, but that the refusal was justified by the procedure in the case of heretics. The Chanoine Dunand argues that Quicherat misquotes and misinterprets a Decretal of Clement v (1307). See Dunand, Etudes Critiques, Third Series, pp. 339-340, with his documents, pp. 470-476, and his Jeanne cTArc et FE-glise, pp. 104, 106. Eymeric's Directorium Inquisitorum, Pars ii. cap. xi, Pars iii. p. 365, with Pegna's Commentary (Rome, 1578), may also be consulted. See, too, Pars iii. p. 295. The evidence is that, in the century after Jeanne's death, counsel must on no account be refused. In his Histoire des Tribunaux de V Inquisition en France, p. 400 3 66 NOTES p. 262, p. 263, p. 263, p. 263, 264, 264, 264, 265, p p p p p. 265, p. 266, p. 267, p. 267, p. 268, p. 268, p. 268, p. 269, p. 269, p. 270, p. 270, p. 270, p. 271, p. 272, p. 272, p. 272, p. 273, p. 273, p. 273. p. 273> p. 274, p. 274, p. 274, p. 275, p. 275, p. 275, p. 275. p. 276, line 19. line 3. line 14. line 17. line I. line 8. line 34. line 6. line 32. line 24. line 4. line 31. line 5. line 21. line 29. line 6. line 26. line 4. line 17. line 31. line 18. line 8. line 12. line 24. line 6. line 18. line 20. line 34. line 5. line 15. line 35. line 3. line 17. line 24. line 34. line 4. et seq., L. Tanon argues, from a decree of Innocent in, that no counsel was allowed to heretics. The interpretation of this decree by Pegna (1578) is denounced as " a platonic homage to the rights of the accused." Tanon says that, in records, no counsel for the accused is to be found. For the opposite view see Dunand as quoted above. Anatole France, vol ii. p. 329, follows Tanon. Prods, vol. i. pp. 45, 46. Manchon, Proems, vol. hi. pp. 135, 136. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 15, 16. Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le Proces, p. 115. Prods, vol. i. p. 62. Prods, vol. i. p. 65. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 46-49. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 50-52. Prods, vol. i. p. 84 ; De Bourbon- Lignieres, Etude sur Jeanne if Arc, pp. 252, 253 (cf. Prods, vol. i. p. 252, where the phrase et quod perdent totum in Francia is textually repeated). Prods, vol. i. pp. 80-91. Prods, vol. i. p. 97. Prods, vol. i. pp. 91-112. Prods, vol. i. pp. 113-122. Prods, vol. i. pp. 128, 129. La Vraie Jeanne d' 'Arc ; vol. ii. pp. 166, 167. Prods, vol. i. p. 130. Prods, vol. i. p. 155. Life and Martyrdom of Saint Katherine of Alexandria. Club, 1884. Prods, vol. i. pp. 155, 156. Prods, vol. i. p. 159. Dunand, Jeanne cTArc, vol. iii. p. 159. Roxburghe Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Dunand, Jea Prods, vol. Process, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. Prods, vol. p. 162. pp. 164-166. p. 174. pp. 175-177. pp. 184-186. me d Arc, vol. iii. p. 173. p. 196. pp. 198-200. p. 219. p. 304. P- 317- p. 205, note. p. 196. De la Pierre, Proces, vol. ii. pp. 4, 5. Manchon, the clerk (Prods, ii. 13), tells a similar story of the advice given by de la Pierre, Ladvenu, and de la Fontaine, to submit to the Council, and says that Jeanne did appeal, on the following day. But he alters the circumstances ; the advice was given in private, in the cell of the Maid. Cauchon discovered her counsellors, de la Fontaine had to fly, the others were in great danger of death. p. 276, line 16. p. 276, line 19. p. 277, line 15. p. 278, line 2. p. 278, line 6. p. 278, line 11. p. 278, line 12. p. 278, line 28. p. 278, line 31. p. 278, line 33. p. 279, line 5. p. 279, line 10. p. 280, line 22. p. 281, line 9. p. 281, line 13. p. 282, line 9. p. 283, line 30. p. 284, line 23. p. 284, line 26. p. 285, line 1. p. 285, line 3. p. 285, line 18. p. 285, line 30. p. 285, line 34. p. 286, line 7. P. 286, line 12. P. 287, line 24. P. 288, line x. P. 288, line 10. P. 288, line 31- P. 289, line 6. P. 289, line 22. P. 289, line 30- P. 289, line 35- P. 290, line 3- P. 290, line 4- P. 290, line 7- NOTES 367 On a later occasion (Prods, ii. 343) Manchon absolutely cor- roborated de la Pierre. Manchon did not say that he had omitted Jeanne's appeal, but the words " ct requiert . . " prove that he did. Prods, vol. i. p. 205. Prods, vol. i. pp. 279, 280. line 15. Ayroles, La Pucelle devant FEglise de son Temps, p. 225. Ibid., p. 227 ; Prods, vol. i. p. 445. Ayroles, ut supra, p. 285. Ayroles, ut supra, p. 516. Ayroles, ut supra, p. 522. Prods, vol. iii. p. 60, vol. i. pp. 326, 327. Prods, vol. ii. p. 222 ; opinion of de Leliis, vol. ii. p. 22. Apercus Nouveaux, p. 1 29. Prods, vol. i. p. 328. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 201, 217. Prods, vol. i. pp. 328, 336. Prods, vol. i. pp. 337, 338. Prods, vol. i. pp. 339, 340. The Rouen Cathedral Register ; Prods, vol. i. p. 353, note 1. Prods, vol. i. pp. 374-381. Prods, vol. i. pp. 381-399. Prods, vol. i. pp. 353-355. Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, Scottish Law in Matters Criminal (1678). Lea, History of the Inquisition in Spain, vol. ii. p. 581 and vol. iii. pp. 27, 29. Prods, vol. i. pp. 399-402. Prods, vol. i. pp. 402-404. Prods, vol. i. p. 409. Prods, vol. i. pp. 414-417. Prods, vol. i. p. 418. Process, vol. i. pp. 439-441. