Joan of Arc - Maid of Heaven

The Life of Joan of Arc
By Anatole France
FOOTNOTES VOLUME 2

[1] Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 323, 324. Perceval de Cagny, pp. 160, 161. Journal du siège, p. 115. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 98. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 196.

[2] Ordonnances des rois de France, vol. ix, p. 71. H. Martin and Lacroix, Histoire de la ville de Soissons, Soissons, 1837, in 8vo, ii, pp. 283 et seq.

[3] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 53, passim.

[4] Ibid., p. 103.

[5] Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 323, 324. Perceval de Cagny, p. 160. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 339.

[6] Suret is sour wine (W.S.).

[7] C. Dormay, Histoire de la ville de Soissons, Soissons, 1664, vol. ii, pp. 382 et seq. H. Martin and Lacroix, Histoire de Soissons, vol. ii, p. 319. Pécheur, Annales du diocèse de Soissons, vol. iv, p. 513. Félix Brun, Jeanne d'Arc et le capitaine de Soissons en 1430, Soissons, 1904, p. 34.

[8] Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 49, 50. Le P. Daniel, Histoire de la milice française, vol. i, p. 356. Félix Brun, Jeanne d'Arc et le capitaine de Soissons, pp. 26, 39.

[9] De l'Epinois, Notes extraites des archives communales de Compiègne, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, vol. xxix, p. 483. Sorel, Prise de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 101, 102.

[10] Perceval de Cagny, p. 160. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 340.

[11] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 340. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 323. Félix Bourquelot, Histoire de Provins, Provins, vol. iv, pp. 79 et seq. Th. Robillard, Histoire pittoresque topographique et archéologique de Crécy-en-Brie, 1852, p. 42. L'Abbé C. Poquet, Histoire de Château-Thierry, 1839, vol. i, pp. 290 et seq.

[12] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 160, 161.

[13] Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 324, 325. Journal du siège, p. 115. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 98, 99. Perceval de Cagny, p. 161. Rymer, Fœdera, June to July, 1429. Proceedings, vol. iii, pp. 322 et seq. Morosini, vol. iv, appendix xvii.

[14] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 98. Varin, Archives législatives de la ville de Reims, Statuts, vol. i (annot. according to doc. no. xxi), p. 741. H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, original doc. no. 19, p. 118.

[15] Perceval de Cagny, p. 160.

[16] This place name is not to be found in Rogier's copy.

[17] Trial, vol. v, pp. 139, 140, and Varin, loc. cit. Statuts, vol. i, p. 603, according to Rogier's copy. H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, proofs and illustrations, vol. xiv, pp. 104, 105, and facsimile of the original copy formerly in the Reims municipal archives, now in the possession of M. le Comte de Maleissye.

[18] Trial, vol. i, pp. 233, 234.

[19] Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 202, 203, note 2.

[20] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 325. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 99, 100. Journal du siège, pp. 119, 120. Gilles de Roye, p. 207.

[21] Trial, vol. iii, p. 91.

[22] Guerre de la Hottée de Pommes, cf. vol. i, p. 92. (W.S.)

[23] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaut de Metz in D. Calmet. Histoire de Lorraine, vol. v, orig. docs., cols, xli-xlvii. Villeneuve-Bargemont, Précis historique de la vie du roi René, Aix, 1820, in 8vo. Lecoy de la Marche, Le roi René, Paris, 1875, 2 vols. in 8vo. Vallet de Viriville, in Nouvelle biographie générale, 1866, xli, pp. 1009-1015.

[24] Trial, vol. ii, p. 444. S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, p. cxcix. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 156, note 3.

[25] Trial, vol. v, pp. 105-111.

[26] Chronique de la Pucelle, Jean Chartier. Journal du siège, loc. cit.

[27] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 340, 344.

[28] Perceval de Cagny, p. 161. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 100. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 325.

[29] Varin, Archives législatives de la ville de Reims, Statuts, vol. i, p. 742.

[30] Perceval de Cagny, p. 161.

[31] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 14, 15. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 326.

[32] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 164.

[33] Thomas Basin, Histoire de Charles VII, chap. vi. A. Tuetey, Les écorcheurs sous Charles VII, Montbéliard, 1874, 2 vols. in 8vo, passim. H. Lepage, Épisodes de l'histoire des routiers en Lorraine (1362-1446), in Journal d'archéologie lorraine, vol. xv, pp. 161 et seq. Le P. Denifle, La désolation des églises, passim. H. Martin et Lacroix, Histoire de Soissons, p. 318, passim. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, Épisodes de l'invasion anglaise. La guerre de partisans dans la Haute Normandie (1424-1429), in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, vol. liv, pp. 475-521; vol. lv, pp. 258-305; vol. lvi, pp. 432-508.

[34] Pardon issued by King Henry VI to an inhabitant of Noyant, in Stevenson, Letters and Papers, vol. i, pp. 23, 31. F. Brun, Jeanne d'Arc et le capitaine de Soissons, note iii, p. 41.

[35] Stevenson, Letters and Papers, vol. i, pp. 23, 31.

[36] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 170, 171. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 96. Livre des trahisons, pp. 167, 168.

[37] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 170. According to Monstrelet (vol. iv, p. 96), Denis de Vauru, the Bastard's cousin, was beheaded in the Market of Paris.

[38] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 14, 15. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 326.

[39] Eberhard Windecke, pp. 108, 109, 188, 189.

[40] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 14, 15. It is Dunois who is giving evidence, and the text runs: In custodiendo oves ipsorum, cum sorore et fratribus meis, qui multum gauderent videre me. But there is reason to believe she had only one sister, whom she had lost before coming into France. As for her brothers, two of them were with her. Dunois' evidence appears to have been written down by a clerk unacquainted with events. The hagiographical character of the passage is obvious.

[41] Trial, vol. ii, p. 423.

[42] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 51, 66.

[43] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 340, 344.

[44] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 342.

[45] Ibid., pp. 342, 343.

[46] Georges Chastellain, fragments published by J. Quicherat in La Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 1st series, vol. iv, p. 78.

[47] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 341, 342.

[48] Trial, vol. ii, p. 324; vol. iii, p. 130. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 388.

[49] Trial, vol. iii, p. 99.

[50] Ibid., vol. iv, pp. 206, 406, 444, 470, 472. Rymer, Fœdera, vol. iv, p. 141. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La panique anglaise.

[51] Trial, vol. i, pp. 246, 298. Letter from Alain Chartier in Trial, vol. v, pp. 131 et seq.

[52] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 344, 345. Perceval de Cagny, pp. 161, 162.

[53] Flammermont, Histoire de Senlis pendant la seconds partie de la guerre de cent ans (1405-1441), in Mémoires de la Société de l'Histoire de Paris.

[54] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 101, 102. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 328. Journal du siège, p. 118. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 453. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 188, 189; vol. iv, appendix xvii. Rymer, Fœdera, July, 1429. Raynaldi, Annales ecclesiastici, pp. 77, 88. S. Bougenot, Notices et extraits de manuscrits intéressant l'histoire de France conservés a la Bibliothèque impérial de Vienne, p. 62.

[55] Now, come forth Beauty (W.S.). Le Livre des trahisons de France, ed. Kervyn de Lettenhove, in La collection des chroniques belges, 1873, p. 198.

[56] Perceval de Cagny, p. 162. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 102. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 329. Journal du siège, pp. 119, 120.

[57] Perceval de Cagny, p. 161.

[58] Le Jouvencel, passim.

[59] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 329. Journal du siège, p. 121.

[60] Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, p. 35.

[61] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 346.

[62] Perceval de Cagny, p. 162.

[63] Jean Chartier, Chronique de la Pucelle. Journal du siège. Monstrelet, loc. cit.

[64] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 332. Perceval de Cagny, p. 165. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 106. Cochon, p. 457. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La panique anglaise, Paris, 1894, in 8vo, pp. 10, 11. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 215, note 3. Ch. de Beaurepaire, De l'administration de la Normandie sous la domination anglaise aux années 1424, 1425, 1429, p. 62 (Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie, vol. xxiv).

[65] A virelay was a later variation of the lay, differing from it chiefly in the arrangement of the rhymes (W.S.).

[66] Le Roux de Lincy and Tisserand, Paris et ses historiens, pp. 426 et seq.

[67] A winged stag (le cerf-volant) is the symbol of a king. Froissart thus explains its origin. Before setting out for Flanders, in 1382, Charles VI dreamed that his falcon had flown away. "Thē apered sodenly before hym a great hart with wynges whereof he had great joye." And the hart bore him to his lost bird. Froissart, Bk. II, ch. clxiv. [The Chronycle of Syr John Froissart translated by Lord Berners, vol. iii, p. 339, Tudor Translation, 1901.] (W.S.) According to Juvénal des Ursins, Charles VI, in 1380, met in the Forest of Senlis a stag with a golden collar bearing this inscription: Hoc me Cæsar donavit (Paillot, Parfaite science des armoiries, Paris, 1660, in fo., p. 595). In the works of Eustache Deschamps this same allegory is frequently employed to designate the king. (Eustache Deschamps, œuvres, ed. G. Raynaud, vol. ii, p. 57.)

[68] Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 66, 67.

[69] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 133, 338, 340 et seq.; vol. iv, pp. 305, 480; vol. v, p. 12.

[70] Trial, vol. v, pp. 3 et seq. R. Thomassy, Essai sur les écrits politiques de Christine de Pisan, suivi d'une notice littéraire et de pièces inédites, Paris, 1838, in 8vo.

[71] Du beau jardin des nobles fleurs de lis.

[72] M. Pierre Champion has kindly communicated to me the text of this unpublished ballad, which he discovered in a French MS. at Stockholm, LIII, fol. 238. This is the title which the copyist affixed to it about 1472: Ballade faicte quant le Roy Charles VIIeme fut couronne a Rains du temps de Jehanne daiz dicte la Pucelle.

[73] P. Meyer, Ballade contre les Anglais (1429), in Romania, xxi (1892), pp. 50, 52.

[74] Arrière, Englois coués, arrière! For Coués see vol. i, p. 22, note 2.

[75]

Par le vouloir dou roy Jésus
Et Jeanne la douce Pucelle.

[76] For the legend cf. Merlin, roman en prose du XIIIe siècle, ed. G. Paris and J. Ulrich, 1886, 2 vols. in 8vo, introduction. Premier volume de Merlin, Paris, Vérard, 1498, in fol. Hersart de la Villemarqué, Myrdhin ou l'enchanteur Merlin, son histoire, ses œuvres, son influence, Paris, 1862, in 12mo. La Borderie, Les véritables prophéties de Merlin; examen des poèmes bretons attribués à ce barde, in Revue de Bretagne, vol. liii (1883). D'Arbois de Jubainville, Merlin est il un personnage réel ou les origines de la légende de Merlin, in Revue des questions historiques, vol. v (1868), pp. 559, 568.

[77] Trial, vol. iii, p. 340. Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations, p. 402.

[78] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 344, 345.

[79] Philippe de Bergame, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 523; vol. v, pp. 108, 120.

[80] Trial, vol. iii, p. 100. Philippe de Bergame, De claris mulieribus, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 323. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 271. Perceval de Boulainvilliers, Lettre au duc de Milan, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 119, 120.

[81] J. Bréhal, in Trial, vol. iii, p. 345.

[82] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 328. Journal du siège, p. 18. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 106. Perceval de Cagny, pp. 163, 164. Morosini, pp. 212, 213. Flammermont, Senlis pendant la seconde période de la guerre cent ans, in Mémoires de la Société de l'Histoire de Paris, vol. v, 1878, p. 241.

[83] Perceval de Cagny, p. 164. Monstrelet, p. 352. De l'Epinois, Notes extraites des archives communales de Compiègne, pp. 483, 484. A. Sorel, Séjours de Jeanne d'Arc à Compiègne, maisons ou elle a logé en 1429 et 1430, Paris, 1889, in 8vo, 20 pages.

[84] French attournés, cf. La Curne, attournés, Godefroi, atornés, magistrates at Compiègne, elected on St. John the Baptist's Day for three years (W.S.). Procès, vol. v, p. 174.

[85] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 331. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 106. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc devant Compiègne, Paris, 1889, in 8vo, pp. 117, 118. Duc de la Trémoïlle, Les La Trémoïlle pendant cinq siècles, Nantes, 1890, in 4to, vol. i, pp. 185, 212. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, capitaine de Compiègne, Paris, 1906, in 8vo, proofs and illustrations, vol. xiii, p. 137.

[86] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 327. Journal du siège, p. 118. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 106. Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 353, 354. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 214, 215.

[87] A. Sarrazin, Pierre Cauchon, juge de Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1901, in 8vo, pp. 49 et seq.

[88] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 354.

[89] A. Sorel, Séjours de Jeanne d'Arc à Compiègne, p. 6.

[90] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 164, 165. Chronique de Tournai, vol. iii, in the Recueil des chroniques de Flandre, ed. Smedt, p. 414.

[91] Trial, vol. i, pp. 82, 83.

[92] Ibid., pp. 245, 246.

[93] A. Longnon, Les limites de la France et l'étendue de la domination anglaise à l'époque de la mission de Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1875, in 8vo. Vallet de Viriville, in Nouvelle biographie générale, iii, col. 255, 257.

[94] Chronique de Mathieu d'Escouchy, vol. i, p. 68, and proofs and illustrations, pp. 126, 128, 139, 140. Dom Vaissette, Histoire générale du Languedoc, vol. iv, pp. 469, 470. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 151. Vallet de Viriville, in Nouvelle biographie générale, 1861, vol. iii, pp. 255-257. Le P. Ayroles, La vierge guerrière, p. 66.

[95] Annales juris pontificis (1872-1875), vii, 385. E. Muntz, La tiare pontificale du VIIIe au XVIe siècle in Mem. Acad. Inscript. et Belles Lettres, vol. xxvi, I, pp. 235-324, fig. Les arts à la cour des papes pendant les XVe et XVIe siècles, in Bibl. des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et Rome, vol. iv.

[96] Baluze, Vitæ paparum Avenionensium, 1693, I, pp. 1182 et seq. Fabricius, Bibliotheca medii ævi, 1734, I, p. 1109.

[97] Cf. vol. i, p. 337 (W.S.).

[98] According to Le Maire, Histoire et antiquités de la ville et duché d'Orléans, p. 197, this request is addressed to "Jeanne the Maid, greatly to be honoured and most devout, sent by the King of Heaven for the restoration, and for the extirpation of the English who tyrannize over France." Trial, vol. v, p. 253. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 131.

[99] Noël Valois, La France et le grand schisme d'Occident, vol. iv (1902), in 8vo, passim.

[100] Trial, vol. i, p. 82.

[101] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 466, 467.

[102] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 245, 246.

[103] Trial, vol. i, p. 83.

[104] Perceval de Cagny, p. 165. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 331. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 106. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 212, 213. The accounts of Hémon Raguier, in the Trial, vol. iv, p. 24.

[105] Trial, vol. ii, p. 450.

[106] So called because stamped with the picture of the Annunciation and bearing the inscription: Salus populi suprema lex est; the coin was worth about £1 of our money (W.S.).

[107] Trial, vol. i, p. 104. Extracts from the 13th account of Hémon Raguier, in Trial, vol. v, p. 267. E. Dupuis, Jean Fouquerel, évêque de Senlis, in Mémoires du comité archéologique de Senlis, 1875, vol. i, p. 93. Vatin, Combat sous Senlis entre Charles VII et les Anglais, in Comité archéologique de Senlis, Comptes rendus et mémoires, 1866, pp. 41, 54.