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 20, 21. Prods, vol. ii. p. 17 (Massieu). In this place Massieu, in 1450, declares that a " schedule of articles " was read by Erard to Jeanne ; that she abjured them (the sins imputed to her), and signed with a cross "before she left the place." It was later, in 1456, that he spoke of the schedule as very brief — some eight lines (Prods, iii. 156). No one could gather this from his earlier evidence of 1450. Prods, vol. i. pp. 442-450. Prods, vol. i. pp. 447-448. Bouchier, Prods, vol. ii. p. 323. Prods, vol. iii. p. 157. Prods, vol. ii. p. 355 ; Marcel, on hearsay, Prods, vol. iii. p. 90 ; Manchon, Prods, vol. iii. p. 147 ; Massieu, vol. iii. pp. 156, 157 ; Migiet, Prods, vol. ii. p. 361. Prods, vol. ii. p. 356, vol. iii. p. 178. De la Chambre, Prods, vol. iii. p. 55. Prods, vol. ii. p. 376. 368 P. 290, line 25 P. 290, line 29 P. 290, line 35 P. 291, line 5 P. 291, line 11 P. 291, line 13 P. 293, line 2 P. 293, line 10. P. 294, line 4. P. 294, line 24. P. 294, line 30. NOTES Massieu, Prods, vol. ii. pp. 17, 331. Prods, vol. iii. p. 156. Prods, vol. iii. p. 61. Prods, vol. iii. p. 52. Prods, vol. iii. pp. 146- 1 47. Proems, vol. iii. p. 197- The best argument on this point is that of Chanoine Dunand in his Jeanne d? Arc et l ' Eglise, pp. 220-229, where the documents are translated (see also pp. 1 71-177). As to the form of abjuration, M. Anatole France asserts positively that it was the brief document sworn to by the witnesses in the Trial of Rehabilitation, and that it contained the confession that she had "seduced the people." He does not aver that Jeanne repeated and signed the long formula (France, vol. ii. p. 366). " She submitted to the Church, con- fessed that she had been guilty of treason, and of misleading the people, and promised not to wear arms, male dress, and short hair." I can find nothing about confessions of treason in the references given {Prods, vol. iii. pp. 52, 65, 132, 156-197). Father Wyndham observes that "He who reads only the Prods de Con- damnation would never suspect there had been any schedule but the long one, and he who reads only M. France's book would never imagine that there had been any schedule but the short one ; M. France has entirely suppressed the long one" (Dublin Review, pp. 105, 106, July 1908). M. Anatole France (vol. ii. p. 381) entirely mistranslates the verdict of the Abbe of Fecamp, in Prods, vol. i. p. 463, representing the Abbe as saying that the long formula "has been read to" Jeanne, with other errors in constru- ing a very easy piece of Latin. Nor are errors avoided in the translation of the Dublin Review of January 1891, quoted without correction by Father Wyndham, ut supra. Dunand, La Ligende Anglaise de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 72. Toulouse, 1902. Prods, vol. i. pp. 456, 457. Apercus Nouveaux, p. 136. Quicherat's theory is that a full abjuration was crammed into a few lines, while the long paper was padded out with legal and theological verbiage. But the confession simply cannot be reduced to the brevity of the short formula. That her Voices were distinctly audible in the scene on the scaffold proves, once for all, that they were independent of, though they may have been favoured by, the sound of bells and other audible points de reph-e. As it is only too possible to introduce the ludicrous into the deepest of tragedies, M. France's printer has it that when she was on the scaffold "The Voices rose to her, insistent : ' Jeanne, we have such great pity for you ! You must revoke what you have said, or we must deliver you over to secular justice. . . Jeanne, do as you are bid. Do you desire your own death ? ' " (France, Vie de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii. pp. 363, 364 ; citing Prods, vol. iii. p. 123). In Prods, vol. iii. p. 122, the words, or most of them, are attributed, not to the Voices, but to "Midi, who did the preaching." The witness means Erard. NOTES 369 The Voices did not, as in M. France's version, insist on being abjured ! P. 295, line 10. Prods, vol. iii. p. 123. P. 296, line 8. Prods, vol. i. pp. 450-452. P. 296, line 15. Prods, vol. ii. p. 14. P. 296, line 21. Manchon, Proas, vol. ii. p. 14. P. 297, line I. Prods, vol. i. p. 19. P. 297, line 6. Apercus Nouveaux, pp. 112, 113. P. 297, line 15. Fave, Prods, vol. ii. p. 376. On hearsay. P. 297, line 22. Prods, vol. i. p. 453. P. 297, line 25. Massieu, Prods, vol. iii. p. 15". P. 297, line 28. Marcel, on Simon's evidence, by report ; Prods, vol. iii. p. 89. P. 297, line 33. Prods, vol. ii. p. 18. P. 298, line 7. Manchon, Prods, vol. ii. p. 14. P. 298, line 10. Massieu, Prods, vol. iii. p. 158. P. 298, line 23. Prods, vol. i. pp. 455, 456. P. 298, line 28. Prods, vol. ii. p. 5. P. 298, line 30. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 8, 365: p. 8, "An English lord forced her " ; p. 365, he " tried to force her." P. 298, line 33. Prods, vol. iii. p. 149. M. France (vol. ii. pp. 377, 378) wishes to discard all these sworn reports as to attacks on the modesty of Jeanne as mere propos de cloitre et de sacristie. But Jeanne had said enough when she said that " it was more lawful and con- venient for her to wear man's dress when among men." That actual violence had been successfully attempted is not to be credited, because of a later remark of her own ; for which, however, the evidence is in the posthumous proceedings, and because, in 1456, Ladvenu admits that this did not occur, though in 1450 he said that it did. P. 299, line 1. Proccs, vol. ii. p. 18. P. 299, line 7. Prods, vol. i. p. 462. P. 299, line 21. Prods, vol. i. pp. 459-467. P. 299, line 30. Prods, vol. i. p. 475. P. 300, line 4. Prods, vol. ii. p. 14. P. 300, line 17. Prods, vol. v. p. 427. P. 300, line 22. Prods, vol. i. p. 481 ; Toutmouille, 484 ; Loiselleur, vol. i. p. 484. M. France makes Ladvenu and de la Pierre come first, Loiselleur and Maurice later (France, vol. ii. pp. 382, 383). This is erroneous. P. 301, line 6. Maurice, Prods, vol. i. p. 480. P. 301, line 12. Prods, vol. i. pp. 484, 485. P. 301, line 31. Prods, vol. ii. pp. 3, 4. P. 301, line 34. Prods, vol. i. pp. 481, 482. P. 302, line 8. Prods, vol. i. p. 482. P. 302, line 10. Lowell, Joan of Arc, p. 336, note 2. P. 302, line 14. Prods, vol. i. p. 483. P. 302, line 20. Prods, vol. i. pp. 478, 479. P. 302, line 29. Prods, vol. i. p. 483. P. 302, line 34. Prods, vol. i. pp. 484, 4S5. P. 303, line 2. Prods, vol. i. pp. 484, 485. 24 370 NOTES P. 303, line 14. Apercus Nouveaux, pp. 140, 141. P. 304, line 7. Prods, vol. ii. p. 14. P. 305, line 11. Massieu, Prods, vol. ii. pp. 19, 334, vol. iii. pp. 114, 158, 159. P. 305, line 19. Riquier, Prods, vol. iii. p. 191. P. 305, line 26. Colles, Prods, vol. ii. p. 320. P. 306, line 2. Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le Prods, pp. 103, 104. P. 306, line 8. Prods, vol. iii. p. 55. P. 306, line 16. Fauquemberque, Prods, vol. iv. pp. 459, 460. P. 306, line 17. Prods, vol. i. p. 470. P. 306, line 27. Massieu, Prods, vol. ii. p. 19. M. Anatole France adds to the re- ported words of the Maid these: "She asked the pardon of her Judges, of the English, of King Henry, of the English Royal Princes," citing Prods, ii. 19, iii. 177 (France, vol. ii. p. 392). These texts contain nothing about the kings and princes. P. 306, line 31. De la Pierre, Prods, vol. ii. p. 6. P. 306, line 32. Massieu, Prods, vol. ii. p. 20. P. 306, line 34. Massieu, Prods, vol. ii. p. 20. P. 307, line 11. De la Chambre, Prods, vol. iii. p. 53; Marguerie, Prods, vol. iii. p. 185. P. 307, line 14. Ladvenu, Prods, vol. iii. p. 170, in answer to a special interrogation. P. 307, line 17. Bouchier, Prods, vol ii. p. 324; de la Chambre, Prods, vol. iii. p. 53 ; Massieu, Prods, vol. iii. p. 159. P. 307, line 20. This is attested by seventeen witnesses. P. 307, line 24. Massieu, Prods, vol. iii. pp. 159, 160 ; Marguerie, Prods, vol. iii. p. 185. INDEX Abjuration, of Jeanne, 282, 295. Angel, Jeanne pronounced "Angel of the Lord," 147. Armagnac, Bernard, 17. (Comte de) his letter to Jeanne, 197-198. Armagnacs, nickname of loyal French, 3. Armorial Bearings given to Jeanne's family, 221. Articles, XII, against Jeanne, criti- cised, 278-281. Artillery, English park of (1428), 65-66. Jeanne's skill in, 154. Augustins, capture of English fort of, 126-130. Auxerre, Jeanne at, 84, 173. people of, bribe La Tremoille, 173. Ayroles (R. P.)i °n story of Jeanne and Crown at Reims, 181. his theory that Jeanne might lawfully deny having confessed about her Voices, 268. Baretta (leader of a company), 228, 229, 237, 241. Basin, Thomas, on the King's secret, 88. Basle, Council of, 257. Jeanne wishes to appeal to, 275. Baudricourt, Robert de, Captain of Vaucouleurs, 26. relations with Jacques d'Arc, 58. approached by Jeanne, 59-62. refuses and then accepts Jeanne, 72-81. his story of Jeanne's three sons, 274. Bauge, battle of, 20. Beaufort (Cardinal), brings his Crusaders to attack France, 168. his troops enter Paris, he leaves, 191. weeps at Jeanne's martyrdom, 306. Beaugency, Talbot retires to, 143. taken by French, 159-168. Beaulieu, Jeanne in prison at, 245. Beaumarchais, Antoine de la Barre de, his view of Jeanne's "pious lunacy," 7. Beaupere (Jean) believed the Voices to be hallucinatory, 43. Beaupere on Jeanne's promise to abjure, 287-288. Beaurevoir, Jeanne's attempts to escape from, 248-249. Beauvais, Bishop of. See Cauchon. Bede,prophecy attributed to, 145, 308-311. Bedford, Duke of, Regent of France, 20-24. returns to France with an army ( 1427), 24. disapproves of attack on Orleans, 65. quarrels with Burgundy, 94. demands reinforcements for siege of Orleans (April 1429), 96. angry with Fastolf, 166-167. reconciled with Burgundy, 168. his evidence to the importance of Jeanne, 185. anxiety of, 191. takes the offensive, 1 91-193. his insulting letter to Charles, 193-194. entrusts Burgundy with command of Paris, 201. his estimate of Jeanne (in 1433), 210-211. Blois, Jeanne at, 11 2-1 13. Bois Chesnn confused with Merlin's Nemits Camitiim, 33-35. Boucher, Jacques, host of Jeanne at Orleans, 118. Boulainvilliers, Perceval de, letter on Jeanne, 28. on the Voices, 40-41. Bourbon, Charles de, cowardice of, at Rouvray, 91-93. Jacques de, his letter, 169. Bourges, Jeanne at, 214. people of, do not send money for siege of La Charite, 218. Brehal (Jean, Grand Inquisitor), declares Jeanne orthodox, 278. on Bede'sand other prophecies,3io-3ii. Bretagne, Due de, sends heralds to Jeanne, 171. Bruges, Italian news-letter from, 145. Bueil, Jean de, author of Lejouvencel, 65. on artillery and siege-works, 67-70. I Burey, village of, Jeanne at, 72-73. 371 37* INDEX Burgundy, Jean, Duke of, 1 6-18. Philippe, Duke of, 20. withdraws his forces from Orleans, 94-95- pleased by English disasters, 145. reconciled with Bedford, 168. dupes Charles vii, 187-190 et seq. entrusted by Bedford with command of Paris, 201. suggests plan of campaign (1430), 225- 227. opens siege of Compiegne, 235. letter on Jeanne's capture, 243. Cailly, Guy de, alleged to share a vision of Jeanne, I 17- 11 8. Catherine de la Rochelle, "a married Pucelle," unmasked by Jeanne, 219-220. Saint, of Fierbois, helps captives, 84-85. Jeanne's inspirer, passim. Cauchon (Pierre, Bishop of Beauvais), purchases Jeanne, is to be her Judge, 246-253. with Vice Inquisitor only Judge of Jeanne, 256. angry with Lohier, 259. refuses Jeanne the Mass, 261. had he the right to refuse counsel's aid to Jeanne ? 262. See notes, warned by Jeanne, 263. examines Jeanne in her cell, 267. offers Jeanne counsel, 273-274. refuses to record her appeal to Council of Basle, 275. tenderly exhorts her, 282. arranges public admonition, 283. takes opinion as to torturing Jeanne, 285. has no right to judge Jeanne, 288. his posthumous paper on her last hours, 296-304. Chalons, Jeanne at, 180. Champion, Pierre, on Jeanne's band, 227 ; on her triumph at Melun, 229. Charles VI, his career, 16-19. Charles VII, his early life, 17-24. handsome or hideous? Indolent or energetic? 19. on league with Scotland, 75. his first meeting with Jeanne, 86-90. his secret known to Jeanne, 87-90, 3I4-323- applauds Jeanne in dispatches, 144. enters Troyes, 180. his coronation, 183-186. desires to desert his campaign, 189 et seq. recalls Jeanne from Paris and abandons campaign, 209-211. ennobles family of Jeanne, 221. Charles vn acknowledges that he has been duped by Burgundy, 234. abandons Jeanne, 243-245. Chartier (Alain) on the King's secret, 87-88. Chartres, Regnault de {see Reims, Arch- bishop of), fatal to the Maid, 20. Chinon, Jeanne at, 82-98. Choisy le Bac taken by Burgundy, 235-236. Church, question of Jeanne's submission to, 271-281. Clairvoyance attributed to Jeanne, 62, 78, 79- of Jeanne, discovery of sword at Fierbois, 108-109. Clefmont, Barthelemy de, on the " hot trod," 53-54. Colet de Vienne, King's messenger, 79-81. Colette (Saint), compared to Jeanne, 14. at Moulins. Queer miracle attributed to her, 217. resurrection caused by her, 231. Commercy, Damoiseau of, levies black- mail, 51-52. Compiegne comes over to France. Treaty of, 196. centre of resistance to Anglo- Burgundian campaign, 225-227. military situation of (May 1430), 234- 235- position of Anglo-Burgundians at, 238. capture of Jeanne at, 239-245. relief of, 245. Coronation of Charles VII, Jeanne's theory of, 3-4. at Reims, 183-186. Courcelles, Thomas de, Judge of Jeanne, on Loiselleur's treachery, 256. votes for torture of Jeanne, 257-258. Pius II on, 257-258. worms himself into Royal favour, 258. his oration in praise of Jeanne, 258. editor of Prods, 259. compared to Uriah Heep, 259. at Rehabilitation cannot remember much, 260. reads XII Articles against Jeanne, 274. condemns her, on strength of the Articles, 281. his name of blackest infamy, 285. evidence of, on June 7, 1430, 302. Coutes, Louis de, page of Jeanne, 90. on St. Loup, 124, 125. describes Jeanne at Pathay, 164-167. Cravant, battle of, 20. Crepy, Jeanne leaves, for Compiegne, 237. Crown, not made by hands, 4. curious anecdote of, at Reims, 181. Jeanne's alleged falsehoods about 3I4-323- INDEX 373 D'Alencon, Due de, prisoner at Verneuil, 23. witness to Jeanne's prophecy of her early end, 91. his first meeting with Jeanne, 97-98. his mother and wife, 149. in campaign of the Loire, 149-169. evidence of, to Jeanne's soldiership, 154. on siege of Jargeau, 156-158. describes Jeanne's meeting with Riche- mont, 160-164. with Jeanne at attack on Paris, 198-21 1. apparently not under fire at Paris, 205- 207. separated for ever from Jeanne, 212-214. D'Arc, Isabelle, called Romee, mother of the Maid, 26. her pilgrimage to Puy en Velay, no. pensioned by town of Orleans, 221. D'Arc, Jacques, his position in life, 27-32. his dream of Jeanne's departure, 27. rents Castle of the Isle, 51. relations with Baudricourt, 58. his jollity at Reims, 185. D'Aulon (Jean, equerry of Jeanne), his character, no-Hi. on capture of Augustins, 129-130. leads victorious attack on Tourelles, 137- 138. on Jeanne at St. Pierre le Moustier, 216-217. erroneous account of his debt to La Tremoille, 227. Cf. note on. captured with Jeanne, 240-241. with her in prison, 245. on alleged abnormal physique of, 327, 328. De Termes, evidence of, to Jeanne's soldiership, 154. Domremy, description of, 25-26. in time of war, 48-57. longevity of the people of, 50. burned (1428?), 63. Jeanne obtains immunity from taxation for, 189. Du Lys, name of family of d'Arc when ennobled, 221. Dumas, Dr. Georges, on Jeanne, S-13. thinks Jeanne sane, and destitute of clear ideas, 8. thinks Jeanne inspired by priests, 1 1, on her Voices and visions, 237, 238. Dunand (Chanoine) on English legend of Jeanne, vi. 293. on Abjuration, ix. and notes to pp. 290- 295. Dunois aids Orleans, 68. on the King's secret, 2&. wounded at Rouvray, 92-93. hears of coming of Jeanne, 94. Dunois on English superiority, 112. his first meeting