[108] Trial, vol. i, p. 264.

[109] Perceval de Cagny, p. 165. The 25th according to Le journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 243.

[110] J. Doublet, Histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Denys en France, contenant les antiquités d'icelle, les fondations, prérogatives et privileges, Paris, 1625, 2 vol. in 4to, vol. i, ch. xx and xxiv. Des Rues, Les antiquités, fondations et singularités des plus célèbres villes, pp. 84, 85.

[111] J. Doublet, Histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Denys, vol. i, ch. xxxi, xxxiv.

[112] Cf. vol. i, p. 182 (W.S.).

[113] Thomassin, Registre Delphinal, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 304. See Du Cange, Glossaire under the word Auriflamme.

[114] J. Doublet, Histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Denys, vol. i, ch. xxii. D. Michel Félibien, Histoire de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denys en France, Paris, in folio, 1706, pp. 229, 320. Vallet de Viriville, Notice du manuscrit de P. Cochon, at the end of La chronique de la Pucelle, p. 360. Chronique de Du Guesclin, ed. Francisque-Michel, pp. 452 et seq.

[115] Trial, vol. v, pp. 107, 109.

[116] D. M. Félibien, op. cit., ch. ii, pp. 528 et seq. Illustrations. J. Doublet, op. cit., vol. i, ch. xliii, xlvi. Trial, vol. iii, p. 301. Gallia Christiana, vol. vii, col. 142.

[117] Religieux de Saint-Denis, pp. 154, 156, 226.

[118] Estienne Binet, La vie apostolique de saint Denys l'Aréopagite, patron et apostre de la France, Paris, 1624, in 12mo. J. Doublet, Histoire chronologique pour la vérité de Saint Denys l'Aréopagite, apôtre de France et premier évêque de Paris, Paris, 1646, in 4to, and Histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Denys en France, p. 95. J. Havet, Les origines de Saint-Denis, in Les Questions mérovingiennes.

[119] Trial, vol. i, p. 179.

[120] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 179, note 5.

[121] Ibid., pp. 101, 209, note 1.

[122] Ibid., pp. 241, 242. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 354.

[123] Trial, vol. i, p. 103.

[124] Ibid., p. 304. Noël Valois, Un nouveau témoignage sur Jeanne d'Arc, in Annuaire-bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de France, Paris, 1907, in 8vo, separate issue, pp. 17, 18.

[125] Trial, vol. i, p. 236.

[126] Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, p. 281.

[127] Trial, vol. iii, p. 81.

[128] Perceval de Cagny, p. 166.

[129] Ibid., p. 166.

[130] Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 112. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 404, 408. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 192; vol. iv, appendix xviii.

[131] Trial, vol. v, p. 140.

[132] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 332. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 106. P. Cochon, p. 457. Perceval de Cagny, p. 165.

[133] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 352, 353. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 247, 248. D. Félibien, Histoire de Paris, vol. ii, p. 813, and proofs and illustrations, vol. iv, p. 591. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 208, 209, 224, note 2; vol. iv, appendix xviii, pp. 343, 344.

[134] Cf. vol. i, p. 34, note 3 (W.S.).

[135] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, ch. vii. La diplomatie de Charles VII jusqu'au traité d'Arras.

[136] Perceval de Cagny, p. 166.

[137] Le Roux de Lincy, Hugues Aubriot, prévôt de Paris sous Charles V, Paris, 1862, in 8vo, passim. Paris et ses historiens au XIVe et XVe siècle by Le Roux de Lincy and Tisserand, Paris, in fol. [Histoire générale de Paris.]

[138] Delamare, Traité de la police, Paris, 1710, in folio, vol. i, p. 79. A. Bonnardot, Dissertation archéologique sur les enceintes de Paris, suivie de recherches sur les portes fortifiées qui dépendaient des enceintes de Paris, 1851, in 4to, with plan. Études archéologiques sur les anciens plans de Paris, 1853, in 4to. Appendice aux études archéologiques sur les anciens plans de Paris et aux dissertations sur les enceintes de Paris, Paris, 1877, in 4to. Étude sur Gilles Corrozet, suivie d'une notice sur un manuscrit de la Bibliothèque des ducs de Bourgogne, contenant une description de Paris, en 1432, par Guillebert de Metz, Paris, 1846, in 8vo, 56 pages. Kausler, Atlas des plus mémorables batailles, Carlsruhe, 1831, pl. 34. H. Legrand, Paris en 1380, with plan conjecturally reconstructed, Paris in fol. 1868, p. 58. A. Guilaumot, Les Portes de l'enceinte de Paris sous Charles V, Paris, 1879. Rigaud, Chronique de la Pucelle, campagne de Paris, cartes et plans, Bergerac, 1886, in 8vo.

[139] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 180.

[140] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 189.

[141] Ibid., pp. 136, 137.

[142] Ibid., p. 107. Document inédit relatif à l'état de Paris en 1430, in Revue des sociétés savantes, 1863, p. 203.

[143] Christine de Pisan, in Trial, vol. v, stanza 56, p. 20. Le Roux de Lincy and Tisserand, Paris et ses historiens, p. 426.

[144] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 251. A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise (1420-1436), documents extraits des registres de la chancellerie de France, Paris, 1877, in 8vo, introduction, p. xiij. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 116, note 1.

[145] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 248. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 297. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 79, note.

[146] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 257. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 453. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 198.

[147] Journal du siège, p. 38. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 106, 107. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 454.

[148] See vol. i, p. 222, note 2 (W.S.).

[149] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 239, note 2. Le Roux de Lincy and Tisserand, Paris et ses historiens, pp. 340 et seq.

[150] 14th July, 1429, Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 240, 241. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 240. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 186.

[151] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 241.

[152] Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 356.

[153] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 242.

[154] Ibid., p. 243.

[155] Rymer, Fœdera, May. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 332. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 355. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 106, 107. Wallon, Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i, p. 290, note 1. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La panique anglaise, p. 9. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 216, note 5; vol. iv, appendix xviii.

[156] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 243.

[157] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 243. Perceval de Cagny, p. 166. Chronique des cordeliers, folio, 486 verso.

[158] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 243.

[159] Ibid., pp. 243, 244.

[160] Cf. ante, p. 45, note 2 (W.S.).

[161] Register of the Deliberations of the Chapter of Notre Dame (Arch. Nat., LL, 716, pp. 173, 174), in Le journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, loc. cit. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iii, pp. 530, 531, proofs and illustrations, J, p. 639. Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Le procès de Jeanne d'Arc et l'université de Paris, Nogent-le-Rotrou, 1898, in 8vo.

[162] Register of the Deliberations of the Chapter of Notre Dame, in Tuetey, notes to Le Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 241, note 1. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 456. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iii, proofs and illustrations, p. 640.

[163] Register of the Deliberations of the Chapter of Notre Dame, loc. cit. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 332. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 244. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 354. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, ed. Coustelier, vol. i, p. 113. Perceval de Cagny, p. 166. Chronique des cordeliers, folio, 486 verso. Le P. Ayroles, La vrai Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iii, p. 531.

[164] Voragine, Legenda Aurea. Anquetil, La nativité, miracle extrait de la légende dorée, in Mem. Soc. Agr. de Bayeux, 1883, vol. x, p. 286. Douhet, Dictionnaire des mystères, 1854, p. 545.

[165] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 166, 168. Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 333, 334. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 107, 109. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 456, 458. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 244, 245. Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 486 verso. P. Cochon, ed. Beaurepaire, p. 307. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 210.

[166] Gaguin, Hist. Francorum, Frankfort, 1577, book viii, chap. ii, p. 158. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition en France, p. 121. Lea, History of the Inquisition in the Middle Age, vol. ii, p. 126. (The Turlupins were a German sect who called themselves "the Brethren of the Free Spirit." W.S.)

[167] Perceval de Cagny, p. 161. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 120, note 1. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, Un détail du siège de Paris, par Jeanne d'Arc, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, vol. xlvi, 1885, pp. 5 et seq.

[168] Deliberation of the Chapter of Notre Dame, loc. cit. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 245. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 457.

[169] Trial, vol. i, pp. 240, 246, 298; vol. iii, pp. 425, 427; vol. v, pp. 97, 107, 130, 140.

[170] Ibid., pp. 57, 146, 168, 250.

[171] Ibid., vol. v, p. 130 (letter of the 17th of July, 1429), vol. i, p. 298. "Et hoc sciebar per revelationem." Cf. vol. i, pp. 57, 260, 288 in contradiction.

[172] Journal du siège, p. 89.

[173] Trial, vol. i, pp. 147, 148.

[174] In 1254 Saint Louis founded this hospital for three hundred blind knights whose eyes had been put out by the Saracens. (W.S.)

[175] Le Roux de Lincy and Tisserand, Paris et ses historiens, pp. 205 and 231, note 4. Adolphe Berty, Topographie historique du vieux Paris, région du Louvre et des Tuileries, p. 180, and app. vi, p. ix. E. Eude, L'attaque de Jeanne d'Arc contre Paris, 1429, in Cosmos, nouv. série, xxix (1894), pp. 241, 244.

[176] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 246.

[177] Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 332, 333. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 108.

[178] Perceval de Cagny, p. 167.

[179] Trial, vol. i, p. 148.

[180] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 245.

[181] Le Jouvencel, vol. i, p. 67.

[182] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 333. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 109. Journal du siège, p. 127. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, ed. Coustelier, 1724, vol. i, p. 113.

[183] Perceval de Cagny, p. 167. Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 355, 356. Morosini, vol. iii, note 3. E. Eude, L'attaque de Jeanne d'Arc contre Paris, in Cosmos, 22 Sept., 1894, vol. xxix. P. Marin, Le génie militaire de Jeanne d'Arc, in Grande revue de Paris et de Saint-Pétersbourg, 2nd year, vol. i, 1889, p. 142.

[184] Trial, vol. i, pp. 57, 246. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 245. Deliberations of the Chapter of Notre Dame, loc. cit. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 457. Perceval de Cagny, Jean Chartier, Journal du siège, Monstrelet, Morosini, loc. cit.

[185] Trial, vol. i, p. 298.

[186] Trial, vol. i, p. 111, 273. Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 50. F. Brun, Jeanne d Arc et le capitaine de Soissons, pp. 31 et seq.

[187] Trial, vol. i, p. 57.

[188] The oath "Par mon martin" (by my staff) is an invention of the scribe who wrote the Chronicle which is attributed to Perceval de Cagny, p. 168.

[189] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 334. Journal du siège, p. 128. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 109. Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 355, 356.

[190] Deliberation of the Chapter of Notre Dame, loc. cit.

[191] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 245.

[192] Le Jouvencel, vol. i, p. 142.

[193] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 245, 246.

[194] For the opinions of the townsfolk of Paris, see various acts of Henry VI of the 18th and 25th of Sept., 1429 (MS. Fontanieu, 115). Sauval, Antiquités de Paris, vol. iii, p. 586 and circ.

[195] A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise, p. 302.

[196] Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 456, 458.

[197] Relation du greffier de La Rochelle, p. 344.

[198] Chronique de Normandie, in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 342, 343.

[199] Perceval de Cagny, p. 168.

[200] Ibid. Chronique normande, in La chronique de la Pucelle, p. 465. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 120, note 1.

[201] Duchesne, Histoire de la maison de Montmorency, p. 232. Perceval de Cagny, p. 168. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 118, 119.

[202] G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, Un détail du siège de Paris, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, vol. xlvi, 1885, p. 12.

[203] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 168, 169. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 219, note 4. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 120, note 1. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, Un détail du siège de Paris, loc. cit.

[204] Diminutive of amie (W.S.).

[205] Eberhard Windecke, pp. 184, 186.

[206] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 90.

[207] Trial, vol. iii, p. 73.

[208] Ibid., p. 99.

[209] Ibid., vol. i, p. 76.

[210] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 90.

[211] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 122, 123.

[212] Perceval de Cagny, p. 169. Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 335 et seq. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 112 et seq. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 356. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 246. Berry in Trial, vol. iv, p. 48. Gilles de Roye, p. 208.

[213] Trial, vol. i, p. 260.

[214] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 109. Perceval de Cagny, p. 170. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, vol. i, p. 114. Jacques Doublet, Histoire de l'abbaye de Saint-Denys, pp. 13, 14.

[215] La Curne, at the word Blanc: white armour was worn by squires, gilded armour by knights. Bouteiller, in his Somme Rurale, refers to the "harnais doré" (gilded armour) of the knights. Cf. Du Tillet, Recueil des rois de France, ch. Des chevaliers, p. 431. Du Cange, Observations sur les établissements de la France, p. 373.

[216] Trial, vol. i, p. 179.

[217] Journal du siège, p. 130. Perceval de Cagny, pp. 170, 171. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 246, 247. Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 79. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 219.

[218] Trial, vol. iii, p. 86. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 265. P. Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, avec des documents et des éclaircissements inédits, Paris, 1892, in 12mo, chap. vi.

[219] Trial, vol. iii, p. 85, note 1. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i, p. 418, note 7.

[220] Trial, vol. iii, p. 85.

[221] Ibid., pp. 81, 86.

[222] Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, pp. 72, 73.

[223] "In balneo et stuphis." Trial, vol. iii, p. 88.

[224] L'amant rendu cordelier à l'observance d'amour; poem attributed to Martial d'Auvergne, A. de Montaiglon, Paris, 1881, in 8vo, lines 1761-1776 and note p. 184. A. Franklin, La vie privée d'autrefois, vol. ii, Les soins de la toilette, Paris, 1887, in 18mo, pp. 20 et seq. A. Lecoy de la Marche, Le bain au moyen âge, in Revue du monde catholique, vol. xiv, pp. 870-881.

[225] Livre des métiers, by Étienne Boileau, edited by De Lespinasse and F. Bonnardot, Paris, 1879, pp. 154, 155, and note. G. Bayle, Notes pour servir à l'histoire de la prostitution au moyen âge, in Mémoires de l'Académie de Vauctuse, 1887, pp. 241, 242. Dr. P. Pansier, Histoire des prétendus statuts de la reine Jeanne, in Le Janus, 1902, p. 14.

[226] Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, pp. 76, 77.

[227] Trial, vol. iii, p. 100.

[228] Ibid., p. 88.

[229] Trial, vol. iii, p. 87. Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, pp. 73, 74.

[230] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 86, 87.

[231] Ibid., pp. 86, 88.

[232] Trial, vol. iii, p. 88.

[233] Ibid., p. 87.

[234] Ibid., pp. 87, 88.

[235] Noël Valois, Un nouveau témoignage sur Jeanne d'Arc, in Annuaire bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de France, Paris, 1907, in 8vo, pp. 8 and 18 (separate issue).

[236] Trial, vol. iii, p. 217. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 265. A. Buhot de Kersers, Histoire et statistique du département du Cher, canton de Mehun, Bourges, 1891, in 4to, pp. 261 et seq. A. de Champeaux and P. Gauchery, Les travaux d'art exécutés pour Jean de France, duc de Berry, Paris, 1894, in 4to, pp. 7, 9, and the miniature in Les grandes heures of Duke Jean of Berry at Chantilly.

[237] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 170, 171. Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 48. Letter from the Sire d'Albret to the people of Riom, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 148, 149. Martin Le Franc, Champion des dames, in Trial, vol. v, p. 71.

[238] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 310. Journal du siège, p. 107. Morosini, vol. ii, p. 229, note 4. Perceval de Cagny, p. 172.

[239] Trial, vol. iii, p. 217. Jaladon de la Barre, Jeanne d'Arc à Saint-Pierre-le-Moustier et deux juges nivernais à Rouen, Nevers, 1868, in 8vo, chaps. ix et seq.

[240] Trial, vol. v, p. 356. Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, p. 89.

[241] Trial, vol. iii, p. 217.

[242] Ibid., p. 218.

[243] Ibid., vol. i, p. 106. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 259, 260, 271, 272. Nider, Formicarium, in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 503, 504. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 74 et seq. N. Quellien, Perrinaïc, une compagne de Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1891, in 8vo. Mme. Pascal-Estienne, Perrinaïk, Paris, 1893, in 8vo. J. Trévedy, Histoire du roman de Perrinaïc, Saint-Brieuc, 1894, in 8vo. Le roman de Perrinaïc, Vannes, 1894, in 8vo. A. de la Borderie, Pierronne et Perrinaïc, Paris, 1894, in 8vo.

[244] Trial, vol. v, index at the words Catherine, Michel, Marguerite.

[245] Ibid., vol. i, p. 106.

[246] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 271, 272.

[247] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 104 et seq.

[248] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 450. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 271, 272.

[249] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 235.

[250] Trial, vol. i, p. 106.

[251] Ibid., p. 107.

[252] Arcère, Histoire de La Rochelle, 1756, in 4to, vol. i, p. 271. Trial, vol. v, p. 104, note. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 24, 75 et seq., 219, 279.

[253] Trial, vol. i, pp. 107, 108.

[254] Trial, vol. i, p. 107.

[255] Trial, vol. i, pp. 108, 109.

[256] Ibid., p. 107.

[257] Ibid., p. 108.

[258] Ibid.

[259] "Perrinet Crasset, mason and captain of men-at-arms." Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 446 verso. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 117. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 174. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i, p. 328.

[260] S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, p. cclxxviii. A. de Villaret, Campagne des Anglais, p. 109. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iii, pp. 20, 21, 373 et seq. J. de Fréminville, Les écorcheurs en Bourgogne (1435-1445); Étude sur les compagnies franches au XVe siècle, Dijon, 1888, in 8vo. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy. Proofs and illustrations, xxx.

[261] Sainte-Marthe, Histoire généalogique de la maison de la Trémoïlle, 1668, in 12mo, pp. 149 et seq. L. de La Trémoïlle, Les La Trémoïlle pendant cinq siècles, Nantes, 1890, vol. i, p. 165.

[262] Trial, vol. v, p. 149. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. iii. Journal du siège, p. 129. Monstrelet, vol. v, chap, lxxii. A. de Villaret, Campagne des Anglais, p. 108.

[263] Trial, vol. v, p. 146. F. Perot, Un document inédit sur Jeanne d'Arc, in Bulletin de la Société archéologique de l'Orléanais, vol. xii, 1898-1901, p. 231.

[264] Trial, vol. v, pp. 147-150. Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, ch. viii.

[265] S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, p. cclxxix.

[266] Acta Sanctorum, March, i, 554, col. 2, no. 61. Abbé Bizouard, Histoire de sainte Colette, pp. 35, 37. S[ilvere], Histoire chronologique de la bienheureuse Colette, Paris, 1628, in 8vo.

[267] The Maid (W.S.).

[268] Servant. Cf. Godefroy, Lexique de l'ancien Français (W.S.).

[269] Histoire chronologique de la bienheureuse Colette, pp. 168-200.

[270] S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc et les ordres mendiants, in Revue des deux mondes, 1881, vol. xlv, p. 90. L. de Kerval, Jeanne d'Arc et les Franciscains, Vanves, 1893, pp. 49, 51. S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, pp. cclxxviii et seq. F. Perot, Jeanne d'Arc en Bourbonnais, Orléans, in 8vo, 26 pp., 1889. F. André, La vérité sur Jeanne d'Arc, in 8vo, 1895, pp. 308 et seq.

[271] Trial, vol. v, pp. 146-148.

[272] Ibid., pp. 146, 148. Facsimile in Le Musée des archives départementales, p. 124.

[273] F. Perot (Bulletin de la Société archéologique de l'Orléanais, vol. xii, p. 231).

[274] A. de Villaret, Campagne des Anglais, p. 107, proofs and illustrations, xvii, pp. 159, 168. Trial, vol. v, pp. 268, 270, according to the original documents in the Orléans Library.

[275] La Thaumassière, Histoire du Berry, p. 161. Trial, vol. v, pp. 356, 357. Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, pp. 105 et seq. A. de Villaret, Campagne des Anglais, pp. 111, 112.

[276] Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires du Centre, vol. iv, 1870-1872, pp. 211, 239.

[277] Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 126. Lanéry d'Arc and L. Jeny, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, p. 89.

[278] Perceval de Cagny, p. 172.

[279] Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, pp. 216, 217.

[280] Extract from the Book of Accounts of the town of Périgueux, in Bulletin de la Société historique et archéologique du Périgord, vol. xiv, January to February, 1887. S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, proofs and illustrations, ccxvii, p. 252. Le P. Chapotin, La guerre de cent ans et les dominicains, pp. 74 et seq.

[281] Trial, vol. i, p. 106.

[282] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 271.

[283] Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 232, 233. Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Cartularium Univ. Paris, vol. iv, p. 515.

[284] Noël Valois, Un nouveau témoignage sur Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1907, in 8vo, 19 pages.

[285] Morosini, vol. iii, p. 232.

[286] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 354, 355.

[287] Sentent la persinée: literally, smell of roast parsley. Cf. Godefroy, Lexique de l'ancien français at the word persinée. Sentir la persinée: to be suspected of heresy (W.S.).

[288] Pardon granted to Le Sourd and Jehannin Daix, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 142-145.

[289] Trial, vol. i, p. 107.

[290] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 84; vol. iv, pp. 312 et passim. A. de Villaret, loc. cit. Proofs and illustrations.

[291] Trial, vol. v, pp. 150-153. J. Hordal, Heroinae nobilissimae Joannae Darc, lotharingæ, vulgo aurelianensis puellae historia.... Ponti-Mussi, 1612, small 4to. C. du Lys, Traité sommaire tant du nom et des armes que de la naissance et parenté de la Pucelle, justifié par plusieurs patentes et arrêts, enquêtes et informations.... Paris, 1633, in 4to. De la Roque, Traité de la noblesse, Paris, 1678, in 4to, ch. xliii. Lanéry d'Arc, Jeanne d'Arc en Berry, ch. x.

[292] See analytical index, in Trial, vol. v, at the word Pucelle.

[293] Trial, vol. v, p. 270.

[294] Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 19, 74, 203. H. Daniel Lacombe, L'hôte de Jeanne d'Arc à Poitiers, Maître Jean Rabateau, président du parlement de Paris, in Revue du Bas-Poitou, 1891, pp. 48, 66.

[295] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 88 et seq.

[296] Extract from the Accounts of the town of Orléans, in Trial, vol. v, p. 331.

[297] Vallet de Viriville, Un épisode de la vie de Jeanne d'Arc, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, vol. iv (1st series), p. 488. Trial, vol. v, pp. 154-156.

[298] Jules Doinel, Note sur une maison de Jeanne d'Arc, in Mémoires de la Société archéologique et historique de l'Orléanais, vol. xv, pp. 491-500.

[299] Journal du siège, pp. 15, 16.

[300] Jules Doinel, Note sur une maison de Jeanne d'Arc, loc. cit.

[301] S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, p. 360.

[302] Trial, vol. i, p. 295.

[303] Accounts of the fortress, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 259, 260.

[304] Trial, vol. v, p. 159.

[305] Perceval de Cagny, p. 173. Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 258. Berry, in Godefroy, p. 376. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 294, notes 4, 5. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i, pp. 139, 163. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 144.

[306] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 378. D. Plancher, Histoire de Bourgogne, vol. iv, p. 137. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 268.

[307] Du Tillet, Recueil des rois de France, vol. ii, p. 39 (ed. 1601-1602). Rymer, Fœdera, March, 1430.

[308] P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 35, 152.

[309] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 351, 389.

[310] Trial, vol. v, p. 160, according to Rogier's copy. H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, proofs and illustrations xv. Facsimile in Wallon, 1876 edition, p. 200. The original of this letter exists, likewise the original of the letter addressed on the 9th of November, 1429, to the citizens of Riom. These two letters, about one hundred and twenty-six days apart, are not written by the same scribe. The signature of neither one nor the other can be attributed to the hand which indited the rest of the letter. The seven letters of the name Jehanne seem to have been written by some one whose hand was being held, which is not surprising, seeing that the Maid did not know how to write. But a comparison of the two signatures reveals their close similarity. In both the stem of the J slopes in the same direction and is of identical length; the first n through one letter being written on the top of another has three pothooks instead of two; the second pothook of the second n obviously written in two strokes is too long, in short the two signatures correspond exactly. We must conclude therefore that having once obtained the Maid's signature by guiding her hand, an impression was taken to serve as a model for all her other letters. To judge from the two missives of the 9th of November, 1429 and the 16th of March, 1430, this impression was most faithfully reproduced. Cf. post, p. 117, note 2.

[311] Trial, vol. iii, p. 11.

[312] Perceval de Cagny, p. 172.

[313] Trial, vol. i, p. 83.

[314] Ibid., vol. v, p. 156.

[315] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 24, 86, 87. J. Zeller, Histoire d'Allemagne, vol. vii, La réforme, Paris, 1891, pp. 78 et seq. E. Denis, Jean Hus et la guerre des Hussites (1879); Les origines de l'Unité des Frères Bohêmes, Angers, 1885, in 8vo, pp. 5 et seq.

[316] Two of the great leaders of the Hussites who held large parts of central Germany in terror from 1419-1434 (W.S.).

[317] L. Paris, Cabinet historique, vol. i, 1855, pp. 74, 76. Rogier, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 294. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 132, 133, 136, 137, 168, 169, 188, 189; vol. iv, supplement, xvii.

[318] Trial, vol. i, p. 240; vol. v, p. 126.

[319] Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 82-85. Christine de Pisan, in Trial, vol. v, p. 416. Eberhard Windecke, pp. 60-63.

[320] Eberhard Windecke, pp. 108, 115, 188.

[321] Lea, A History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages, vol. ii, p. 481 (1906).

[322] Th. de Sickel, Lettre de Jeanne d'Arc aux Hussites, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 3rd series, vol. ii, p. 81. A wrong date is given in the German translation used by Quicherat, Trial, vol. v, pp. 156-159.

[323] Trial, vol. i, p. 246.

[324] Ibid., vol. v, p. 95.

[325] Another of the Hussite leaders (W.S.).

[326] J. Nider, Formicarium in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 502-504.

[327] Trial, vol. v, pp. 161, 162.

[328] Ibid., vol. iv, p. 299, and H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, pp. 60 et seq. Mémoires de Pierre Coquault, ibid., pp. 109 et seq.

[329] This letter was published by J. Quicherat, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 161, 162, and by M. H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, pp. 106, 107 and document XVI, according to Rogier's inaccurate copy. The original which had disappeared from the municipal archives at Reims was considered to be lost; but it has been found in the possession of the Count de Maleissye. Cf. the reproduction by A. Marty and M. Lepet, L'histoire de Jeanne d'Arc.... Cent facsimilés de manuscrits, de miniatures, Paris, 1907, in large 4to. Here for the first time is to be found a text correct according to the original document.

[330] The signature appears to be autograph. It differs from the two identical signatures of the letters from Riom and Reims (see ante, p. 108, note 1); and it bears trace of the resistance of a hand which was being guided.

[331] Trial, vol. v, pp. 161, 162. Varin, Archives législatives de la ville de Reims, vol. i, p. 596. H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, pp. 106, 107.

[332] Perceval de Cagny, who was in the pay of the Duke of Alençon, is the only chronicler to suggest it, p. 173.

[333] "In the year 1430, Jeanne the Maid started from the country of Berry accompanied by divers fighting men...." Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 120.

[334] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 120. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, ed. Coustellier, vol. i, p. 117. Note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 177. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 36, note 2.

[335] Journal du siège, p. 12.

[336] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 293, note 3. True, the loan was made later; none the less the dependence of Jean d'Aulon on the Sire de la Trémouille existed at this time.

[337] Trial, vol. i, p. 99, note. Journal du siège, pp. 235, 238.

[338] This comes from the Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 271.

[339] Trial, vol. v, pp. 159, 160.

[340] The Pardon of Jean de Calais in A. Longnon, Paris sous la domination anglaise, pp. 301-309. Stevenson, Letters and Papers, vol. i, pp. 34-50.

[341] So it appears from Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 274-275.

[342] Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 228-231. Concerning Perrinet Gressart see vol. i, p. 389.

[343] May 3, 1430.

[344] G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La panique anglaise. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iii, pp. 572-574.

[345] Trial, vol. i, pp. 115, 253, April 17-23. Perceval de Cagny, p. 173. Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 502 recto. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 158, note 2.

[346] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 363 (April 16).

[347] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 125. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 378. Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 28. Melun certainly belonged to the French on the 23rd of April, 1430.

[348] Trial, vol. i, pp. 114-116. G. Leroy, Histoire de Melun, Melun, 1887, in 8vo, ch. xvi ... x ... Jeanne d'Arc à Melun, mi-avril, 1430, Melun, 1896, 32 pp.

[349] Trial, vol. i, p. 147.

[350] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 259.

[351] Chronique de la Pucelle, pp. 334, 335. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 110, 111. F.A. Denis, Le séjour de Jeanne d'Arc à Lagny, Lagny, 1894, in 8vo, pp. 3 et seq.

[352] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 384. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, pp. 120, 121. Perceval de Cagny, p. 173.

[353] Jean Chartier, loc. cit. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, vol. i, p. 117. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 38, note.

[354] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 121.

[355] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 384.

[356] H. Jadart, Jeanne d'Arc à Reims, p. 61.

[357] Trial, vol. i, p. 158.

[358] Ibid., pp. 158, 159.

[359] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 71, 72. Sauval, Antiquités de Paris, vol. i, p. 104. A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise, p. 118. H. Legrand, Paris en 1380, Paris, 1868, in 4to, p. 65.

[360] Piquette, a sour wine or cider, made from the residue of grapes or apples. A kind of second brewing (W.S.). Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 150, 154, 156, 187. Francisque-Michel and Edouard Fournier, Histoire des hôtelleries, cabarets, hôtels garnis, Paris, 1851 (2 vols. in 8vo), vol. ii, p. 5.

[361] A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise, p. 117.

[362] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 71, 72. A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise, p. 118, note 1.

[363] A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise, pp. 119-123.

[364] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 251, 253. Falconbridge, in A. Longnon, Paris pendant la domination anglaise, p. 302, note 1. Sauval, Antiquités de Paris, vol. iii, p. 536. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 140. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 274 et seq.

[365] Trial, vol. i, pp. 158, 159.

[366] Ibid., p. 159.

[367] Ibid., p. 254. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 385. E. Richer, Histoire manuscrite de la Pucelle, book i, folio 82.

[368] Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, pp. 210, 211.

[369] Trial, vol. i, p. 105.