with Jeanne, 1 14- 1 1 6. brings back army from Blois to Orleans, 122-126. describes Jeanne at the Tourelles, 136- 137- sounds the recall, 136. fails at Jargeau, 144-145. on Jeanne's account of her Council, 148-149. evidence of, to Jeanne's soldiership, 154. on Teanne as cause of march to Reims, 171. on energy of Jeanne at Troyes, 178. on Jeanne's desire to be at home, 192- 193- on Jeanne's predictions, 209. Ecstasy : no proof of ecstasy in Jeanne, 46. Embrun. See Gelu. Archbishop of, his rebuke of his King, 244-245. Engelida, forged prophecy of, 310-311. England, her artillery for siege of Orleans ; forces employed, 66-67. English, their treatment of Jeanne's herald and summons, 120-126. numbers of, at Orleans, 131-132 and passim. Erard, Guillaume, Assessor of Cauchon, friend of Machet, 257. Estivet, "promoter" of charges against Jeanne, 261. brutality to Jeanne, 263. renewed brutality to Jeanne, 264. draws up the Seventy Articles, 273. Fairies at Domremy, 32-38. Fastolf, Sir John, reinforces English at Orleans, 70. victorious at Rouvray, 92-93. bringing reinforcements to Jargeau, 157. joins forces with Talbot, 162. his flight from Pathay, 166. Fauquemberque confirms Jeanne's account of attack on Paris, 204-205. Fierbois, Jeanne at, chapel book of, 84-86. Fierbois, sword of, 108-109. story of its breaking, 210. not worn by Jeanne after Lagny, 230. Flavy, Guillaume de, holds Compiegne for France, 196. his precautions during sally of Jeanne, 239-241. Fontaine, de la, an assessor of Cauchon, 257. Fournier, awe of Vaucouleurs, hears Jeanne in confession, 74. exorcises her, 78. 374 INDEX France, national love of, 3. limits of, in 1429, 16. affairs of, in 1 427- 1 428, 17-24. Jeanne's devotion to, 30. M. Anatole, his criticisms, x-xii ; calls Jeanne a btguine, 7. on Jeanne in legend, 13. his Vie de Jeanne a" Arc cited, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14. on veracity of Jeanne, 42. on the King's secret, 90. on fables by Jeanne, 182, 315, 316. on Jeanne's departure from Sully, 227. For criticisms on his Vie de Jeanne d Arc, see notes, passim. Franciscans, Jeanne confesses to, 56. Franquet d' Arras, affair of, 229-230. Frauds in favour of Jeanne. See "Priests." Fronte, aire" of Domremy, 73« Gaucourt(Raoulde) on Jeanne's first meet- ing with Charles VI I, 87. opposes a sally from Orleans, 127. Gelu (Jacques, Archbishop of Embrun), his approval of Jeanne, 244. rebukes the King for deserting her, 146- 147. Germany, news-letters to, 14. Gerson, Jean, his favourable verdict on Jeanne, 146. Giac (favourite of Charles vn) slain, 22. Gien, base of army in march to Reims, 171-176. Giresme, Nicole de, his gallantry at the Tourelles, 139. Glasdale, William, commands in the Tour- elles, 69. summoned by Jeanne, 122, 125-126. Jeanne's pity for his death, 138-139. Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, 19-24. Grasset, or Gressart, Pierre de, Captain of La Charite, 215-216. Gray, John, gaoler of Jeanne, 252. Greux, village linked with Domremy, 25. church of, 63. Gruel (Chronicler) describes Jeanne's meet- ing with Richemont, 160-164. Hauviette, child-friend of Jeanne, 37, 72. Henry v, 17-19. Houppeville, Nicolas de, imprisoned for befriending Jeanne, 260. Hussites, Pasquerel's letter to, 224. Inquisitor, Vice, 256-268. Instruction, the evidence against Jeanne, never made public, 260. Isabelle (of Bavaria), 16-19. Italy, news-letters to, 14. James I (of Scotland), his promise of aid to France, 75. Jargeau, Suffolk retires to, 143. repulses Dunois, 144-145. taken by Jeanne and the French, 156- 159- Jeanne's Christmas at, 220. Jean sans Peur, his career and murder, 16-18, Jean, the Lorainer, famous marksman, 70-71, 129. Jeanne d'Arc, the Flower of Chivalry, 1. r hergenius and mission, 1— 15. * her conception of her mission, 3-4. » her task, her methods, 3-4. her foreknowledge of doom, 4. «^ her military qualities, 4-6. divines the weakness of English, 5. v" theories about her, 7-15. never mentioned her Voices in confession, 12-13. in legend, 13-15. compared with St. Colette, 14. disclaimed working miracles, 14. probable birthday of (January 6, 1412), 28. early associations of, 30-38. education of, 30-38. what she said of her Voices, 41-47. not an ecstatic, 46. not "dissociated," 47. •'"her early experience of war, 48-57. and Franciscans, 56. her devotion to Christ, 56-57. first approaches Baudricourt, 59-62. alleged clairvoyance of, 62. at Neufchateau, 63. at Toul, 6^. her litigious wooer, 63. second visit of, to Vaucouleurs, 72-91. on prophecy of a maid from Loraine marches, 73-74. encouraged by Jean de Novelonpont, 74-81. rejects hopes from Scotland, 75. her male dress, when first worn, 76. renounces plan of walking to Chinon, 76. at Nancy, 77. exorcised at Vaucouleurs, and why, 78- 79- sets out from Vaucouleurs, 81. at Chinon, 82-98. her beauty, evidence to, 82-83. at Fierbois, 84-85. enters Chinon, 85-86. foretells a death, 86. her first meeting with Charles VII, 86-90. receives a sign to convince the Dauphin, 89. her prophecy, she " will last a year," 91. INDEX 375 Jeanne d'Arc, meets d'Alencon, 97-98. her requests to the Dauphin, 97. examined by clergy at Poitiers, 99-106. her prophecies at Poitiers, 101. at Tours, 106-112. her armour, 107-108. *-her mystic sword, 