[370] A. Denis, Jeanne d'Arc à Lagny, Lagny, 1896, in 8vo, pp. 4 et seq. J.A. Lepaire, Jeanne d'Arc à Lagny, Lagny, 1880, in 8vo, 38 pages.

[371] Trial, vol. i, p. 105.

[372] Religieux de Saint-Denis, vol. ii, p. 82. Jean Juvénal des Ursins, in Coll. Michaud et Poujoulat, p. 395, col. 2.

[373] Acta Sanctorum, 6th of March, pp. 381 and 617. Abbé Bizouard, Histoire de Sainte Colette, pp. 35, 37. Abbé Douillet, Sainte Colette, sa vie, ses œuvres, 1884, pp. 150-154.

[374] Le Curé de Saint-Sulpice, Notre-Dame de France, Paris, in 8vo, vol. vi, 1860, p. 57.

[375] For the etymology of Avioth see C. Bonnabelle, Petite étude sur Avioth et son église, in Annuaire de la Meuse, 1883, in 18mo, p. 14.

[376] Le Curé de Saint-Sulpice, loc. cit., vol. v, pp. 107 et seq. Bonnabelle, loc. cit., pp. 13 et seq. Jacquemain, Notre-Dame d'Avioth et son église monumentale, Sedan, 1876, in 8vo.

[377] Trial, vol. i, pp. 105, 106.

[378] Arch. mun. of Senlis in Musé des archives départementales, pp. 304, 305. J. Flammermont, Histoire de Senlis pendant la seconds partie de la guerre de cent ans, p. 245. Perceval de Cagny, p. 173. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 294, note 5.

[379] Manuscript History of Beauvais by Hermant, in Trial, vol. v, p. 165. G. Lecocq, Étude historique sur le séjour de Jeanne d'Arc à Elincourt-Sainte-Marguerite, Amiens, 1879, in 8vo, 13 pages. A. Peyrecave, Notes sur le séjour de Jeanne d'Arc à Elincourt-Sainte-Marguerite, Paris, 1875, in 8vo. Elincourt-Sainte-Marguerite, notice historique et archéologique, Compiègne, 1888. Ch. vii, pp. 113, 123.

[380] Trial, vol. v, pp. 164, 165. Les miracles de Madame Sainte Katerine de Fierboys, pp. 16, 62, 63.

[381] P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy. Proofs and illustrations, pp. 150, 154. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 276, note 3. Note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 176.

[382] Monstrelet, ch. xxx. Note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 175. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy. Proofs and illustrations, xliv, xlv.

[383] "In this country the Emperor [of Constantinople] has a city called Capha, which is a seaport belonging to the Genoese and whence is obtained wood for the making of bows and cross-bows, likewise wine called Rommenie." Le Livre de description des pays de Gilles le Bouvier. Ed. E.T. Hamy, Paris, 1908, p. 90.

[384] De La Fons-Mélicocq, Documents inédits sur le siège de Compiègne de 1430 in La Picardie, vol. iii, 1857, pp. 22, 23. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy. Proofs and illustrations, p. 176.

[385] Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 178. H. de Lépinois, Notes extraites des archives communales de Compiègne, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 1863, vol. xxiv, p. 486. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc devant Compiègne et l'histoire des sièges de la même ville sous Charles VI et Charles VII, d'après des documents inédits avec vues et plans, Paris, 1889, in 8vo, p. 268.

[386] Jacques Duclercq, Mémoires, ed. Reiffenberg, vol. i, p. 419. Le Temple de Bocace in Les œuvres de Georges Chastellain, ed. Kervyn de Lettenhove, vol. vii, p. 95. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, capitaine de Compiègne, contribution à l'histoire de Jeanne d'Arc et à l'étude de la vie militaire et privée au XVième siècle, Paris, 1906, in 8vo, passim.

[387] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 125. Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 495 recto. Rogier, in Varin, Arch. de la ville de Reims, 11th part, Statuts, vol. i, p. 604. A. Sorel, loc. cit., p. 167. P. Champion, loc. cit., p. 33.

[388] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 379, 381. Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 495 recto. Livre des trahisons, p. 202.

[389] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 382, 383. Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 49.

[390] According to a note by Dom Bertheau, in A. Sorel, Séjours de Jeanne d'Arc à Compiègne, maisons où elle a logé en 1429 et 1430, with view and plans, Paris, 1888, in 8vo, pp. 11, 12.

[391] Magistrates of the town. Cf. ante, p. 34, note 3.

[392] Accounts of the town of Compiègne, CC 13, folio 291. Dom Gillesson, Antiquités de Compiègne, vol. v, p. 95. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 145, note 3.

[393] Choisy surrendered on the 16th of May. Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 497, verso. Livre des trahisons, p. 201. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 382. Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 49. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 145, 146. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 40-41, 162-163.

[394] Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, pp. 49, 50.

[395] F. Brun, Jeanne d'Arc et le capitaine de Soissons en 1430, Soissons, 1904, p. 5 (extract from l'Argus Soissonnais). P. Champion, loc. cit., p. 41.

[396] Berry, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 50. P. Champion, loc. cit., p. 168. Proofs and illustrations, xxxv, p. 168. F. Brun, Nouvelles recherches sur le fait de Soissons (Jeanne d'Arc et Bournel en 1430) à propos d'un livre récent, Meulan, 1907, in 8vo.

[397] Trial, vol. i, p. 273.

[398] I have rejected the story told by Alain Bouchard of Jeanne's meeting with the little children in the Church of Saint Jacques. (Les grandes croniques de Bretaigne, Paris, Galliot Du Pré, 1514, fol. cclxxxi.) M. Pierre Champion (Guillaume de Flavy, p. 283) has irrefutably demonstrated its unauthenticity.

[399] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 382. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 178. Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 498 verso.

[400] Trial, vol. i, p. 114. Perceval de Cagny, p. 174. Extract from a note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 176. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 296, note 1.

[401] Manuscript map of Compiègne in 1509, in Debout, Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii, p. 293. Plan of the town of Compiègne, engraved by Aveline in the 17th century, reduction published by La Société historique de Compiègne, May, 1877. Lambert de Ballyhier, Compiègne historique et monumental, 1842, 2 vols. in 8vo, engravings. Plan of the restitution of the town of Compiègne in 1430, in A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 43.

[402] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 383, 384.

[403] Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, p. 196.

[404] Trial, vol. i, p. 116. Letter from Philippe le Bon to the inhabitants of Saint-Quentin, Trial, vol. v, p. 166. Letter from Philippe le Bon to Amédée, Duke of Savoy in P. Champion, loc. cit. Proofs and illustrations, xxxvii. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 458. William Worcester, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 475, and Le Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 255.

[405] Trial, vol. i, pp. 78, 223, 224. Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 49. The Clerk of the Brabant Chambre des Comptes, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 428.

[406] Notes concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 177. Chronique de Tournai, in Recueil des Chroniques de Flandre, 1856, vol. iii, pp. 415, 416.

[407] Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 49.

[408] Le Jouvencel, vol. i, p. 91.

[409] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 387. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 179. Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 48. Note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 176.

[410] Letter from the Duke of Burgundy to the inhabitants of Saint-Quentin, in Trial, vol. v, p. 166. Monstrelet, Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, Chastellain. Notes concerning G. de Flavy, loc. cit.

[411] Perceval de Cagny, p. 176. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 458. Monstrelet. Note concerning G. de Flavy; Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, Chastellain, loc. cit.

[412] Note concerning G. de Flavy, loc. cit. Du Fresne de Beaucourt, Jeanne d'Arc et Guillaume de Flavy in Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de France, vol. iii, 1861, pp. 173 et seq. Z. Rendu, Jeanne d'Arc et G. de Flavy, Compiègne, 1865, in 8vo, 32 pp. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 209. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, appendix i, pp. 282, 286.

[413] Perceval de Cagny, p. 175.

[414] Perceval de Cagny, p. 175. Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 49. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 122; vol. iii, p. 207. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 87.

[415] Perceval de Cagny, p. 176.

[416] Letter from the Duke of Burgundy in Trial, vol. v, p. 166. Perceval de Cagny, p. 175. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 400. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, p. 175. Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 49. Note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 174. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, vol. i, p. 118. P. Champion, loc. cit., pp. 46, 49. Lanéry d'Arc, Livre d'Or, pp. 513-518.

[417] Richer, Histoire manuscrite de la Pucelle, book iv, fol. 188 et seq. P. Champion, loc. cit. Proofs and illustrations, xxxiii. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 388. Note concerning G. de Flavy, loc. cit. Letter from the Duke of Burgundy to the inhabitants of Saint-Quentin, loc. cit. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 255. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 459.

[418] According to Le Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 255, four hundred French were killed or drowned.

[419] Note concerning G. de Flavy, in Trial, vol. v, p. 176. Perceval de Cagny, p. 175.

[420] Letter from the Duke of Burgundy to the inhabitants of Saint-Quentin, in Trial, vol. v, p. 166.

[421] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 388. Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 50. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 253 et seq.

[422] Jean Jouffroy, in d'Achery, Spicilegium, iii, pp. 823 et seq.

[423] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 388.

[424] Ibid., p. 389. P. Champion, loc. cit., p. 168.

[425] La Chronique des cordeliers, and Monstrelet, passim. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 165, 166.

[426] Trial, vol. v, p. 167. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 95.

[427] Trial, vol. v, p. 358. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iii, p. 534. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 169-171.

[428] Note concerning Guillaume de Flavy in Trial, vol. v, p. 177. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 333.

[429] Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 458. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 255. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 96. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc au cimetière de Saint-Ouen et l'authenticité de sa formule, Paris, 1902, in 8vo, p. 18.

[430] Trial, vol. i, pp. 8-10. E. O'Reilly, Les deux procès, vol. ii, pp. 13, 14. P. Denifle and Chatelain, Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. iv, p. 516, no. 2372.

[431] Trial, vol. i, p. 12. E. O'Reilly, Les deux procès.

[432] Trial, vol. i, pp. 3, 12; vol. iii, p. 378; vol. v, p. 392.

[433] Domini canes. Thus they are represented in the frescoes of the Capella degli Spagnuoli in Santa-Maria-Novella at Florence.

[434] Tanon, Histoire des tribuneaux de l'inquisition en France, ch. ii.

[435] Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Chartularium universitatis Parisiensis, vol. iv, p. 510; Le procès de Jeanne d'Arc et l'université de Paris, Paris, 1897, in 8vo, 32 pp.

[436] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, passim. Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 450.

[437] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 237. T. Basin, Histoire de Charles VII et de Louis XI, vol. iv, pp. 103, 104. Monstrelet, vol. iv, ch. lxiii. Bougenot, Deux documents inédits relatifs à Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue bleue, 13 Feb., 1892, pp. 203, 204.

[438] Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. iv, p. 515, no. 2370; Le procès de Jeanne d'Arc et l'université de Paris.

[439] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 389. Perceval de Cagny, p. 176. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 300-302; vol. iv, pp. 254-355. De La Fons-Mélicocq, Une cité picarde au moyen âge ou Noyon et les Noyonnais aux XIVe et XVe siècles, Noyon, 1841, vol. ii, pp. 100-105. In 1441 Lyonnel de Wandomme, who was governor of this town, was driven out by the inhabitants on the death of Jean de Luxembourg (Monstrelet, vol. v, p. 456).

[440] Perceval de Cagny, p. 177, very doubtful.

[441] Trial, vol. i, pp. 163-164, 249.

[442] Ibid., p. 151.

[443] Vallet de Viriville, Note sur deux médailles de plomb relatives à Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1861, in 8vo, 30 pages. Forgeais, Notice sur les plombs historiés trouvés dans la Seine, Paris, 1860, in 8vo. J. Quicherat, Médaille frappée en l'honneur de la Pucelle, Six dessins sur Jeanne d'Arc tirés d'un manuscrit du XVe siècle, in L'autographe, No. 24, 15 Nov., 1864.

[444] P. Lanéry d'Arc, Le culte de Jeanne d'Arc au XVe siècle, Paris, 1887, in 8vo, 29 pages.

[445] Trial, vol. i, p. 290.

[446] Carreau, Histoire manuscrite de Touraine, in Procès, vol. v, pp. 253, 254.

[447] Trial, vol. v, p. 104. E. Maignien, Oraisons latines pour la délivrance de Jeanne d'Arc. Grenoble, 1867, in 8vo (Revue des Sociétés savantes, vol. iv, pp. 412-414). G. de Braux, Trois oraisons pour la délivrance de Jeanne d'Arc, in Journal de la Société d'Archéologie Lorraine, June, 1887, pp. 125, 127.

[448] Vita Jacobi Gelu ab ipso conscripta, in Bulletin de la Société archéologique de Touraine, iii, 1867, pp. 266 et seq. The Rev. Father Marcellin Fornier, Histoire des Alpes Maritimes ou Cottiennes, vol. ii, pp. 313 et seq.

[449] Ibid., pp. 319, 320.

[450] Thomassin, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 312. Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 323. Chronique de Tournai, in Recueil des chroniques de Flandre, vol. iii, p. 415. Chronique de Normandie, ed. A. Hellot, Rouen, 1881, in 8vo, pp. 77, 78. Chronique de Lorraine, ed. Abbé Marchal (Recueil de documents sur l'histoire de Lorraine, vol. v).

[451] Summary of a letter from Regnault de Chartres to the inhabitants of Reims, Trial, vol. v, p. 168.

[452] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 272. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 263. Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, vol. i, p. 124.

[453] A. Maury, La stigmatisation et les stigmates, in Revue des Deux Mondes, 1854, ch. viii, pp. 454-482. Dr. Subled, Les stigmates selon la science, in Science catholique, 1894, vol. viii, pp. 1073 et seq.; vol. ix, pp. 2 et seq.

[454] Letter from Regnault de Chartres, in Trial, vol. v, p. 168.

[455] Trial, vol. i, pp. 295 et seq.

[456] Letter from Regnault de Chartres, in Ibid., vol. v, p. 168.

[457] Ibid., p. 168.

[458] This point was not called in question at the time; but what might be discussed is whether the Bishop of Beauvais could exercise ordinary jurisdiction over the Maid. On this subject see: Abbé Ph. H. Dunand, Histoire complète de Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1899, vol. ii, pp. 412, 413.

[459] Robillard de Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges et assesseurs du procès de Jeanne d'Arc, Rouen, 1890, p. 12. Douet d'Arcq, Choix de pièces inédites relatives au règne de Charles VI, vol. i, pp. 356, 357. Chanoine Cerf, Pierre Cauchon de Sommièvre, chanoine de Reims et de Beauvais, évêque de Beauvais et de Lisieux; son origine, ses dignités, sa mort et ses sépultures, in Travaux de l'Académie de Reims, CI (1898), pp. 363 et seq., A. Sarrazin, Pierre Cauchon, juge de Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1901, in 8vo, pp. 26 et seq.

[460] Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i, p. 116. A. Sarrazin, P. Cauchon, pp. 36, 37.

[461] Du Boulay, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis, 1670, vol. v, p. 912. The Abbé Delettre, Histoire du diocèse de Beauvais, Beauvais, 1842, vol. ii, p. 348.

[462] Robillard de Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 13.

[463] A. Sarrazin, P. Cauchon, pp. 58 et seq.

[464] Rymer, Fœdera, vol. x, p. 408, passim.

[465] Trial, vol. i, p. 13. Vallet de Viriville, Procès de condamnation, pp. 10 et seq. A. Sarrazin, P. Cauchon, pp. 108 et seq.