108-109. ir her standard, III. cause of relief of Orleans, 112. at Blois, 1 1 2-1 1 3. «her plan of entering Orleans, 114- 117. her summons to the English, 120-126. *^her victories at Orleans, 120-140. saves lives of prisoners, 125. insulted by Glasdale, 125-126. discovers attempt to deceive her, 126-127. captures fort of Augustins, 127-130. her prophecy of her wound, 130. takes the Tourelles, 1 31-140. wounded at the Tourelles, 136. refuses to let her wound be charmed, 136. takes the Tourelles, 137-140. declines battle on May 8, 142-143. meets King at Tours, 146. spoken of as an Angel by Archbishop of Embrun, 147. «/ personal description of, by Guy de Laval, 1 50-151. *^her military qualities criticised, 152-155. takes Jargeau, 156-158. attacks English at Meun, 159. meets the Constable, Richemont, 160- 164. at victory of Pathay, 1 61-167. her pity of wounded at Pathay, 167. her insistence on march to Reims, 170- at Gien, her impatience there, 171- 173. her letter to people of Toumai, 172. wishes to attack Auxerre, 173. secures capitulation of Troyes, 173-180. "stupid: nothing like Madame d'Or," 176. meets Brother Richard at Troyes, 179— 180. meets Domremy men at Chalons, 180. story of Crown held by Archbishop of Reims, 181, 182, 183. her "fair manners" at the Coronation, 183-185. her letters to Burgundy, 187-188. insists on march to Paris, 189 et seq. obtains immunity from taxation for Domremy, 189. her letter to Reims ; she will keep the army together, 190-191. knows not the place of her death, 192. called "a disorderly woman" by Bedford, 193-194. Jeanne d'Arc, strikes the English palisades at Montepilloy, 195-196. her sorrow at Compiegne, 197. her letter to the Comte d'Armagnac, 197-198. moves against Paris, 198. from St. Denys, 199. undeceived when the politicians were duped, 200. her account of attack on Paris con- firmed, 203-206. wounded under walls of Paris, 206. accused of false prophecy at Paris and elsewhere, 207-209. recalled by the King from Paris, 209-21 1. estimate of her importance by Bedford, 210-211. cities won by her for France, 211. she is separated for ever from d'Alencon, 212-214. "^her simplicity and piety, 214. she has no objective after Paris, 214. sent to attack La Charite without money and supplies, 214-222. »^her strategy after Paris to straiten the capital by seizing adjacent towns, 215. official recognition of her leadership, 215-216. her victorious courage at St. Pierre le Moustier, 216-217. at Moulins, 217. charges brought against her conduct at La Charite, 218-219. unmasks Catherine de la Rochelle, 219- 220. foolish charge against her of being directed by Brother Richard, 220. her family ennobled, 221. alleged plot of Richemont to seize her, 222. her last visit to Orleans, 223. her money from the King, her charity, 223. her last letters to Reims, 223-225. Pasquerel's letter in her name to Hussites, 224. Burgundy's approval of her strategy, 225. leaves Sully for her last campaign, 227. why she rode to Lagny, 227. !- her unparalleled courage when her Voices foretell her capture, 229. victory and "miracle" of, at Lagny, 229-232. disclaims working miracles, 231. keeps her foreknowledge of her capture secret, 233. attacks Pont l'Eveque, 235-236. at Soissons, 236. leaves Crepy for Compiegne, 237. her fatal sally and capture, 238-241. 376 INDEX Jeanne d'Arc, surrendered to no man, 241. captivity before Trial, 24I-253. her attempt to escape from Beaulieu, 245 ; from Beaurevoir, her injuries, 248, 249. at Arras, 250. sold to the English, receives money from Tournai, 250. caged and ironed at Rouen, 251-253. refuses parole, 252-253. her Judges conscious liars and deliber- ate murderers, 261. summoned her Voices by prayer to God, 261. in what sense she took an oath, 262. her first illness in prison, 264. prophesies English loss of Paris, and of all France, 265. does not understand the Voices' prophecy of her end, 269. does not believe herself in mortal sin, 270. question of her submission to the Church, 271-281. her prophecy of Treaty of Arras, 272. Baudricourt's tale of her three sons to be born, 274. she will not submit matters of fact to the Church, 275. her appeal to Council of Basle not re- corded, 275. orthodoxy of, 277-278. not a premature Protestant, 281. her abjuration, 282 et seq. her second illness in prison, 283-284. her courage in face of torture, 284-287. on the night before her abjuration, 286-287. her conduct on day of abjuration, 288. abjuration, relapse, and martyrdom, 289-311. King's secret, evidence concerning, S7-90. supposed to be connected with a crown, 183, 3I4-323- La Charite, the King sends Jeanne to attack, without money and supplies, 214-222. strategic reasons for siege of, 215, 225- 227. La Colombiere, on a gold medal in honour of Jeanne, 183. La Hire, relieves Montargis (1429), 65. aids Orleans, 68. at Rouvray, 92-93. leads the van at Pathay, 164-167. takes Louviers, near Rouen, 222. La Tremoille, Georges de, 22, 64, 97, 98, 173, 196, 212, 215, 218, 221, 222, 227. Lagny, Jeanne rides to, 227. Jeanne's victory at, 229-230. story of dying child at, 230-232. Lassois, Durand, kinsman of Teanne, 59-62. with Jeanne at Vauconleurs and Nancy, 72-81. Laval, Guy de, pronounces Jeanne "all divine," 82. his letter describing Jeanne, 150-152. Le Jouvencel, military romance of 1460, 65. Le Maitre, Vice Inquisitor, a timid shave- ling, 255-256. Legend in relation to history of Jeanne, I3-I5- Legends of Jeanne's infancy, 34. Light seen by Jeanne not proof of hysteria, 42, 327. Loches, Jeanne at, her account of her Council, 148-149. Lohier, Jean, his opinion that Jeanne's Trial was illegal, 259. Loire, campaign of, 149-169. Loiselleur, Canon of Rouen, prison spy, judge of Jeanne, 256. approves of torturing Jeanne, 285. on her last hours, 299-304. Lorraine, Due de, and Jeanne, 77. Louis d'Orleans, his career and murder, 16-19. Louviers, taken by La Hire, 222. Luce, Simeon, on the youth of Teanne, 48-57- on prayer, 105. Luxembourg, Jean de, at Jeanne's capture, 239-241. sells Jeanne to the English, 251. Demoiselles de, their kindness to Jeanne, 247-251. Machet (confessor of Charles vii) ap- proves of Jeanne, 102. friend of Erard, who insults the King, 257. Mackenzie, Sir George of Rosehaugh, on trials for witchcraft in Scotland, 254. Macon, Robert le, has Jeanne consulted at Troyes, 178. Macy, Haimond de, his evidence as to Jeanne, 247-248. Madame d'Or as a rival to Jeanne, 176- 177. Manchon, clerk of Cauchon's court, 257. on Lohier's boldness, 259. does not remember evidence against Jeanne being read, objects to method of interrogations, 262-263. refuses to sign posthumous document, 300, 303. INDEX 377 Marguerite la Touroulde, her evidence as to Jeanne, 214. Marie d' Avignon, her dream, 33, 311. Massieu, Jean, says that Jeanne was re- fused an advocate, 261. Manchon, on the other hand, could not remember that Jeanne ever asked for counsel, on brutality of Estivet, 263. other evidence, 290-293, 299, 304. Maurice, Pierre, his sermon to Jeanne, 286-287. Maxey, pro-Burgundian village near Dom- remy, 25, 26, 30. Melun, comes over to French cause (April 1430), 226. prophecy of Voices at, 228. Merlin, his prophecy of a healing maid, 33-34- prophecies of, 145, 308-313. Meun attacked and taken, 159-168. Meuse, aspect of the river at Domremy, 25. Migiet (Prior of Longueville - Giffard) approves of XII Articles against Jeanne, 281. doubts her abjuration, 291, 292 (and notes). Miracles, Jeanne disclaimed working miracles, 14, 231. Montargis, relieved by Dunois, 65. Montepilloy, skirmishes at, 194-196. Montereau, murder of Jean sans Peur at, 18. Montrose (the great Marquis), his loyalty like that of Jeanne, 18-19. Moulins, Jeanne at, 217. Nancy, Jeanne at, 77. Neufchateau, Jeanne at, 63. Normandy, Jeanne opposed to campaign in (1429), 171. Novelonpont, Jean de, encourages Jeanne, . 74- rides with Jeanne to France, 81. suggests to Jeanne to wear male dress, 77- pays Jeanne's expenses to Chinon, 80. Ogiviller, Henri de, squire of Domremy, the lady of, 53. Orleans, Bastard of. See Dunois. Louis, Duke of, 16-18. siege of, begins (October 142S), 64. folly of English attack on, 65. first phase of siege of, 65-71. second phase of siege of, 91-96. Jeanne's arrival at, 113-119. Jeanne's victories at, 120-140. people of, burn the drawbridge of the Tourelles, 138-139. people of, send artillery to Jeanne, 156. Orleans, Jeanne's last visit to, 223. Charles, Due de, Jeanne's devotion to his cause, 72. Jeanne predicts his release, 101. presents from, to Jeanne, 158-159. Orly, Henri de, a reiver, 53. Paris, Jeanne predicts recovery of, 10 1. should have been attacked after Pathav. 167-168. wavering march on, 1 89- 193. attacked, failure of French there, 198- 211. anti-English conspiracy at, detected, 224 endangered in 1430, 225. University of, insists on Jeanne's pur- chase, 243. University of, condemns Jeanne, 285-286. Pasquerel (Jeanne's confessor) on a pre- diction of hers, 86. on the King's secret, 87. on Jeanne and Glasdale, 125-126. on her prophecy of her wound, 130. evidence of, as to Jeanne at the Tourelles, 136-138. writes in Jeanne's name to threaten Hussites, 224. Pathay, French victory at, 164-167. Philippe (le bon) Duke of Burgundy, 16, 18, 20, 94, 145, 168, 187, 188, 190, 196, 197, 201, 225-227, 235, 241, 242. Pierre, Isambart de la, on Jeanne's appeal to Council of Basle, 275. approves XII Articles against Jeanne, 281. J Pius 11 on theories about Jeanne, 9. his flattering account of Courcelles, 2^7- 258. D Poitiers, the Book of, 44. Jeanne examined at, 99-106. verdict of examiners at, 104-105. Pont l'Eveque, Jeanne attacks, 235-236. Pope, Jeanne appeals to, 277, 288. Poulengy, Bertrand de, his evidence as to Jeanne at Vaucouleurs, 6r. pays Jeanne's expenses to Chinon, 80. Priests, fraudulent, said to impose her mission on Jeanne, 9, 10, 1 1, 12, 97, 145. not confided in by Jeanne, 12-13. theory of Jeanne as tool of fraudulent (see notes), 9-13. Prods of 1 43 1, of 1 450- 1 456. Quoted pas si?) 1. Prophecies as to Jeanne. See "Bede," "Merlin,' : "Marie d'Avignon," and "Engelida." Pucelles, the so-called group of, 8. Puy en Velay, festival at, 109-1 10. 