[466] Trial, vol. i, pp. 10, 11. M. Fournier, La faculté de décret, vol. i, p. 353, note.

[467] Trial, vol. i, pp. 13, 14.

[468] Trial, vol. i, p. 14.

[469] Du Boulay, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. v, pp. 393-408. Monumenta conciliorum generalium seculi decimi quinti, vol. i, pp. 70 et seq. Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Le procès de Jeanne d'Arc et l'Université de Paris.

[470] Valeran Varanius, ed. Prarond, Paris, 1889, book iv, p. 100.

[471] Trial, vol. i, pp. 109, 110; vol. ii, p. 298; vol. iii, p. 121. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 389. E. Gomart, Jeanne d'Arc au château de Beaurevoir, Cambrai, 1865, in 8vo, 47 pages (Mem. de la Société d'émulation de Cambrai, xxxviii, 2, pp. 305-348). L. Sambier, Jeanne d'Arc et la région du Nord, Lille, 1901, in 8vo, 63 pages. Cf. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 300, notes 3 and 4, vol. iv, supplement xxi.

[472] Trial, vol. i, pp. 95, 231. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 402. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i, p. 2; vol. ii, pp. 72, 73.

[473] A. Duchêne, Histoire de la maison de Béthune, ch. iii, and proofs and illustrations, p. 33. Vallet de Viriville, loc. cit., and Morosini, vol. iv, pp. 352, 354.

[474] Trial, vol. i, pp. 95, 231.

[475] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 438, 457; vol. iii, p. 121.

[476] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 120, 121.

[477] Ibid., vol. i, p. 150.

[478] Trial, vol. i, pp. 150, 151.

[479] Ibid., p. 13; vol. v, p. 194.

[480] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 110, 151, 152.

[481] Trial, vol. i, p. 166. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 268. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 53, 58.

[482] Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 507, recto. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 301-303. Chronique de Tournai, ed. Smedt, in Recueil des Chroniques de Flandre, vol. iii, pp. 416, 417.

[483] Lottin, Recherches sur la ville d'Orléans, vol. i, p. 252. Trial, vol. i, p. 99, note 1. Journal du siège, pp. 235-238. S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, p. cclxiii, note 2.

[484] Trial, vol. i, pp. 296, 297.

[485] Register of the Accounts of the town of Tours for the year 1430, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 473, note 1.

[486] Trial, vol. iv, p. 473.

[487] Ibid., p. 473.

[488] Ibid., vol. i, p. 295.

[489] Trial, vol. i, p. 106, note. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 271. Vallet de Viriville, Procès de condamnation de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. lxi-lxv.

[490] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 271.

[491] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 271, 272.

[492] Voltaire, Dictionnaire philosophique, article, Arc.

[493] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 259, 260.

[494] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 259-260, 271-272. Jean Nider, Formicarium, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 504. A. de la Borderie, Pierronne et Perrinaïc, pp. 7 et seq.

[495] H. Vandenbroeck, Extraits des anciens registres des consaux de la ville de Tournai, vol. ii (1422-1430), and Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 185, 186.

[496] H. Vandenbroeck, Extraits analytiques des anciens registres des consaux de la ville de Tournai, vol. ii, pp. 338, 371-373. Canon H. Debout, Jeanne d'Arc et les villes d'Arras et de Tournai, Paris, n.d., p. 24.

[497] Le P. Anselme, Histoire généalogique de la maison de France, vol. iii, pp. 723, 724. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 175, 176. Morosini, vol. iv, supplement xix.

[498] Trial, vol. i, pp. 95, 231.

[499] Ibid., pp. 13, 14.

[500] Les miracles de madame Sainte Katerine, Bourassé, passim.

[501] "Was waited on in prison like a lady," says Le Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 271, concerning the Rouen prison.

[502] Trial, vol. i, p. 100.

[503] Ibid., pp. 101, 206, 291; vol. iii, p. 87; vol. v, pp. 104, 305. Chastellain, ed. Kervyn de Lettenhove, vol. ii, p. 46. P. Lanéry d'Arc, Le culte de Jeanne d'Arc au XVe siècle, Orléans, 1887, in 8vo. Noël Valois, Un nouveau témoignage sur Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 8, 13, 18.

[504] Trial, vol. i, pp. 95, 96, 231. Canon Henri Debout, Jeanne d'Arc prisonnière à Arras, Arras, 1894, in 16mo; Jeanne d'Arc et les villes d'Arras et de Tournai, Paris, 1904, in 8vo; Jeanne d'Arc, vol. ii, pp. 394 et seq.

[505] On the 7th of November, 1430, a messenger from the town of Arras received forty shillings for having taken two sealed letters to the Duke of Burgundy, one from Jean de Luxembourg, the other from David de Brimeu, Governor of the Bailiwick of Arras; we know nothing of the tenor of these letters written concerning "the case of the Maid." P. Champion, Notes sur Jeanne d'Arc, II; Jeanne d'Arc à Arras, in Le Moyen Âge, July-August, 1907, pp. 200, 201.

[506] H. de Lépinois, Notes extraites des archives communales de Compiègne, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 1863, vol. xxiv, p. 486. A. Sorel, Prise de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 268. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, pp. 38, 48 et seq.

[507] Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 500 verso.

[508] Chastellain, vol. ii, p. 53.

[509] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 390.

[510] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 390, 391. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 180. Morosini, vol. iii, pp. 306, 307. Chastellain, vol. ii, pp. 51, 54. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 233 et seq. P. Champion. Guillaume de Flavy, p. 50.

[511] Le Jouvencel, vol. i, pp. 49 et seq.

[512] Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 502 verso. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, proofs and illustrations, xli, xlii, xliii.

[513] Livre des trahisons, p. 202.

[514] Monstrelet, vol. iii, pp. 410-415. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 185. Livre des trahisons, p. 202. A. Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, proofs and illustrations, xiii, p. 341. P. Champion, loc. cit., p. 176.

[515] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 418. De La Fons-Mélicocq, Documents inédits sur le siège de Compiègne, in La Picardie, vol. iii, 1857, pp. 22, 23. Stevenson, Letters and Papers, vol. ii, part i, p. 156.

[516] Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 419. P. Champion, Guillaume de Flavy, p. 57.

[517] Sorel, La prise de Jeanne d'Arc, proofs and illustrations, p. 343.

[518] Trial, vol. i, p. 9. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 175.

[519] Morosini, vol. iii, p. 236. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 18, note.

[520] Morosini, vol. iii, p. 276, note.

[521] Chronicle of Jean de la Chapelle, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 358-360. Lefils, Histoire de la ville du Crotoy et de son château, pp. 111-118. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La panique anglaise, p. 8, note 5. L'Abbé Bouthors, Histoire de Saint-Riquier, Abbeville, 1902, pp. 185, 215, 220.

[522] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 22, 137.

[523] Trial, vol. iii, p. 121. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, pp. 63 et seq.; Lanéry d'Arc, Livre d'or, p. 521.

[524] Trial, vol. i, p. 89; vol. iii, p. 121. Le P. Ignace de Jésus Maria, Histoire généalogique des comtes de Ponthieu et maïeurs d'Abbeville, Paris, 1657, p. 490. Trial, vol. v, p. 361.

[525] Monstrelet, vol. iv, pp. 353, 354. Trial, vol. v, p. 143.

[526] Trial, vol. i, pp. 15, 16. M. Fournier, La Faculté de décret et l'Université de Paris, vol. i, p. 353.

[527] Trial, vol. i, p. 21. Le P. Ignace de Jésus Maria, in Trial, vol. v, p. 363. F. Poulaine, Jeanne d'Arc à Rouen, Paris, 1899, in 16mo. Ch. Lemire, Jeanne d'Arc en Picardie et en Normandie, Paris, 1903, p. 10, passim. Lanéry d'Arc, Livre d'or, pp. 524, 549.

[528] A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie au XVe siècle, Rouen, 1896, in 4to, ch. v.

[529] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 136-137. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 198.

[530] L. de Duranville, Le château de Bouvreuil, in La Revue de Rouen, 1852, p. 387. A. Deville, La tour de la Pucelle du château de Rouen, in Précis des travaux de l'Académie de Rouen, 1865-1866, pp. 236-268. Bouquet, Notice sur le donjon du château de Philippe-Auguste, Rouen, 1877, pp. 7 et seq.

[531] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 317, 345; vol. iii, p. 121.

[532] Ibid., p. 154. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 190, note 1. L. Delisle, Revue des Sociétés savantes, 1867, 4th series, vol. v, p. 440. F. Bouquet, Jeanne d'Arc au donjon de Rouen, in Revue de Normandie, 1867, vol. vi, pp. 873-883. L. Delisle, Revue des Sociétés savantes, vol. v (1867). Lanéry d'Arc, pp. 528-533.

[533] Ballin, Renseignements sur le Vieux-Château de Rouen, in Revue de Rouen, 1842, p. 35. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 188.

[534] Trial, vol. ii, p. 7.

[535] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 155.

[536] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 180. A. Sarrazin, pp. 191, 192.

[537] Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 240, 241.

[538] Trial, vol. i, p. 47.

[539] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 322.

[540] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 216, 217. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 112.

[541] Trial, vol. ii, p. 18.

[542] Lea, A History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages (1906), vol. iii, p. 359.

[543] Trial, vol. iii, p. 154.

[544] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 318, 319; vol. iii, pp. 131, 140, 148, 161. A. Sarrazin, P. Cauchon, p. 200.

[545] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 186, 187.

[546] Ibid., pp. 199, 200.

[547] Ibid., p. 200.

[548] Trial, vol. iii, p. 179.

[549] Morosini, vol. iii, p. 236.

[550] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 121, 123.

[551] Ibid., p. 140.

[552] C. de Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès de condamnation de Jeanne d'Arc, in Précis des travaux de l'Académie de Rouen, 1867-1868, pp. 470-479. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 29.

[553] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 17.

[554] Gallia Christiana, vol. ii, p. 732. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 213, 214. S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, p. ccxcv.

[555] C. de Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès de condamnation de Jeanne d'Arc, loc. cit. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, pp. 168, 171.

[556] 28 December, 1430. Trial, vol. i, pp. 20, 23. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 46.

[557] Trial, vol. i, pp. 18, 19.

[558] A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, pp. 1771, 1778.

[559] J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 147. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 9.

[560] Trial, vol. i, p. 24; vol. iii, p. 162. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 26. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 220.

[561] Trial, vol. i, p. 25.

[562] Trial, vol. i, p. 25; vol. iii, p. 137. A. Sarrazin, loc. cit., pp. 221, 222.

[563] L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition en France, pp. 550, 551.

[564] De Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès de condamnation, p. 320.

[565] Trial, vol. i, p. 25; vol. iii, p. 137. De Beaurepaire, Recherches.... p. 103. A. Sarrazin, loc. cit., pp. 222, 223.

[566] Trial, vol. i, p. 26. De Beaurepaire, Recherches.... p. 115. A. Sarrazin, loc. cit., pp. 223, 224.

[567] Eymeric, Directorium Inquisitorium, quest. 85. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 109. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 9.

[568] De Beaurepaire, Recherches.... pp. 321 et seq.

[569] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 27-114. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 103, 104. Boucher de Molandon, Guillaume Erard l'un des juges de la Pucelle, in Bulletin du comité hist. and phil., 1892, pp. 3-10.

[570] Trial, vol. i, p. 30, note. Du Boulay, Historia Universitatis, Paris, vol. v, pp. 912, 920. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 105. De Beaurepaire, Notes, pp. 30, 31. A. Sarrazin, loc. cit., pp. 226, 227.

[571] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 5, 6. De Beaurepaire, Notes, pp. 121-125. A. Sarrazin, loc. cit., pp. 308-310.

[572] De Beaurepaire, Recherches, pp. 321 et seq.

[573] J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 101.

[574] Trial, vol. i, pp. 5-8.

[575] A notary or secretary in France under the old monarchy (W.S.).

[576] Trial, vol. ii, p. 463.

[577] Ibid., p. 453.

[578] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 192, 193.

[579] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 105, 146, 234.

[580] Ibid., pp. 208, 209, 213.

[581] J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 117.

[582] Trial, vol. i, pp. 245, 246.

[583] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 200.

[584] De Beaurepaire, Recherches, loc. cit. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 122-124. L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition, pp. 389-395.

[585] Trial, vol. i, pp. 117, 300.

[586] Trial, vol. ii, p. 362.

[587] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 63.

[588] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 72-82. A. Sorel, loc. cit., pp. 243, 247.

[589] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 10, 342; vol. iii, pp. 140, 141, 156, 160 et seq.

[590] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 181.

[591] Ibid., p. 141.

[592] Tractatus de hæresi pauperum de Lugduno, apud Martene, Thesaurus anecd., vol. v, col. 1787. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 131, 132.

[593] Eymeric, Directorium, part iii, Cautelæ inquisitorum contra hæreticorum cavilationes et fraudes.

[594] L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition en France, p. 394.

[595] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 10, 342.

[596] Vallet de Viriville, Nouvelles recherches sur Agnès Sorel, pp. 33 et seq. Du Cange, Glossaire, at the word Matrimonium.

[597] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 102, 209.

[598] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 155, 163.

[599] A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 40.

[600] Trial, vol. iii, p. 175.

[601] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 217, 218.

[602] Trial, vol. i, pp. 27, 28.

[603] Ibid., pp. 28, 29.

[604] Ibid., pp. 29, 31.

[605] Trial, vol. i, pp. 31-33.

[606] Ibid., p. 32. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 102. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 24-27. Le P. Chapotin, La guerre de cent ans, Jeanne d'Arc et les dominicains, pp. 141-143. A. Sarrazin, P. Cauchon, p. 124.

[607] Trial, vol. i, p. 33.

[608] Trial, vol. i, p. 35. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 394. Doinel, Mémoire de la Société archéologique-historique de l'Orléanais, 1892, vol. xxiv, p. 403. Le P. Chapotin, La guerre de cent ans, Jeanne d'Arc et les dominicains, p. 141. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 32.

[609] Trial, vol. i, p. 35.

[610] Ibid., pp. 40-42.

[611] Trial, vol. i, pp. 38, 39.

[612] Ibid., pp. 42-43.

[613] Ibid., p. 43.

[614] Ibid., p. 43.

[615] Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Le procès de Jeanne d'Arc et l'Université de Paris.

[616] Trial, vol. i, pp. 88, 94, 151, 155, passim.

[617] Trial, vol. i, p. 45.

[618] Ibid., p. 46.

[619] Ibid., pp. 46-47.

[620] Trial, vol. i, p. 47.

[621] Ibid., pp. 47, 48.

[622] Trial, vol. i, p. 48.

[623] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 131-136.

[624] Ibid., p. 135.

[625] Trial, vol. i, p. 48. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, pp. 323, 324.

[626] L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition, p. 420.

[627] Trial, vol. i, pp. 48-50.

[628] Ibid., p. 50.

[629] Du Boulay, Historia Universitatis Paris., vol. v, p. 919. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 27-30.

[630] Trial, vol. i, p. 51.

[631] Ibid.

[632] Ibid., pp. 51, 52.

[633] Trial, vol. i, p. 52.

[634] Bréhal, Mémoires et consultations en faveur de Jeanne d'Arc, ed. Lanéry d'Arc, p. 409.

[635] See Appendix I, Letter from Doctor G. Dumas.

[636] Trial, vol. i, p. 52.