37« INDEX Quicherat, Jules, on the King's secret, 88- 89. pardons faults of youth in Courcelles, 258. on Jeanne's supernormal faculties, 329. Quoted passim. Rabuteau, host of Jeanne at Poitiers, 103. Raoul (Mathelin), Jeanne's fighting clerk, 197. Rehabilitation, Judges in, on Jeanne's orthodoxy, 277-278. Reims, importance of Consecration at, 3. ride to, and Coronation, 171- 1 86. Jeanne's letters to, 189-190. from Sully, 223-225. Reims, Archbishop of, fatal to the Maid, 20. proposes retreat from Troyes, 178. curious story of Jeanne and Crown of St. Louis, 181-182. tries to keep Coronation Medals, 183. his infamous desertion of Jeanne, 243- 244 Rene d'Anjou, 77, 209. Reuilly, Jeanne rests at, 117. Richard, Brother, said to direct Jeanne, 7-8. foolish enthusiast, 56. his absurdities at Troyes, 175-180. patronises Catherine de la Rochelle, 219- 220. Richemont, Arthur de, Constable, his politics, 21-24. desires to join army of Jeanne, 151. accounts of his meeting with Jeanne, 160-164. offers of service rejected, 170. his plot against La Tremoille, 222. Rings, of Jeanne, 56. Rogier, Jean, his account of affairs of Troyes and Reims, 174-180. Rouen, Jeanne brought to, 251-253. trial and death of Jeanne there, 254-307. Rouvray, Jeanne's clairvoyance of battle at, 78-79. battle of, 91-94. Royer, Henri and Katherine, hosts of Jeanne at Vaucouleurs, 72-81. Katherine, had heard prophecy of maid from marches of Loraine, 74- Rymer, errors in his Fcedera, 210, 211. Saintrailles, Poton de, aids Orleans, 68. at Rouvray, 91-93. his diplomacy, 94-95. fails at Jargeau, 144-145. with Jeanne at Pont l'Eveque, 235-236. relieves Compiegne, 245. Sala, Pierre, on the King's secret, 89, 321. Salisbury, Earl of, his forces for siege of Orleans, 66-68. his death, 69. Science (mediaeval), how it judged Jeanne, 2. (modern), on Jeanne, 8-13, 326-330. Scotland, hopes from, not believed in by Jeanne, 75. trials for witchcraft in, 254. Scots, at Bauge and Verneuil fights, 20. opposed to La Tremoille, 65. at Orleans and Rouvray, 91-94. in the Parisian conspiracy, 224. at Lagny, 229. Scott, Michael, miracles wrought for, 85. Sir Walter, on boring nature of minute historical inquiry, 73. Scottish archer, with portrait of Jeanne, 250. Secret, the King's, the Voices promise knowledge of it to Jeanne, 76. evidence concerning, 87-90, 314-324. Seguin, on Jeanne at Poitiers, 100-101. Sepet (Monsieur Marius) on Jeanne's appeal to Council of Basle, 276. Shakespeare, on beauty of Jeanne, 82. Shepherd, the stigmatic, his fate, 244. Sicily, Queen of, declares Jeanne a maiden, 103. Soissons betrayed, 236. St. Aignan (Patron of Orleans), miracles attributed to, 141. St. Catherine counsels Jeanne, 44-46. curious parallel of, with Jeanne, 209. St. Colette, miracle wrought by, 231. St. Denys, Jeanne attacks Paris from, 199. St. Loup, church of, 71. capture of, 123-125. St. Margaret, counsels Jeanne, 44-46. St. Michael, counsels Jeanne, 44-47. St. Nicholas, Jeanne's visit to two shrines of, 76-77. St. Pierre le Moustier, taken by tenacity of Jeanne, 216-217. St. Theresa, on her own visions, 325-326. Stafford, Earl of, threatens Jeanne with his dagger, 252. Standard of Jeanne, ill. at the Tourelles, 136-137. Stewart of Darnley, Sir John, 65. at Rouvray, 92-93. Stewart, William, at Rouvray, 91-93. Suffolk, Earl of, retires to Jargeau, 143. surrenders at Jargeau, 157-158. Sully, Jeanne's last visit to, 223. Jeanne leaves for her last campaign, 227. Sword, Jeanne's first, the gift of Baudri- court, 81. Sword of Fierbois, 108-109. story that Jeanne broke it apparently erroneous, 210. Jeanne does not wear, after Lagny, 230. INDEX 379 Talbot reinforces Glasdale, 69. his tactics at Orleans, 131-133. retires to Beaugency, 143. his insistence on fighting, 162. captured at Pathay, 166. Talbot, William, gaoler of Jeanne, 253. Termes (Thibaud de) on Jeanne's soldier- ship, 154. Torture, proposal to torture Jeanne, 284- 287. Toul, Jeanne visits, 63. Tourelles taken by English, 69. the taking of, by the French, 131- 140. Tournai, Jeanne's letter to people of, 172. sends money to Jeanne in prison, 230. Tours, Jeanne at, 106-112. Jeanne meets King at, 146. Treaty of Arras, Jeanne's prediction of, 272. Tremoille, Georges de la. See La Tremoille. Varanius (Valeran) does Courcelles' panegyric of Jeanne into Latin verse, 258. Vaucouleurs, its situation, 26. Jeanne's first visit to, 58-64. attacked, 63. to be surrendered, 80. Jeanne's second visit to, 72-81. Vend6me, Louis de Bourbon, Comte de, introduces Jeanne to the Court, 86. Vergy, Antoine de, marches against Vaucouleurs, 62, 63. Verneuil, battle of, 20. Viriville, Vallet de, thinks Jeanne one of a "group" of visionary " Pucelles," 7-8. his theory of the King's secret, 90. on Madame d'Or, as a Pucelle, 177. Voices, never mentioned by Jeanne in con- fession, 12-13. come to Jeanne, 39-47. began four or five years before 1429, 43. literary hypothesis that for long they only gave moral advice, 43. connected with silence of woods or sound of bells? Heard in all cir- cumstances, 47. warn Jeanne of fighting at St. Loup, 123-124. promise knowledge of the King's secret, 76. appear to suggest no objective after September 1429, 214 et seq. warn Jeanne of her capture, 228. Jeanne disobeys at Beaurevoir, 248-249. summoned by Jeanne through prayer to God, 261. their over-true prophecy of Jeanne's end, 269. with her to the last, 282-307. theories about, 327-330. Warwick, Earl of, chief gaoler of Jeanne, his history, 253. his determination to burn Jeanne, 265. Windecke, Eberhard, on Jeanne, 146. Witchcraft, trials for, in Scotland, 254.

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