[637] Ibid., pp. 53, 54.

[638] Ibid., p. 54.

[639] Ibid., pp. 55, 56; vol. v, p. 95.

[640] Trial, vol. ii, p. 456; vol. iii, pp. 91, 92. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 104. Eberhard Windecke, pp. 152, 153. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 131-133. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iv, p. 440, ch. i, La royauté de Jésus Christ.

[641] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 89, 142, 161, 176, 178, 201.

[642] Ibid., p. 4.

[643] Ibid., vol. i, p. 56.

[644] Ibid., p. 56.

[645] We find it impossible to agree with Quicherat (Aperçus nouveaux) and admit that Jeanne gradually invented the fable of the crown during her examination and while her judges were questioning her as to "the sign." The manner in which the judges conducted this part of their examination proves that they were acquainted with the whole of the extraordinary story.

[646] Legenda Aurea, ed. 1846, pp. 789 et seq.

[647] Trial, vol. i, pp. 120-122.

[648] Ibid., p. 90.

[649] Ibid., p. 56.

[650] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 57.

[651] Jean Bréhal, Mémoires et consultations en faveur de Jeanne d'Arc, ed. Lanéry d'Arc, p. 409.

[652] Trial, vol. iii, p. 57.

[653] Ibid., p. 48.

[654] Ibid., vol. i, p. 57.

[655] Ibid., pp. 61, 70.

[656] Trial, vol. i, p. 62.

[657] Ibid., pp. 61-64.

[658] Ibid., p. 279.

[659] Ibid., pp. 58-60.

[660] Ibid., pp. 60, 61.

[661] Grandes chroniques, ed. P. Paris, vol. v, p. 188.

[662] Trial, vol. i, p. 64.

[663] E. Hinzelin, Chez Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 37, 177.

[664] Trial, vol. i, pp. 64, 65.

[665] Ibid., p. 65. "Souvent on est blâmé de trop parler," a proverb common in the 15th century. Cf. Le Roux de Lincy, Les proverbes français, vol. ii, p. 417.

[666] Trial, vol. i, p. 65.

[667] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 21, 358.

[668] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 65-68.

[669] Ibid., p. 68.

[670] The French expression runs, "se resemblent comme deux sœurs."

[671] Trial, vol. i, p. 68.

[672] Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 48, 49.

[673] Trial, vol. iii, p. 51.

[674] Ibid., p. 49.

[675] Ibid., pp. 51, 52.

[676] What induces me to fix this illness on the 25th of February is Jean Beaupère's question at the sitting of the 27th, "How have you been?" and Jeanne's ironical reply. This indisposition must not be confused, as it generally has been, with Jeanne's serious illness, which occurred after Easter. The shad and the herrings belong naturally to Lent; and Maître Delachambre says explicitly that Jeanne recovered after the bleeding.

[677] Trial, vol. i, p. 70.

[678] Ibid., pp. 68, 69.

[679] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 332, 362; vol. iii, pp. 60, 133, 141, 156, 162, 173, 181.

[680] Ibid., vol. i, p. 70.

[681] Ibid., p. 71.

[682] Trial, vol. i, p. 72.

[683] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations en faveur de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 406.

[684] Trial, vol. i, p. 72.

[685] Ibid., pp. 72, 73.

[686] Trial, vol. i, p. 73.

[687] Ibid., pp. 74, 75.

[688] Ibid., p. 75. I have re-inserted "my fine lord" according to Trial, vol. iii, p. 80.

[689] Trial, vol. i, pp. 75-77.

[690] Ibid., pp. 77, 78.

[691] Ibid., p. 78.

[692] Ibid., p. 34; vol. ii, p. 318.

[693] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 350, 365.

[694] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 79, 80.

[695] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 11, 341.

[696] See the evidence of Thomas de Courcelles in Trial, vol. iii, p. 38.

[697] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 12, 300, 341; vol. iii, p. 138.

[698] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 12, 203, 252, 300; vol. iii, pp. 50, 138.

[699] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 252, 326, 354, 356; vol. iii, pp. 171, 172.

[700] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 356, 359.

[701] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 80, 81.

[702] Ibid., p. 82.

[703] Analecta juris Pontif., vol. xiv, p. 117.

[704] Trial, vol. i, pp. 82, 84.

[705] The expression, "À Dieu vous recommande, Dieu soit garde de vous," occurs in the letters to the people of Tournai, to those of Troyes and of Reims, and in the letter to the Duke of Burgundy. And what is still more significant, in two of these letters, one to the people of Troyes, the other to the Duke of Burgundy, are the words: "Le Roi du ciel, mon droiturier et souverain seigneur." Trial, vol. i, p. 246.

[706] Ibid., pp. 82, 83.

[707] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 27, 32, 75, 82.

[708] Trial, vol. i, pp. 84, 85.

[709] Trial, vol. i, p. 86.

[710] Le Loyer, iv, Livres des Spectres, Angers, 1605, in 4to.

[711] Trial, vol. i, p. 86.

[712] Ibid., pp. 86, 87. Vallet de Viriville, Les anneaux de Jeanne d'Arc, in Mémoires de la Société des Antiquaires de France, vol. xxx, 1868, pp. 82, 97.

[713] Trial, vol. i, p. 86.

[714] Ibid., p. 89.

[715] A. Maury, Croyances et légendes du moyen âge, pp. 171 et seq.

[716] Trial, vol. i, p. 90.

[717] Trial, vol. i, pp. 90, 91.

[718] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 16.

[719] De Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès de condamnation, p. 115.

[720] Trial, vol. ii, p. 16.

[721] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 91, 92.

[722] Trial, vol. i, p. 93.

[723] Ibid., p. 94.

[724] Ibid., pp. 95-97.

[725] Ibid., p. 99.

[726] Chronique de la Pucelle, p. 301. Journal du siège, pp. 98, 99.

[727] Trial, vol. i, p. 101.

[728] Ibid., p. 89.

[729] Trial, vol. i, p. 102.

[730] Ibid., p. 103.

[731] Lea (1906), vol. iii, p. 456.

[732] Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, p. 237.

[733] Trial, vol. i, p. 104.

[734] Trial, vol. i, p. 111.

[735] Ibid., pp. 111, 112.

[736] Ibid., p. 113.

[737] Gélu, Questio quinta, in Mémoires et consultations en faveur de Jeanne d'Arc, ed. Lanéry d'Arc, pp. 593 et seq.

[738] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 299 et seq.

[739] Ibid., vol. i, p. 117.

[740] Ibid., pp. 117, 119.

[741] On the contrary it was then that they began to argue against her or that they began to argue most effectively. She seems to forget that the interview at Chinon preceded the examination at Poitiers. It is interesting to notice that Brother Pasquerel, who was informed of these matters by her, makes the same error in his evidence.

[742] Trial, vol. i, pp. 120, 122.

[743] Trial, vol. i, pp. 122-124.

[744] Ibid., p. 125.

[745] Trial, vol. i, p. 126.

[746] Ibid.

[747] Ibid.

[748] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations, pp. 224, 434, 435. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i, pp. 351 et seq., 481 et seq.

[749] Trial, vol. i, p. 128.

[750] Ibid.

[751] Chronique des quatre premiers Valois, p. 47.

[752] II Corinthians, iv.

[753] Galatians v, 18. Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations, p. 275.

[754] Trial, vol. i, p. 130.

[755] Trial, vol. i, pp. 130, 131.

[756] Ibid., pp. 131, 132.

[757] Ibid., vol. v, p. 252. E. de Bouteiller and G. de Braux, Nouvelles recherches sur la famille de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 14, 15. S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy, pp. xlvi et seq.

[758] Trial, vol. i, p. 133.

[759] Trial, vol. i, p. 134.

[760] Ibid., pp. 134, 138.

[761] Ibid., p. 139.

[762] Trial, vol. i, pp. 140, 141.

[763] About ten feet (W.S.).

[764] Trial, vol. i, pp. 141-142.

[765] "Fleure bon et fleurera bon, pourvu qu'elle soit bien gardée."

[766] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations, p. 212. Le P. Ayroles, La vraie Jeanne d'Arc, vol. i, p. 346.

[767] Trial, vol. i, p. 144.

[768] Trial, vol. i, p. 145.

[769] Ibid., p. 146.

[770] Eberhard Windecke, pp. 184, 186.

[771] Trial, vol. i, pp. 147, 148.

[772] Ibid., pp. 150, 152.

[773] Ibid., p. 157.

[774] Trial, vol. i, pp. 154, 156.

[775] Trial, vol. i, p. 156.

[776] Ibid., p. 157.

[777] See ante, pp. 124 et seq. (W.S.).

[778] Trial, vol. i, pp. 158, 159.

[779] Ibid., pp. 159, 161.

[780] Trial, vol. i, p. 162.

[781] Ayde-toy, Dieu te aidera. Le Jouvencel, vol. ii, p. 33.

[782] Trial, vol. i, pp. 163, 164.

[783] Trial, vol. i, pp. 165, 166.

[784] Ibid., pp. 166-169.

[785] Trial, vol. i, pp. 170, 171.

[786] Ibid., p. 173.

[787] Ibid.

[788] S. Luce, Jeanne d'Arc à Domremy. Proofs and illustrations, pp. 74, 75.

[789] Trial, vol. i, p. 174.

[790] Trial, vol. i, pp. 174, 176.

[791] Trial, vol. i, p. 178.

[792] Ibid., p. 180.

[793] Ibid., p. 181.

[794] Ibid., pp. 182-183.

[795] Martène and Durand, Thesaurus novus anecdotorum, vol. v, col. 1760 et seq.

[796] Trial, vol. i, p. 183.

[797] Ibid., p. 184.

[798] Ibid., pp. 184, 185.

[799] Trial, vol. i, p. 185.

[800] Trial, vol. i, p. 187.

[801] Ibid.

[802] Ibid., p. 194.

[803] Ibid., p. 195.

[804] J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 130, 131. E. Méru, Directorium Inquisitorium, Romæ, 1578, p. 295.

[805] Trial, vol. i, pp. 200, 201. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 129, 130.

[806] L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition, pp. 400 et seq. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 34.

[807] Méru, Directorium Inquisitorium, p. 147.

[808] Trial, vol. i, p. 201.

[809] Trial, vol. i, pp. 202-323.

[810] Ibid., p. 202.

[811] Ibid., pp. 324, 325.

[812] Ibid., p. 327; vol. iii, p. 143.

[813] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 60. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 38.

[814] Trial, vol. iii, p. 232. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, pp. 124, 129.

[815] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 22, 212; vol. iii, p. 306; vol. v, p. 461.

[816] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 328, 336.

[817] Ibid., p. 337.

[818] Trial, vol. i, pp. 337, 374.

[819] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 51.

[820] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 374-375.

[821] Trial, vol. i, pp. 376, 378.

[822] Ibid., p. 379.

[823] Ibid., pp. 380, 381.

[824] Trial, vol. i, p. 381.

[825] Ibid., pp. 381, 382.

[826] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 114, 117.

[827] Trial, vol. i, pp. 383, 399.

[828] Trial, vol. i, pp. 400, 401.

[829] Nicolas Eymeric, Directorium inquisitorium.... Rome, 1586, in fol. p. 24, col. 1. Ludovicus a Paramo, De origine et progressu officii sanctæ inquisitionis, MDXCIIX, in fol., lib. III, questio 5, p. 709.

[830] Trial, vol. i, p. 399.

[831] Ibid., pp. 399, 400.

[832] Ibid., pp. 401, 402.

[833] Trial, vol. i, pp. 402, 404.

[834] Recueil des historiens de la France, vol. xx, p. 601; vol. xxi, p. 34. Histoire littéraire de la France, vol. xxvii, p. 70.

[835] Trial, vol. i, pp. 407, 413, 420. M. Fournier, La faculté de décret de l'Université de Paris, p. 353. Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. iv, pp. 510 et seq.

[836] Trial, vol. i, pp. 407, 408. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 42.

[837] The University of Paris (W.S.).

[838] Trial, vol. i, pp. 414, 419.

[839] Ibid., p. 414. Migne, Dictionnaire des sciences occultes.

[840] Trial, vol. i, pp. 417, 420.

[841] From a theological point of view the record of the Poitiers trial may have been insignificant; but at any rate it contained the arguments presented to the King and the memoranda of Gélu and of Gerson.

[842] Trial, vol. i, pp. 404, 429.

[843] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 429, 430.

[844] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 126-127.

[845] Trial, vol. i, p. 430.

[846] Trial, vol. i, pp. 430, 437.

[847] Du Boulay, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. v, p. 929.

[848] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 88.

[849] Trial, vol. i, pp. 437, 441.

[850] Ibid., pp. 441, 442.

[851] Trial, vol. ii, p. 21.

[852] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 146. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 445 et seq.

[853] Old name for a cemetery close to a church. Godefroy, Lexique de l'ancien français (W.S.).

[854] Trial, vol. ii, p. 351.

[855] Trial, vol. iii, p. 54.

[856] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur le cimetière de Saint-Ouen de Rouen, in Précis analytique des travaux de l'Académie de Rouen 1875-1876, pp. 211, 230, plan. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc et l'authenticité de sa formule, p. 44. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 351.

[857] Trial, vol. i, pp. 442, 444. O'Reilly, Les deux procès, vol. i, pp. 70-93.

[858] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 402, 408.

[859] Trial, vol. iii, p. 113.

[860] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 469, 470.

[861] Ibid., p. 444. E. Richer, Histoire manuscrite de la Pucelle d'Orléans, bk. i, fol. 8; bk. ii, fol. 198, vo.

[862] Trial, vol. iii, p. 61.

[863] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 15, 17.

[864] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 456, 457. U. Chevalier, L'abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 46, 47.

[865] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 15, 17, 335, 345, 353, 367.

[866] Ibid., p. 17.

[867] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 444, 445.

[868] Ibid., p. 445.

[869] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 358.

[870] Ibid., vol. i, p. 445.

[871] Trial, vol. i, pp. 445, 446.

[872] Ibid., p. 446.

[873] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 146.

[874] Ibid., vol. i, p. 473.

[875] Trial, vol. iii, p. 146.

[876] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 17, 331; vol. iii, pp. 52, 156.

[877] Ibid., p. 123.

[878] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 474, 475.

[879] Ibid., p. 473 note.

[880] Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 65, 147, 149, 273. De Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès, p. 358.

[881] Trial, vol. ii, p. 323.

[882] Ibid., pp. 137, 376.

[883] Ibid., p. 356; vol. iii, pp. 157, 178.

[884] Ibid., p. 55.

[885] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 90, 147, 156.

[886] Ibid., pp. 52, 65, 132, 156, 197. U. Chevalier, L'Abjuration de Jeanne d'Arc.

[887] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 156, 157 (evidence of Jean Massieu, Usher of the court).

[888] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 323.

[889] Trial, vol. iii, p. 157.

[890] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 331; vol. iii, p. 157. This deed, written in a large hand and containing but a few lines, appears to be an abridgment of that contained in the Trial, vol. i, pp. 447, 448 (cf. vol. iii, pp. 156, 197).

[891] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 156, 197.

[892] Trial, vol. ii, p. 338; vol. iii, p. 147.

[893] Ibid., pp. 55, 143.

[894] Ibid., p. 123.

[895] Trial, vol. ii, p. 361. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 135.

[896] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 147, 156.

[897] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 376.

[898] Ibid., p. 17; vol. iii, p. 164.

[899] Trial, vol. i, pp. 450, 452.

[900] Ibid., p. 452.

[901] L. Tanon, Tribunaux de l'inquisition, p. 454.

[902] Trial, vol. ii, p. 14.

[903] Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 52, 149.

[904] Ibid., vol. i, p. 19.

[905] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 14.

[906] Ibid., p. 376.

[907] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 452-453.

[908] Trial, vol. iii, p. 155.

[909] Ibid., p. 89.

[910] Trial, vol. iii, p. 148.

[911] Trial, vol. ii, p. 14; vol. iii, p. 148.

[912] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, pp. 82 et seq.

[913] Trial, vol. ii, p. 354.

[914] Ibid., vol. iii, pp. 158, 180.

[915] Ibid., vol. i, p. 454; vol. iii, p. 148.

[916] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 5. Isambart's evidence refers to this day, the 28th.

[917] Trial, vol. i, pp. 455-457.

[918] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 5, 8, 365; vol. iii, pp. 148, 149.

[919] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 18.

[920] Trial, vol. ii, p. 18.

[921] "Responsio mortifera," wrote the notary Boisguillaume in the margin of his minutes. Trial, vol. i, pp. 456, 457.

[922] Trial, vol. i, pp. 456-458.

[923] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 5, 8, 305.

[924] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 459, 467.

[925] Bernard Gui, Pratique, part iii, p. 144. L. Tanon, Tribunaux de l'inquisition, pp. 464 et seq.

[926] Trial, vol. i, pp. 462, 463.

[927] Ibid., p. 463.

[928] L. Tanon, Tribunaux de l'inquisition, pp. 472, 473.

[929] Trial, vol. i, pp. 463, 467.

[930] Trial, vol. i, p. 466.

[931] Ibid., pp. 467, 469.

[932] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 3, 4 (evidence of Brother Isambart de la Pierre). Ibid., p. 8 (evidence of Brother Martin Ladvenu).

[933] Trial, vol. i, p. 481. (In the Introduction I have given my reasons for regarding the information given after the death of the Maid as possessing great historical significance.)

[934] Trial, vol. i, pp. 462-467.

[935] Ibid., p. 479. Or "to such of you as are churchmen." Ibid., p. 482 (information furnished after her death).

[936] Robillard de Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges.

[937] Trial, vol. i, p. 480.

[938] Ibid., pp. 480, 481 (information furnished after her death).

[939] Ibid., pp. 482, 483.

[940] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 114 (evidence of Brother Jehan Toutmouillé).

[941] Trial, vol. i, pp. 481, 482 (information given after Jeanne's death).

[942] Textus decretalium, lib. v, ch. iv.

[943] Ignace de Doellinger, La Papauté, traduit par A. Giraud-Teulon, Paris, 1904, in 8vo, p. 105.

[944] Trial, vol. iii, p. 158.

[945] Trial, vol. ii, p. 334.

[946] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 19, 334. De Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès, pp. 116, 117.

[947] Trial, vol. i, pp. 482, 483 (information procured after Jeanne's death).

[948] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 19, 308, 320; vol. iii, pp. 114, 158, 183, 197.

[949] For Jeanne's communion see also De Beaurepaire, Recherches sur le procès, pp. 116-117.

[950] Trial, vol. iii, p. 191.

[951] Ibid., vol. i, p. 485. Maître N. Taquel would lead us to believe that the interrogatories took place after Jeanne's communion, but this can hardly be admitted.

[952] Trial, vol. ii, p. 320; vol. iii, p. 162.

[953] A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 369.

[954] Bouquet, Rouen aux différentes époques de son histoire, pp. 25 et seq. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, pp. 374, 375. De Beaurepaire, Mémoires sur le lieu du supplice de Jeanne d'Arc, with plan of the Old Market Square of Rouen according to the Livre de fontaine de 1525, Rouen, 1867, in 8vo.

[955] De Beaurepaire, Note sur la prise du château de Rouen, par Ricarville, Rouen, 1857, in 8vo, p. 5.

[956] Bouquet, Jeanne d'Arc au château de Rouen, p. 25. De Beaurepaire, Mémoire sur le lieu du supplice de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 32. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, pp. 376 et seq.

[957] Trial, vol. iv, p. 459.

[958] Trial, vol. i, pp. 470; vol. ii, pp. 14, 303, 328; vol. iii, pp. 159, 173.

[959] Ibid., vol. i, p. 470; vol. ii, p. 334; vol. iii, pp. 53, 114, 159.

[960] Chapter xii, 26 (W.S.).

[961] Trial, vol. iii, p. 194.

[962] Ibid., p. 159.

[963] L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition, p. 374.

[964] Trial, vol. ii, p. 19; vol. iii, p. 177.

[965] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 19, 351.

[966] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 56.

[967] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 6, 20; vol. iii, pp. 53, 177, 186.

[968] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 188. A. Sarrazin, Jeanne d'Arc et la Normandie, p. 386. Guedon and Ladvenu added to their evidence that not long afterwards a certain Georges Folenfant was also given up to the secular arm. But the Archbishop and the Inquisitor sent Ladvenu to the Bailie "in order to warn him that the said Georges was not to be treated like the Maid who was burned without the pronouncement of any definite and final sentence." Trial, vol. ii, p. 9.

[969] Ibid., p. 344.

[970] Falconbridge, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 459. Yet Martin Ladvenu says "until the last hour," etc., which is obviously false.

[971] Trial, vol. iii, p. 53.

[972] Shakespeare, Henry VI, part 1, act i, scene 1.

[973] Trial, vol. ii, p. 6; vol. iii, pp. 53, 191, 375.

[974] Missel Romain, Office des morts. Cf. Le P. C. Clair, Le Dies iræ, histoire, traduction et commentaire, Paris, in 8vo, 1881, pp. 38-142.

[975] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 6, 20.

[976] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 170.

[977] Ibid., p. 186.

[978] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 8; vol. iii, pp. 169, 194.

[979] Ibid., vol. ii, p. 7.

[980] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 186.

[981] Trial, vol. iii, p. 191. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 269, 270.

[982] L. Tanon, Histoire des tribunaux de l'inquisition, p. 478.

[983] Chronique des cordeliers, fol. 507 verso. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 269.

[984] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 159, 160, 185; vol. iv, p. 518. Th. Basin, Histoire de Charles VII et de Louis XI, vol. i, p. 83. Th. Cochard, Existe-t-il des reliques de Jeanne d'Arc? Orléans, 1891, in 8vo.

[985] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 7, 352, 366.

[986] Trial, vol. i, pp. 493, 495.

[987] Le P. Denifle and Chatelain, Cartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. iv, p. 527.

[988] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 240, 243.

[989] Trial, vol. i, pp. 485, 496; vol. iv, p. 403. Monstrelet, vol. iv, ch. cv.

[990] Trial, vol. i, pp. 496, 500.

[991] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 270, 272. This sermon contains curious inaccuracies. Are they the fault of the Inquisitor or of the author of Le Journal?

[992] Trial, vol. iv, p. 473.

[993] Th. Basin, Histoire de Charles VII et de Louis XI, vol. iv, pp. 103, 104. Monstrelet, ch. lxiii. Bougenot, Deux documents inédits relatifs à Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue bleue, 13 Feb., 1892, pp. 203, 204.

[994] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 3, 344, 348, 373; vol. iii, p. 189; vol. v, pp. 169, 179, 181. Dibon, Essai sur Louviers, Rouen, 1836, in 8vo, pp. 33 et seq. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, pp. 246 et seq.

[995] Le P. Denifle, La désolation des églises de France vers le milieu du XVe siècle, vol. i, p. xvi.

[996] Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. i, p. 132. Monstrelet, vol. iv, p. 433. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 265.

[997] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 272.

[998] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 272.

[999] Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 248. De Beaurepaire, Recherches sur les juges, p. 43.

[1000] Lea, History of the Inquisition, vol. iii, 377 (ed. 1905).

[1001] Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, pp. 263, 264.

[1002] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 274.

[1003] Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 264.

[1004] Martial d'Auvergne, Vigiles, ed. Coustelier, vol. i.

[1005] Gruel, Chronique d'Arthur de Richemont, p. 81. Vallet de Viriville, in Nouvelle biographie générale. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 297. E. Cosneau, Le connétable de Richemont, pp. 200, 201.

[1006] Perceval de Cagny, pp. 170, 173, passim.

[1007] Carlier, Histoire des Valois, 1764, in 4to, vol. ii, p. 442. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. i, p. 307. The Regent also believed in astrology (B.N. MS. 1352).

[1008] Gruel, Chronique d'Arthur de Richemont, pp. 120, 121. Dom Félibien, Histoire de Paris, vol. iv, p. 597.

[1009] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud de Metz, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 321, 324. Jacomin Husson, Chronique de Metz, ed. Michelant, Metz, 1870, pp. 64, 65. Cf. Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue des questions historiques, October, 1871, pp. 562 et seq. Vergniaud-Romagnési, Des portraits de Jeanne d'Arc et de la fausse Jeanne d'Arc, in Mémoires de la Société d'Agriculture d'Orléans, vol. i (1853), pp. 250, 253. De Puymaigre, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue nouvelle d'Alsace-Lorraine, vol. v (1885), pp. 533 et seq. A. France, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue des familles, 15 February, 1891.

[1010] Varanius alone says that Jacques d'Arc died of sorrow at the loss of his daughter. Trial, vol. v, p. 85.

[1011] Ibid., p. 280.

[1012] Ibid., pp. 279, 280. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 6, note 1.

[1013] Trial, vol. v, p. 210. Lefèvre de Saint-Rémy, vol. ii, p. 176.

[1014] Trial, vol. v, pp. 321, 324.

[1015] Le Metz ancien (Metz, 1856, 2 vol. in folio) by the Baron d'Hannoncelles, which contains the genealogy of Nicole Lowe.

[1016] "And was recognised by divers tokens" (enseignes) (Trial, vol. v, p. 322). M. Lecoy de la Marche (Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue des questions historiques, October, 1871, p. 565), and M. Gaston Save (Jehanne des Armoises, Pucelle d'Orléans, Nancy, 1893, p. 11) understand that she was recognised by several officers or ensigns (enseignes). I have interpreted enseignes in the ordinary sense of marks on the skin, birth-marks. (Cf. La Curne.)

[1017] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, p. 322.

[1018] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 354.

[1019] Nevertheless see on this subject M. Germain Lefèvre-Pontalis, who is our authority for this prophecy (Eberhard Windecke, pp. 108-111).

[1020] The republic of Metz (W.S.)

[1021] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, p. 322. Chronique de Philippe de Vigneulles, in Les chroniques Messines of Huguenin, p. 198.

[1022] Trial, vol. ii, p. 457. L. Champion, Jeanne d'Arc écuyère, ch. ii, ch. vi.

[1023] Variant of La chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud sent from Metz to Pierre du Puy, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 322, 324.

[1024] Ibid., pp. 322, 324.

[1025] D. Calmet, Histoire de Lorraine, vol. vii. Proofs and illustrations, col. vi.

[1026] Trial, vol. v, pp. 322, 324. Eberhard Windecke, p. 108. Morosini, vol. iii, p. 62, note.

[1027] M. le Baron de Braux was kind enough to write to me from Boucq near Foug, Meurthe-et-Moselle, on the 28th of June, 1896, explaining that Bacquillon (Trial, vol. v, p. 322) is an erroneous reading of one of the manuscripts of the Doyen of Saint-Thibaud. "By comparing," he added, "the various versions (V. Quicherat and Les chroniques Messines) we may ascertain that it is really Vaucouleurs, Valquelou," mistaken for Bacquillon.

[1028] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 406, 408, 445, 449.

[1029] The Chronique de Tournai says of the true Jeanne that she came from Mareville, a small town between Metz and Pont-à-Mousson. "This Jeanne had long dwelt and served in a métairie [a kind of farm] of this place."

[1030] Chronique du doyen Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 322, 324. Lecoy de la Marche, Jeanne des Armoises, p. 566. G. Save, Jehanne des Armoises, pucelle d'Orléans, p. 14.

[1031] Trial, vol. v, pp. 352 et seq.

[1032] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 322, 324. Dom Lelong, Histoire du diocèse de Laon, 1783, p. 371. Abbé Ledouble, Les origines de Liesse et du pèlerinage de Notre-Dame, Soissons, 1885, pp. 6 et seq.

[1033] Trial, vol. v, p. 322, note 2. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 21, note 1.

[1034] Chronique normande (MS. in the British Museum), in Trial, vol. iv, p. 344. Symphorien Champier, Nef des Dames, Lyon, 1503, ibid.

[1035] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 272. Chronique normande, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, second series, vol. iii, p. 116. D. Calmet, Histoire de Lorraine, p. vi, proofs and illustrations. G. Save, Jehanne des Armoises, pp. 6, 7. It is well known that Gabriel Naudé maintained the paradox that Jeanne was only burned in effigy. Considérations politiques sur les coups d'état, Rome, 1639, in 4to. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 8.

[1036] Lanéry d'Arc, Le culte de Jeanne d'Arc, Orléans, 1887, in 8vo. Revue du Midi.

[1037] Trial, vol. v, p. 275. Lottin, Recherches, vol. ii, p. 286.

[1038] Trial, vol. v, p. 262. Lecoy de la Marche, Jeanne des Armoises, p. 568.

[1039] He died at the age of one hundred and eighteen. Trial, iii, p. 29.

[1040] Trial, vol. v, p. 326. Vallet de Viriville, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. ii, p. 376, note. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 23, note 5.

[1041] Trial, vol. v, p. 327.

[1042] Trial, vol. v, p. 326. Lottin, Recherches, vol. i, pp. 284-285.

[1043] Since 1432. But there is no evidence of any anniversary service having been held in 1433 and 1434. It was reinstituted in 1439.

[1044] Trial, vol. v, pp. 274, 275. Lottin, Recherches, vol. i, p. 286.

[1045] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, p. 323. Jean Nider, Formicarium, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 325. Lecoy de la Marche, loc. cit., p. 566.

[1046] Art de vérifier les dates, vol. xv, pp. 236 et seq. Gallia Christiana, vol. xiii, pp. 970 et seq.; Gams, Series Episcoporum (1873), pp. 317, 319.

[1047] Quicherat, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 502, note, erroneously states that the contest for the Archbishopric of Trèves was between Raban of Helmstat and Jacques of Syrck. Concerning Jacques of Syrck or Sierck, see de Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iv, p. 264.

[1048] Jean Nider, Formicarium, book v, ch. viii. D. Calmet, Histoire de Lorraine, vol. ii, p. 906.

[1049] Trial, vol. i, pp. 245-246.

[1050] Jean Nider, Formicarium, in Trial, vol. iv, p. 502; vol. v, p. 324.

[1051] H. Vincent, La maison des Armoises, originaire de Champagne, in Mémoires de la Société d'Archéologie Lorraine, 3rd series, vol. v (1877), p. 324. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 2, note 4.

[1052] In his Histoire de Lorraine (vol. v, pp. clxiv et seq.), Dom Calmet says that the contract of marriage between Robert des Armoises and the Maid of France, which had long been preserved in the family, was lost in his day. There is no need to regret it, for it is now known that this contract was forged by Father Jérôme Vignier. Le Comte de Marsy (La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, Claude des Armoises; du degré de confiance à accorder aux découvertes de Jérôme Vignier, Compiègne, 1890) and M. Tamizey de Larroque (Revue critique, the 20th October, 1890). For Vignier's other forgeries cf. Julien Havet, Questions Mérovingiennes, ii.

[1053] Jean Nider, Formicarium, bk. v, ch. viii. Trial, vol. iv, pp. 503, 504.

[1054] The preceding deed, by which "Robert des Harmoises et la Pucelle Jehanne d'Arc, sa femme," acquired the estate of Fléville, is very doubtful (D. Calmet, 2nd edition, vol. v, p. clxiv, note).

[1055] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, p. 323. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 354-355.

[1056] Trial, vol. iii, p. 206, note 2.

[1057] Ibid., p. 219.

[1058] Jean Nider, Formicarium, in Trial, vol. v, p. 325.

[1059] Chronique du doyen de Saint-Thibaud, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 323-324.

[1060] Trial, vol. i, p. 183.

[1061] Ibid., vol. i, pp. 106, 108, 119, 296. Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris.

[1062] Extracts from the accounts of the town of Orléans, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 331-332. Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 570-571.

[1063] Original documents of Orléans, in Trial, vol. v, p. 270.

[1064] Trial, vol. v, p. 274. Lottin, Recherches, vol. i, p. 286.

[1065] Extracts from the accounts of the town of Orléans, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 331-332. Lottin, Recherches, vol. i, p. 287.

[1066] Trial, vol. v, p. 260.

[1067] Ibid., pp. 112-113.

[1068] Trial, vol. iii, p. 17; vol. v, p. 327.

[1069] Ibid., vol. v, p. 332. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 23-24.

[1070] Trial, vol. v, p. 332.

[1071] Vallet de Viriville, Notices et extraits de chartes et de manuscrits appartenant au British Museum, in Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, vol. viii, 1846, p. 116.

[1072] Abbé Bossard, Gille de Rais, p. 174.

[1073] Pardon, in Trial, vol. v, pp. 332-334.

[1074] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 335. Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 574.

[1075] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 338 et seq. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iii, pp. 384 et seq.

[1076] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, p. 270.

[1077] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iii, ch. xvi.

[1078] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 354, 355. Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 574.

[1079] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, loc. cit.

[1080] Journal d'un bourgeois de Paris, pp. 354, 355. Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 574. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 27.

[1081] Vergnaud-Romagnési, Des portraits de Jeanne d'Arc et de la fausse Jeanne d'Arc and Mémoire sur les fausses Jeanne d'Arc, in Les Mémoires de la Société d'Agriculture d'Orléans, 1854, in 8vo.

[1082] Trial, vol. v, pp. 210, 213.

[1083] Trial, vol. v, p. 279.

[1084] Trial, vol. v, pp. 212, 214. Lottin, Recherches, vol. i, p. 287. Duleau, Vidimus d'une charte de Charles VII, concédant à Pierre du Lys la possession de l'Isle-aux-Bœufs, Orléans, 1860, in 8vo. 6. G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, p. 28, note 1.

[1085] I have not made use of the very late evidence given by Pierre Sala (Trial, vol. iv, p. 281). It is vague and somewhat legendary, and cannot possibly be introduced into the Life of La Dame des Armoises. For the bibliography of this interesting subject, see Lanéry d'Arc, Le livre d'or de Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 573, 580, and G. Lefèvre-Pontalis, La fausse Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1895, in 8vo, concerning the account given by M. Gaston Save.

There are those who have supposed, without adducing any proof, that this pseudo-Jeanne was a sister of the Maid (Lebrun de Charmettes, Histoire de Jeanne d'Arc, vol. iv, pp. 291 et seq.). Francis André, La vérité sur Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1895, in 18mo, pp. 75 et seq.

[1086] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iii, p. 335.

[1087] Le P. Ayroles, La Pucelle devant l'église de son temps, p. 10.

[1088] Trial, vol. iii, p. 565.

[1089] Ibid., vol. i, p. 403.

[1090] Ordonnances, vol. xiii, pp. 267, 291. Preuves des libertés de l'église gallicane, edited by Lenglet-Dufresnoy, second part, p. 6. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iii, pp. 353, 361. N. Arlos, Histoire de la pragmatique sanction, etc.

[1091] Hefelé, Histoire de l'Église gallicane, vol. xx, p. 357. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iii, p. 363. De Beaurepaire, Les états de Normandie sous la domination anglaise, pp. 66, 67, 185, 188.

[1092] Du Boulay, Hist. Universitatis, vol. v, p. 431. De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges, p. 28.

[1093] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 10, 12, 332, 362; vol. iii, pp. 60, 133, 141, 145, 156, 162, 173, 181.

[1094] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges et assesseurs du procès de condamnation, pp. 78, 82.

[1095] J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 106.

[1096] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. iii, p. 372.

[1097] De Beaurepaire, Les états de Normandie sous la domination anglaise, pp. 66, 67, 185, 188. De Beaucourt, loc. cit. p. 362.

[1098] De Beaurepaire, loc. cit., p. 17. Notes sur les juges et assesseurs du procès de condamnation, p. 117. Recherches sur le procès, p. 124.

[1099] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. v, ch. i.

[1100] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations en faveur de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 249.

[1101] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 1, 22.

[1102] Gallia Christiana, vol. iii, col. 1129 and vol. xi, col. 90. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. v, p. 219. Le P. Ayroles, La Pucelle devant l'église de son temps, ch. vi.

[1103] De Beaurepaire, Les états de Normandie sous la domination anglaise, pp. 185, 188.

[1104] Trial, vol. v, p. 276.

[1105] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 108, 112.

[1106] Ibid., p. 95. Le P. Ayroles, La Pucelle devant l'église de son temps, p. 607. J. Belon and F. Balme, Jean Bréhal, grand inquisiteur de France et la réhabilitation de Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1893, in 4to.

[1107] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 82, 92.

[1108] Ibid., pp. 92, 112.

[1109] Ibid., pp. 193, 196.

[1110] Ibid., pp. 291, 463; vol. iii, pp. 1, 202.

[1111] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 378, 463.

[1112] Ibid., vol. v, pp. 112, 113, 331.

[1113] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 23, 35.

[1114] Ibid., pp. 1, 19.

[1115] Ibid., vol. iii, p. 202.

[1116] Ibid., pp. 2 et seq.

[1117] Ibid., p. 16.

[1118] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. vi, p. 43. P. Dupuy, Histoire des Templiers, 1658, in 4to. Cimber and Danjou, Archives curieuses de l'histoire de France, vol. i, pp. 137-157. (See also, Michelet, History of France, translated by G.H. Smith, vol. ii, p. 206.) Note—Alençon says to his English valet: "If I could have a powder that I wot of and put it in the vessel in which the King's sheets are washed, he should sleep sound enough [dormir tout sec]." Trial of Alençon (W.S.).

[1119] Trial, vol. iii, p. 90.

[1120] Ibid., p. 209.

[1121] Ibid., p. 65.

[1122] Ibid., p. 100.

[1123] Ibid., p. 85.

[1124] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 20, 21, 161; vol. iii, pp. 43, 53, passim.

[1125] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 44, 56. J. Quicherat, Aperçus nouveaux, p. 106.

[1126] Ibid., vol. ii, pp. 161; vol. iii, pp. 41, 42, 195.

[1127] De Beaurepaire, Notes sur les juges.

[1128] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 329 et seq.

[1129] Trial, vol. ii, pp. 363 et seq., 434 et seq.

[1130] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations en faveur de Jeanne d'Arc, p. 576.

[1131] Trial, vol. iii, pp. 32, 87, 100, 116, 119, 120, 126, 128 et passim.

[1132] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations, p. 402.

[1133] Trial, vol. iii, p. 398.

[1134] Trial, vol. iii, p. 355.

[1135] Ibid., p. 162.

[1136] Gallia Christiana, vol. xi, col. 793.

[1137] Histoire ecclésiastique et politique de la ville et du diocèse de Toul, 1707, p. 529.

[1138] Abbé Bossard, Gilles de Rais, pp. 333 et seq.

[1139] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. vi, p. 197.

[1140] Inquiry of 1476, in G. de Braux and E. de Bouteiller, Nouvelles recherches, p. 10.

[1141] Or Chaumussay. Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, Paris, 1871, in 8vo, p. 19.

[1142] Lecoy de la Marche, Une fausse Jeanne d'Arc, in Revue des questions historiques, October, 1871, p. 576. Le roi René, Paris, 1875, vol. i, pp. 308-327; vol. ii, pp. 281-283.

[1143] Trial, vol. iii, p. 314, note 1. Gallia Christiana, vol. ii, fol. 518. Du Boulay, Hist. Univ. Paris, vol. v, p. 905. Le P. Ayroles, La Pucelle devant l'église de son temps, pp. 403, 404.

[1144] Lanéry d'Arc, Mémoires et consultations, p. 247.

[1145] Du Clercq, Mémoires, ed. Reiffenberg, Brussels, 1823, vol. iii, pp. 98 et seq. Jean de Roye, Chronique scandaleuse, ed. Bernard de Mandrot, 1894, vol. i, pp. 13, 14. Chronique de Bourdigné, ed. Quatrebarbes, vol. ii, p. 212. Dom Piolin, Histoire de l'église du Mans, vol. v, p. 163.

[1146] Chastellain, ed. Kervyn de Lettenhove, vol. iii, p. 444.

[1147] Jacques du Clercq, Mémoires, vol. iii, pp. 107 et seq.

[1148] Antoine du Faur, Livre des femmes célèbres, in Trial, vol. v, p. 336.

[1149] De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. vi, pp. 442, 451. Chronique Martiniane, ed. P. Champion, p. 110.

[1150] Mathieu d'Escouchy, vol. ii, p. 422. Jean Chartier, Chronique, vol. iii, pp. 114-121.

[1151] Gallia Christiana, vol. vii, col. 151 and 214. Hardouin, Acta Conciliorum, vol. ix, col. 1423. De Beaucourt, Histoire de Charles VII, vol. vi, p. 444.

[1152] Trial, vol. iii. p. 219.

[1153] Trial, vol. i, p. 52 and passim.

[1154] A famous French alienist (1825-1893).—W.S.

[1155] Progrès medical, January 19, 1878.

[1156] The existence of patches devoid of feeling was considered in the Middle Ages to prove that the subject was a witch. Hence needles were run into the supposed witch. And if she felt them in every part of her body she was acquitted.—W.S.

[1157] Trial, vol. i, p. 52.

[1158] Trial, vol. i, p. 53.

[1159] Trial, vol. i, p. 186.

[1160] According to the evidence of Maître Pierre Maurice, at the condemnation trial (vol. i. p. 480), Jeanne must have seen the angels "in the form of certain infinitesimal things" (sub specie quarumdam rerum minimarum). This was also the character of the hallucinations experienced by Saint Rose of Lima ("Vie de Sainte Rose de Lima," by P. Léonard Hansen, p. 179).

[1161] Trial, vol. i, p. 144.

[1162] Trial, vol. i, p. 110.

[1163] Trial, vol. i, p. 279 and passim.

[1164] Michel de Nostre-Dame, called Nostradamus (1503-1566), a Provençal astrologer, whose prophecies were published under the title of "Centuries." He was invited to the French court by Catherine de' Medici, and became the doctor of Charles IX.—W.S.

[1165] The last syllable but one of the surname of the Prophet will Diane take for her day and her rest. Far shall wander that inspired one delivering a great nation from the burden of taxes.

[1166] Marc René Marquis d'Argenson (1652-1721), after being Lieutenant Général de la Police at Paris, became, from 1718-1720, Président du Conseil des Finances and Garde des Sceaux.—W.S.

[1167] Gazette d'Amsterdam, March-May, 1697; Annales de la cour et de Paris (vol. ii. pp. 204, 219); Theatrum Europæum (vol. xv. pp. 359-360); Mémoires de Sourches (vol. v. pp. 260, 263); Lettres de Madame Dunoyer (Letter xxvi); Saint Simon, Mémoires, ed. Régnier (Collection des Grands Ecrivains de la France), vol. vi. pp. 222, 228, 231; Appendix X, p. 545; Mémoires du duc de Luynes, vol. x. pp. 410, 412—Abbé Proyart, Vie du duc de Bourgogne (ed. 1782), vol. i. pp. 978, 981.

[1168] Antoine Marie Chamans, Comte de La Valette (1769-1830), was a French general during the first empire. Having been arrested in 1815 and condemned to death, he was saved by his wife.—W.S.

[1169] Rapport adressé à S. Ex. le Ministre de la Police Générale sur l'état du nommé Martin, envoyé par son ordre à la maison royale de Charenton, le 13 Mars, 1816, par MM. Pinel, médecin en chef de l'hôpital de la Salpêtriere, et Royer-Collard, médecin en chef de la maison royale de Charenton, et l'un et l'autre professeurs à la faculté de médecine de Paris. Inscribed at the end with the date—Paris, 6 May, 1816—39 pages in 4o MS. in the library of the author. Le Capitaine Paul Marin, Thomas Martin de Gallardon Les Médecins et les thaumaturges du XIXe siècle, Paris, s.d. in 18o. Mémoires de la Comtesse de Boignes, edited by Charles Nicoullaud, Paris, 1907, vol. iii. pp. 355 and passim.

[1170] Trial, vol. i, pp. 100, 292.

[1171] There is a wood engraving of this figure in Wallon, Jeanne d'Arc, p. 95.

[1172] E. de Bouteiller and G. de Braux, Notes iconographiques sur Jeanne d'Arc, Paris and Orléans, 1879, in 18o royal paper.

[1173] Reproduced in many works, notably opposite p. 17 in the book of E. de Bouteiller and G. de Braux, referred to above.

[1174] Ibid., see woodcut opposite p. 8.

[1175] In the Orléans Museum. A copper-plate engraving by M. Georges Lavalley, in the Jeanne d'Arc, of M. Raoul Bergot, Tours, s.d. large 8o.

[1176] Of this class of so-called portrait, I will merely mention the miniature which serves as frontispiece to vol. iv. of La Vrai Jeanne d'Arc, of P. Ayroles, Paris, 1898, in large 8o, and the miniature of the Spetz Collection, reproduced in the Jeanne d'Arc of Canon Henri Debout, vol. ii. p. 103 (also in The Maid of France by Andrew Lang, 1908. W.S.).

[1177] Le champion des dames, MS. of the fifteenth century; Bibl. nat., fonds français, No. 841; Martial d'Auvergne, MS. of the end of the fifteenth century, fonds français, No. 5054. An initial of a fifteenth-century Latin MS., Bibl. nat., No. 14665.

[1178] Trial, vol. i, p. 100. N. Valois, Un nouveau témoignage sur Jeanne d'Arc, pp. 8, 13.

[1179] Reproduced in chromo in Wallon's Jeanne d'Arc.

[1180] The form Darc occurs in the condemnation trial (Trial, vol. i, p. 191, vol. ii, p. 82). But side by side we find also Dars (document dated March 31, 1427), Day (patent of nobility), Daiz (communicated to me by M. Pierre Champion) and Daix (Chronique de la Pucelle).

[1181] Tapestry representing small animals.—W.S.

[1182] Reproduced in chromo in Wallon's Jeanne d'Arc, cf. J. Quicherat, Histoire du costume en France depuis les temps les plus reculés, jusqu' la fin du XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 1875, large octavo, p. 271.

[1183] Trial, vol. v, p. 270.

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